St. István Pongrácz SJ
Alvinc, Principality of Transylvania
|Died||7 September 1619|
Kassa, Kingdom of Hungary
(today: Košice, Slovakia)
|Venerated in||Hungary, Catholic Church, Society of Jesus|
|Beatified||15 January 1905, St Peter's Basilica, Rome by Pope Saint Pius X|
|Canonized||2 July 1995, Košice, Slovakia by Pope Saint John Paul II|
|Major shrine||Premonstratensian Church (Košice)|
Father István Pongrácz was born in Alvincz Castle in Principality of Transylvania, entered the Society of Jesus in 1602, and studied in Bohemia and Austria. He had been ordained for four years when he was sent to Kassa, Kingdom of Hungary, (today: Košice, Slovakia) with fellow Jesuit Melchior Grodziecki.
The two Jesuits were working in small towns when they heard the news that a Calvinist army was marching on Kassa in an attempt to expand the territory of Gabriel Bethlen, prince of Transylvania. The two Jesuits returned to Kassa where they were joined by a diocesan priest, Fr. Marko Krizin. The Transylvanian army took control of the city on 5 September 1619, and immediately confined the three priests to the Jesuit residence. Before dawn on 7 September, soldiers broke into their quarters and demanded that they apostatize and accept Calvinism. When the priests refused to do so, the soldiers began to torture them and finally beheaded them.
Veneration and Canonization
The cause of beatification of the Kassa martyrs began in 1628 and they were finally beatified on 15 January 1905 by Pope Saint Pius X. They were canonized on 2 July 1995 in Košice by Pope Saint John Paul II. Their feast day is on 7 September.
- "Jesuit saints and blesseds". 11 October 2007. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Cygański Las – Parafia NMP Królowej Świata w Bielsku-Białej". www.parafiacyglas.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Diocese of Bielsko-Żywiecka