|Municipality and city|
Serbian: Исток / Istok
|District||District of Peć|
|• Total||454 km2 (175 sq mi)|
|Elevation||480 m (1,570 ft)|
|• Density||88/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Website||Municipality of Istok|
Istok or Istog (Serbian: Исток, Istok, Albanian: Istog, Turkish: İstok) is a town and municipality in the Peć district of north-western Kosovo.[a] The town is the administrative capital of the municipality, which includes the town and the surrounding villages.
The name of the town comes from the archaic version of the Serbian word istok (modern version istek), meaning "well, water source" referring to the springs of the Istočka river, a tributary to the White Drin river. The name of the nearby village of Vrela, one of the largest settlements in the municipality, also means "springs", as does the newly proposed Albanian name of the town, Burimi.
The Ottoman defter (tax registry; census) of 1582 registered the Peć nahiyah as having 235 villages, of which Suho Grlo (Suvo Grlo) was located within modern Istok municipality. Suvo Grlo had three bigger mahala (neighbourhoods), whose inhabitants were Serbs. One of the neighbourhoods converted to Islam. There were several Orthodox priests in the village.
Most of the Serbs in the municipality of Istok live in the village of Osojane, which is under the administration of the municipality of Istok under the control of Serbia. Osojane is to the east of the city Istok, part of the Serbs lives in north part of the municipality.
|Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs|
|Ref: Yugoslav Population Censuses for data through 1991, and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for data in 1998 and 2006, 2011 estimate|
After World War II, watermills on the river of Istok were nationalized and a new fish plant was built to operate as a socially owned enterprise. The company's name during socialism was "Ribnjak" (in Serbian) meaning "piscatory" or "fishery", and when it was privatized as Motel "Trofta" (in Albanian) meaning "Trout", or the type of fish it has been and is still producing, selling, and distributing. The company employs around 70 people.
- Fadil Ferati, Mayor of Istok from 1999 to 2010
- Fatmire Bajramaj, footballer
- Mergim Brahimi, footballer
- Besim Kabashi, kickboxer
- Abdul Qader Arnaout, Islamic scholar
- Azdren Llullaku, footballer
- Ibrahim Rugova, former President of Kosovo
- Agnesa Vuthaj, Miss Albania
- Adnan Januzaj, footballer
- Radoš Ljušić, Serbian historian
- Mërgim Mavraj, footballer
- Donis Avdiaj, footballer
- Selman Kadria, local hero known for the assassination of a Serbian military commander
Notes and references
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 109 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije, page 87; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
- Vasić, Milan (1991), "Etnički odnosi u jugoslovensko-albanskom graničnom području prema popisnom defteru sandžaka Skadar iz 1582/83. godine", Stanovništvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji : zbornik radova sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Cetinju 21, 22. i 23. juna 1990 (in Serbo-Croatian), OCLC 29549273
- A successful return of Serbs in Osojane
|3||Ferizaj (Uroševac)||Ferizaj (Uroševac)||114,087||13||Orahovac||Gjakova||59,021|
|10||Suva Reka||Prizren||62,913||20||Kosovo Polje (Fushë Kosova)||Pristina||38,265|