It! The Terror from Beyond Space

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It! The Terror from Beyond Space
It the terror from beyond space.jpg
Directed by Edward L. Cahn
Produced by Robert Kent
Edward Small (uncredited)
Written by Jerome Bixby
Starring Marshall Thompson
Shawn Smith(Shirley Patterson)
Kim Spalding
Music by Paul Sawtell
Bert Shefter
Cinematography Kenneth Peach
Edited by Grant Whytock
Production
company
Vogue Pictures, Inc.
Distributed by United Artists
Release dates
  • August 13, 1958 (1958-08-13)
Running time
68 min
Language English

It! The Terror from Beyond Space is an independently made 1958 American black-and-white science fiction film produced by Robert Kent, directed by Edward L. Cahn, and starring Marshall Thompson, Shawn Smith (Shirley Patterson) and Kim Spalding.[1]The film was distributed by United Artists.[2]

The plot involves a rescue mission to Mars that finds the sole survivor of a previous Earth expedition. The survivor, the expedition's former commander, claims that his crew were killed by a hostile Martian life form. The rescue ship's captain does not believe him, surmising that they were actually killed for their provisions so that the commander could survive. He confines the commander to quarters after the rescue ship launches for Earth. The same hostile Martian creature, now a stowaway and immune to the crew's few weapons, begins another human hunting spree.

The premise of a hostile alien creature hunting a spaceship's crew as it returns to Earth was the inspiration for screenwriter Dan O'Bannon's screenplay for Ridley Scott's 1979 film Alien.[2]

Plot[edit]

In 1973 a nuclear-powered spaceship is perched on the cratered surface of Mars, sent to rescue the crew of a previous, ill-fated mission. The sole survivor of that crashed ship, Col. Edward Carruthers (Marshall Thompson), is suspected of having murdered the other nine members of his crew for their food and water rations, on the premise that he had no way of knowing if or when an Earth rescue mission would ever arrive. Carruthers denies the allegation, attributing his crew's deaths to a hostile alien life form encountered on Mars.

The rescue ship's commander is unconvinced, confining Carruthers to quarters and ordering an immediate return to Earth. Unknown to the rest of the crew, before blast-off, one crew member left a large external exhaust vent open for a considerable time. With Mars behind them, the crew settle into shipboard routine for the six-month journey home. Soon, isolated crew members are attacked by a shadowy presence and dragged into the ship's ventilation ducts.

The crew are at first skeptical that something has crawled aboard while they were on Mars. The body count begins to rise with the discovery of the shriveled corpse of a colleague, then another near death. Both bodies have been sucked dry of moisture. Reasoning that Mars is a world with no liquid water, the crew believe that their stowaway must be the same creature that killed Carruthers' shipmates.

When conventional .45 calibre bullets fail to stop the creature, the crew try hand grenades and gas grenades, but the humanoid alien proves largely immune to the weaponry. They try to electrocute the creature with no effect, but are able to lure It into the spaceship's nuclear reactor room, shutting and locking the heavily shielded door behind the creature, which is then exposed directly to the ship's nuclear pile. It crashes through the door and escapes, the radiation seemingly having no more effect than an old-fashioned hot foot.

As the crew numbers dwindle, the survivors retreat upward, deck-by-deck, pursued by the humanoid creature. The alien is strong enough to break through the central pressure hatch on each deck, finally trapping them in the control room on the topmost deck. In the final standoff their weapons are once again unleashed but It is unstoppable. Reasoning that the ship's higher-than-normal oxygen consumption rate is likely due to the creature's larger lung capacity, Carruthers decides that opening the command deck's hull airlock to the vacuum of space should suffocate the creature while the survivors are safe in their spacesuits. After an explosive decompression, the plan works: It suffocates and finally expires, stuck part way through the final pressure hatch.

A press conference is later held at the crew's base on Earth, revealing the details of what happened aboard the rescue ship. The project director emphasizes that Earth may now be forced to leave Mars out of all future manned planetary space exploration, "because another word for Mars is death".

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

It! The Terror from Beyond Space was financed by Edward Small and was originally known as It! The Vampire from Beyond Space.[3] Principal photography took place over a two-week period during mid-January 1958.[4]

It! was the last film of actor Ray "Crash" Corrigan. Corrigan was set to play the role of the creature, but during pre-production he did not want to travel all the way to Topanga in western Los Angeles County where Paul Blaisdell, the film's sculptor and makeup artist, lived and operated his studio. Therefore Blaisdell couldn't take exact measurements of Corrigan's head. Consequently there were final fit problems with the creature's head prop: "[Corrigan's]... bulbous chin stuck out through the monster's mouth, so the make-up man painted his chin to look like a tongue."[5]

Reception[edit]

It! The Terror from Beyond Space was a programmer and despite its B film origins, received better than expected reviews.[6] The film review in Variety noted that the monster was the star: "‘It’ is a Martian by birth, a Frankenstein by instinct, and a copycat. The monster dies hard, brushing aside grenades, bullets, gas and an atomic pile, before snorting its last snort. It’s old stuff, with only a slight twist."[7] A film review by Dennis Schwartz favorably compared "It!" with Alien, a later film that borrowed liberally from its earlier counterpart. [8] It currently has a 69% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[9]

Adaptations[edit]

In 1992, Millennium Publications adapted It! The Terror from Beyond Space as a short-run comic book series, written by Mark Ellis and Dean Zachary.[10] A further comics adaptation was released by Midnite Movies (IDW Publishing) in 2010, for a three-issue run.[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Warren 2000, p. 160.
  2. ^ a b Maçek III, J.C. "Building the Perfect Star Beast: The Antecedents of 'Alien'." PopMatters, November 21, 2012.
  3. ^ Scheuer, Philip K. "Kristin' seen as challenge: Kaufman phones Terry Moore; 'Diamonds' polished for Laage." Los Angeles Times, November 21, 1957, p. C11.
  4. ^ "Original print information: "It! The Terror From Beyond Space." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: January 6, 2015.
  5. ^ Stafford, Jeff. "It! The Terror From Beyond Space." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: January 6, 2015.
  6. ^ Palmer 1997, p. 206.
  7. ^ "Review: ‘It! – The Terror from Beyond Space’." Variety, December 31, 1957. Retrieved: January 6, 2015.
  8. ^ "It! The Terror from Beyond Space." Ozus' World Movie Reviews, September 23, 2001. Retrieved: January 6, 2015.
  9. ^ "It! The Terror From Beyond Space (1958)." Rotten Tomatoes. June 21, 2015.
  10. ^ "It! The Terror from Beyond Space." The Comic Book Database. Retrieved: January 9, 2015.
  11. ^ "It! The Terror from Beyond Space." The Comic Book Database. Retrieved: January 9, 2015.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Strick, Philip. Science Fiction Movies. London: Octopus Books Limited. 1976. ISBN 0-7064-0470-X.
  • Palmer, Randy. Paul Blaisdell, Monster Maker: A Biography of the B Movie Makeup and Special Effects Artist. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 1997. ISBN 978-0-78644-099-3.
  • Warren, Bill. Keep Watching the Skies: American Science Fiction Films of the Fifties, 21st Century Edition. 2009. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-89950-032-3.

External links[edit]