Istok

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Istog
Albanian: Istog / Istogu
Albanian: Burim / Burimi
Serbian: Исток / Istok
Town panorama of Istog
Town panorama of Istog
Coat of arms of Istog
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Istok within Kosovo
Location of the municipality of Istok within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°47′N 20°29′E / 42.783°N 20.483°E / 42.783; 20.483
CountryKosovo[a]
DistrictDistrict of Peć
Government
 • MayorHaki Rugova (LDK)
 • Municipal454 km2 (175 sq mi)
Elevation
480 m (1,570 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Urban
5,115
 • Municipal
39,289
 • Municipal density87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
31000
Area code(s)+381
Car plates03
Websitekk.rks-gov.net/istog

Istok or Istog (Albanian: Istog, Istogu, Serbian: Исток, Istok) or Burim[1] is a town and municipality located in the Peć District of eastern Kosovo[a]. According to the 2011 census, the town of Istok has 5,115 inhabitants, while the municipality has 39,289 inhabitants. Based on the population estimates from the Kosovo Agency of Statistics in 2016, the municipality has 39,982 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

The name of the town comes from the version of the Serbian word istok (variant istek), meaning "well, water source" referring to the springs of the Istočka river, a tributary to the White Drin river.[2] The name of the nearby village of Vrela, one of the largest settlements in the municipality, also means "springs", as does the newly proposed Albanian name of the town,[citation needed] Burimi.

History[edit]

The Ottoman defter (tax registry; census) of 1582 registered the Peć nahiyah as having 235 villages, of which Suho Grlo (Suvo Grlo) was located within modern Istok municipality. Suvo Grlo had three bigger mahala (neighbourhoods), whose inhabitants were Serbs. One of the neighbourhoods converted to Islam. There were several Orthodox priests in the village.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Municipal historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194825,292—    
195328,555+2.46%
196133,779+2.12%
197141,009+1.96%
198150,104+2.02%
199157,261+1.34%
201139,289−1.87%
2016
est.
39,604+0.16%
Source: Division of Kosovo
Urban historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19482,074—    
19532,111+0.35%
19612,657+2.92%
19713,467+2.70%
19814,478+2.59%
19916,384+3.61%
20115,115−1.10%
Source: Cities of Kosovo

According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Istok has 39,289 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The municipality of Istok has an ethnic Kosovo Albanian majority. Most of the Kosovo Serbs live in the village of Osojane.[4] Osojane is to the east of the city Istok; also part of the Serbs lives in northern part of the municipality.

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Montenegrins  % Bosniaks  % Roma/Ashkali  % Total
1961 19,067 56.45 9,097 26.91 3,804 11.25 881 2.6 16 33,799
1971 27,371 66.74 8,944 21.81 2,420 5.90 1,876 4.57 243 0.59 41,009
1981 35,972 71.79 7,736 15.44 1,856 3.70 3,545 7.08 747 1.49 50,104
1991 43,910 76.68 5,968 10.42 1,302 2.27 4,070 7.11 1,346 2.35 57,261
1998 51,000 80.1 7,270 11.4
2006 41,000 92 540 1.2 1,330 2.9 1,740 3.9 44,610
2011 36,154 194 1,142 151 39,289
Ref: Yugoslav Population Censuses for data through 1991, and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for data in 1998 and 2006, 2011 estimate

Economy[edit]

After World War II, watermills on the river of Istok were nationalized and a new fish plant was built to operate as a socially owned enterprise. The company's name under Yugoslavia was "Ribnjak", meaning "piscatory" or "fishery" in Serbian. It was later privatized as Motel "Trofta", meaning "trout" in Albanian - the type of fish it has and is still producing, selling, and distributing. The company employs around 70 people.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 99 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 13 later withdrew their recognition.

References:

  1. ^ Robert Elsie (2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 297.
  2. ^ Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije, page 87; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
  3. ^ Vasić, Milan (1991), "Etnički odnosi u jugoslovensko-albanskom graničnom području prema popisnom defteru sandžaka Skadar iz 1582/83. godine", Stanovništvo slovenskog porijekla u Albaniji : zbornik radova sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa održanog u Cetinju 21, 22. i 23. juna 1990 (in Serbo-Croatian), OCLC 29549273
  4. ^ Tanjug (12 July 2012). "Ivanović: Uspešan povratak Srba u Osojane". Blic.rs (in Serbian).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°47′N 20°29′E / 42.783°N 20.483°E / 42.783; 20.483