|This article does not cite any references or sources. (January 2011)|
|板橋区 · Itabashi City|
The east exit of Itabashi Station
|• Total||32.17 km2 (12.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||16,270/km2 (42,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
Itabashi (板橋区 Itabashi-ku?) is a special ward located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. In English, it calls itself Itabashi City. Itabashi has sister-city relations with Burlington, Ontario in Canada; Shijingshan District in Beijing, People's Republic of China; and Bologna in Italy.
Itabashi lies on the Kantō plain. The Arakawa River, a major river, forms part of the boundary with Saitama Prefecture. Surrounding the ward are, in Saitama, the cities of Wako and Toda; and in Tokyo, the wards of Nerima, Toshima, and Kita.
The name of the ward means "plank bridge" and derives from the wooden span over the Shakujii River that dates from the Heian period. Such a bridge was remarkable at the time, and the name has lasted since. In the Edo period, the Nakasendō crossed the nearby Shimo Itabashi, and the name came to apply to that area as well. Itabashi was one of the Four Edo Post Towns, and travellers first lodged there after leaving the shogunal capital. The Kaga domain had a mansion there. The shogunate maintained the Itabashi execution grounds at Itabashi.
On October 1, 1932, nine towns and villages of Kita-Toshima District were merged and became part of Tokyo City as Itabashi Ward. It became a special ward May 3, 1947. On August 1 of that year, the localities of Nerima, Kami-Nerima, Naka-Arai, Shakujii and Ōizumi were split off from Itabashi to create Nerima Ward.
Itabashi is home to four universities. Tokyo Kasei University has a campus in the Kaga neighborhood. Also in Kaga is the main campus of Teikyo University. Daito Bunka University has one campus in Takashima-daira, and another in Higashimatsuyama, Saitama. The fourth is the medical college of Nihon University.
Public elementary and middle schools are operated by the Itabashi Board of Education.
Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education.
- Itabashi High School
- Itabashi Yutoku
- Kitatoshima Technical High School
- Kitazono High School
- Ohyama High School
- Takashima High School
Points of interest
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) Saikyō Line: Itabashi Station, Ukima-Funado Station
- Toei Mita Line: Shin-Itabashi, Itabashi Kuyakusho-mae, Itabashi-Honchō, Moto-Hasunuma, Shimura Sakaue, Shimura-Sanchōme, Hasune, Nishidai, Takashimadaira, Shin-Takashimadaira, Nishi-Takashimadaira Stations
- Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line: Chikatetsu Narimasu Station
- Tōbu Tōjō Line: Ōyama, Naka-Itabashi, Tokiwadai, Kami-Itabashi, Tobu-Nerima, Shimo-Akatsuka, Narimasu Stations
Some of these stations straddle the boundaries with other wards, or are within walking distance of Itabashi. The addresses of some stations are in neighboring wards. Shimo-Itabashi Station is in Toshima; Kotake Mukaihara Station and Akatsuka Subway Station are in Nerima; Ukima-Funado Station is actually in Kita.
- Shuto Expressway
- No.5 Ikebukuro Route (Takebashi JCT – Bijogi JCT)
- C2 Central Loop (Itabashi JCT – Kasai JCT)
Cities with the same kanji (板橋, read Itabashi during Japanese rule):
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