Italian Minister of Defence

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Minister of Defence of Italy
Flag of the Italian Defence minister.svg
Roberta Pinotti Portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Roberta Pinotti

since 22 February 2014
Council of Ministers
Appointer President of the Republic
Inaugural holder Manfredo Fanti
Website Official website

This Italian Ministers of Defence is a senior member of the Italian Cabinet, responsible for military and civil defence matters and managing the Italian Armed Forces.

The first Minister of War was Manfredo Fanti, a General of the Royal Italian Army, while the first Minister of Defence was Luigi Gasparotto, member of the Labour Democratic Party; the current office holder is Roberta Pinotti, of the Democratic Party, who is in office since 22 February 2014.[1]

List of Ministers of War[edit]

Parties
  • 1861–1912:

  Military   Historical Right   Historical Left

  • 1912–1922:

  Military   Reform Socialist Party   People's Party   Agrarian Party   Liberal Union

  • 1922–1943:

  National Fascist Party (sole legal party)

  • 1943–1946:

  Military   Liberal Party   Christian Democracy   Republican Party

Governments

  Rightist coalition   Leftist coalition   Liberal coalition   Fascist   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political party Ministry
Manfredo Fanti
(1806–1865)
Manf.Fanti.jpg 17 March 1861 6 June 1861 Military Cavour IV
Bettino Ricasoli
(1809–1880)
Bettino Ricasoli 2.jpg 12 June 1861 5 September 1861 Historical Right Ricasoli I
Alessandro Della Rovere
(1815–1864)
Alessandro Della Rovere.jpg 5 September 1861 3 March 1862 Military
Agostino Petitti Bagliani
(1814–1890)
L'Illustration 1862 gravure ministre général de Petitti.jpg 4 March 1862 8 December 1862 Military Rattazzi I
Alessandro Della Rovere
(1815–1864)
Alessandro Della Rovere.jpg 8 December 1862 28 September 1864 Military Farini
Minghetti I
Agostino Petitti Bagliani
(1814–1890)
L'Illustration 1862 gravure ministre général de Petitti.jpg 28 September 1864 31 December 1865 Military La Marmora II
Ignazio De Genova
(1813–1896)
Ignazio De Genova di Pettinengo.gif 31 December 1865 22 August 1866 Military La Marmora III
Ricasoli II
Efisio Cugia
(1818–1872)
Efisio Cugia.jpg 22 August 1866 10 April 1867 Military Ricasoli II
Genova Theon di Revel
(1817–1910)
Genova Revel.jpg 10 April 1867 27 October 1867 Military Rattazzi II
Ettore Bertolè Viale
(1829–1892)
Ettore Bertolè Viale.gif 27 October 1867 14 December 1869 Military Menabrea I·II·III
Giuseppe Govone
(1825–1872)
Giuseppe Govone by Cavalli.jpg 14 December 1869 7 September 1870 Military Lanza
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
Cesare Francesco Ricotti-Magnani.JPG 7 September 1870 20 November 1876 Military Lanza
Minghetti II
Depretis I
Luigi Mezzacapo
(1814–1885)
Luigi Mezzacapo.JPG 20 November 1876 24 March 1878 Military Depretis I·II
Luigi Mezzacapo
(1824–1890)
Giovanni Bruzzo.JPG 24 March 1878 24 October 1878 Military Cairoli I
Cesare Bonelli
(1821–1904)
Cesare Bonelli.gif 24 October 1878 19 December 1878 Military
Gustavo Mazè de la Roche
(1824–1886)
Gustavo Mazè de la Roche.JPG 19 December 1878 14 July 1879 Military Depretis III
Cesare Bonelli
(1821–1904)
Cesare Bonelli.gif 14 July 1879 13 July 1880 Military Cairoli II·III
Ferdinando Acton
(1832–1891)
Ferdinando Acton.gif 13 July 1880 27 July 1880 Military Cairoli III
Bernardino Milon
(1829–1881)
Bernardino Milon.jpg 27 July 1880 25 March 1881 Military
Emilio Ferrero
(1819–1887)
Emilio Ferrero.gif 25 March 1881 24 May 1884 Military Cairoli III
Depretis IV·V·VI
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
Cesare Francesco Ricotti-Magnani.JPG 24 May 1884 4 April 1887 Military Depretis VI·VII
Ettore Bertolè Viale
(1829–1892)
Ettore Bertolè Viale.gif 4 April 1887 6 February 1891 Military Depretis VIII
Crispi I·II
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
Luigi Pelloux.jpg 6 February 1891 15 December 1893 Military Starabba I
Giolitti I
Stanislao Mocenni
(1837–1907)
Stanislao Mocenni.jpg 15 December 1893 10 March 1896 Military Crispi III·IV
Cesare Ricotti-Magnani
(1822–1917)
Cesare Francesco Ricotti-Magnani.JPG 10 March 1896 11 July 1896 Military Starabba II
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
Luigi Pelloux.jpg 11 July 1896 14 December 1897 Military Starabba III
Alessandro Asinari
di San Marzano
(1830–1906)
Alessandro Asinari di San Marzano.jpg 14 December 1897 14 May 1899 Military Starabba IV
Pelloux I
Giuseppe Mirri
(1834–1907)
Giuseppe Mirri.gif 14 May 1899 7 January 1900 Military Pelloux II
Luigi Pelloux
(1839–1924)
Luigi Pelloux.jpg 7 January 1900 7 April 1900 Military
Coriolano Ponza
di San Martino
(1842–1926)
Coriolano Ponza di San Martino.gif 7 April 1900 27 April 1902 Military Pelloux I
Saracco
Zanardelli
Enrico Morin
(1841–1910)
Enrico Morin.jpg 27 April 1902 14 May 1902 Military Zanardelli
Giuseppe Ottolenghi
(1838–1904)
Brockhaus and Efron Jewish Encyclopedia e12 165-0.jpg 14 May 1902 3 September 1903 Military
Ettore Pedotti
(1842–1919)
Ettore Pedotti.gif 3 September 1903 24 December 1905 Military Giolitti II
Tittoni
Fortis I
Luigi Majnoni d'Intignano
(1841–1918)
Luigi Majnoni d'Intignano.jpg 24 December 1905 29 May 1906 Military Fortis II
Sonnino I
Giuseppe Ettore Viganò
(1843–1933)
Giuseppe Ettore Vigano.jpg 29 May 1906 29 December 1907 Military Giolitti III
Severino Casana
(1842–1912)
Severino Casana.jpg 29 December 1907 10 December 1900 Historical Left
Paolo Spingardi
(1845–1918)
Paolo Spingardi.jpg 11 December 1900 19 March 1914 Military Sonnino II
Luzzatti
Giolitti IV
Domenico Grandi
(1849–1937)
Domenico Grandi 1914.jpg 21 March 1914 10 October 1914 Military Salandra I
Vittorio Italico Zupelli
(1859–1945)
Vittorio Italico Zupelli 1915.jpg 10 October 1914 4 April 1916 Military Salandra I·II
Paolo Morrone
(1854–1937)
Paolo Morrone.jpg 4 April 1916 16 June 1917 Military Salandra II
Boselli
Gaetano Giardino
(1864–1935)
Giardino gaetano.gif 16 June 1917 30 October 1917 Military Boselli
Vittorio Luigi Alfieri
(1863–1918)
Vittorio Alfieri (katona).gif 30 October 1917 21 March 1918 Military Orlando
Vittorio Italico Zupelli
(1859–1945)
Vittorio Italico Zupelli 1915.jpg 21 March 1918 18 January 1919 Military
Enrico Caviglia
(1862–1945)
Enrico Caviglia.jpg 18 January 1919 23 June 1919 Military
Alberico Albricci
(1864–1936)
Alberico Albricci.jpg 24 June 1919 14 March 1920 Military Nitti I
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
Ivanoe Bonomi.jpg 14 March 1920 21 May 1920 Italian Reformist
Socialist Party
Giulio Rodinò
(1875–1946)
Giulio Rodinò 2.jpg 21 May 1920 15 June 1920 Italian People's Party Nitti II
Ivanoe Bonomi
(1873–1951)
Ivanoe Bonomi.jpg 15 June 1920 2 April 1921 Italian Reformist
Socialist Party
Giolitti V
Giulio Rodinò
(1875–1946)
Giulio Rodinò 2.jpg 2 April 1921 4 July 1921 Italian People's Party
Luigi Gasparotto
(1873–1954)
Luigi Gasparotto senato.jpg 4 July 1921 26 February 1922 Italian Reformist
Socialist Party
Bonomi I
Pietro Lanza di Scalea
(1863–1938)
Principe Pietro Lanza di Scalea.png 26 February 1922 1 August 1922 Agrarian Party Facta I
Marcello Soleri
(1882–1945)
Marcello Soleri 2.jpg 1 August 1922 28 October 1922 Liberal Union Facta II
Armando Diaz
(1861–1928)
Armando Diaz 1921.jpg 30 October 1922 30 April 1924 Military Mussolini
Antonino Di Giorgio
(1867–1932)
Antonino di giorgio.jpg 30 April 1924 4 April 1925 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Benito Mussolini crop.jpg 4 April 1925 12 September 1929 National Fascist Party
Pietro Gazzera
(1879–1953)
Gazzera.gif 12 September 1929 22 July 1933 National Fascist Party
Benito Mussolini
(1883–1945)
Mussolini biografia.jpg 22 July 1933 25 July 1943 National Fascist Party
Antonio Sorice
(1897–1971)
Antonio Sorice.jpg 28 July 1943 11 February 1944 Military Badoglio I
Taddeo Orlando
(1885–1950)
Taddeo Orlando.jpg 11 February 1944 8 June 1944 Military Badoglio I·II
Alessandro Casati
(1881–1955)
AlessandroCasati.jpg 18 June 1944 21 June 1945 Italian Liberal Party Bonomi II·III
Stefano Jacini
(1886–1952)
Stefano Jacini 2.jpg 21 June 1945 8 December 1945 Christian Democracy Parri
Manlio Brosio
(1897–1980)
Manlio Brosio.PNG 10 December 1945 1 July 1946 Italian Liberal Party De Gasperi I
Cipriano Facchinetti
(1889–1952)
Cipriano Facchinetti.jpg 14 July 1946 4 February 1947 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi II

List of Ministers of Defence[edit]

Parties
  • 1946-1993:

  Labour Democratic Party   Christian Democracy   Republican Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Socialist Party   Liberal Party   Independent

  • Since 1994:

  Forza Italia/The People of Freedom   People's Party   Democratic Union for the Republic   Democratic Party   Civic Choice/Populars for Italy   Independent

Governments

  Centrist coalition   Centre-right coalition   Centre-left coalition   Mixed coalition

Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of office Political Party Ministry
Luigi Gasparotto
(1873–1954)
Luigi Gasparotto senato.jpg 4 February 1947 31 May 1947 Labour Democratic Party De Gasperi III
Mario Cingolani
(1883–1971)
Mario Cingolani.jpg 31 May 1947 15 December 1947 Christian Democracy De Gasperi IV
Cipriano Facchinetti
(1889–1952)
Cipriano Facchinetti.jpg 15 December 1947 23 May 1948 Italian Republican Party
Randolfo Pacciardi
(1899–1991)
Randolfo Pacciardi.jpg 23 May 1948 7 July 1953 Italian Republican Party De Gasperi V·VI·VII
Giuseppe Codacci Pisanelli
(1913–1999)
Giuseppe Codacci Pisanelli.jpg 16 July 1953 2 August 1953 Christian Democracy De Gasperi VIII
Paolo Emilio Taviani
(1912–2001)
Taviani.jpg 17 August 1953 1 July 1958 Christian Democracy Pella
Fanfani I
Scelba
Segni
Zoli
Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
Antonio Segni Official.jpg 1 July 1958 15 February 1959 Christian Democracy Fanfani II
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
Giulio Andreotti, ca 1987.jpg 15 February 1959 23 February 1966 Christian Democracy Segni II
Tambroni
Fanfani III·IV
Leone I
Moro I·II
Roberto Tremelloni
(1900–1987)
Roberto Tremelloni.jpg 23 February 1966 24 June 1968 Italian Democratic Socialist Party Moro III
Luigi Gui
(1914–2010)
Luigi Gui.jpg 24 June 1968 23 March 1970 Christian Democracy Leone II
Rumor I·II
Mario Tanassi
(1918–2007)
Mario Tanassi.jpg 27 March 1970 17 February 1972 Italian Democratic Socialist Party Rumor III
Colombo
Franco Restivo
(1911–1976)
Franco Restivo.jpg 17 February 1972 16 June 1972 Christian Democracy Andreotti I
Mario Tanassi
(1918–2007)
Mario Tanassi.jpg 26 July 1972 14 March 1974 Italian Democratic Socialist Party Andreotti II
Rumor IV
Giulio Andreotti
(1919–2013)
Giulio Andreotti, ca 1987.jpg 14 March 1974 23 November 1974 Christian Democracy Rumor V
Arnaldo Forlani
(1925–)
Forlani.jpg 23 November 1974 29 July 1976 Christian Democracy Moro IV
Moro V
Vittorio Lattanzio
(1926–2010)
Vito Lattanzio.jpg 29 July 1976 18 September 1977 Christian Democracy Andreotti III
Attilio Ruffini
(1925–)
Attilio Ruffini.jpg 18 September 1977 14 January 1980 Christian Democracy Andreotti III·IV
Andreotti V
Cossiga I
Adolfo Sarti
(1928–1992)
Adolfo Sarti crop.jpg 14 January 1980 4 April 1980 Christian Democracy Cossiga II
Lelio Lagorio
(1925–2017)
Lelio Lagorio.jpg 4 April 1980 4 August 1983 Italian Socialist Party Cossiga II
Forlani
Spadolini I·II
Fanfani V
Giovanni Spadolini
(1925–1994)
Giovanni Spadolini 2.jpg 4 August 1983 17 April 1987 Italian Republican Party Craxi I·II
Remo Gaspari
(1921–2011)
Remo Gaspari.jpg 17 April 1987 28 July 1987 Christian Democracy Fanfani IV
Valerio Zanone
(1936–2016)
Valerio Zanone.jpg 28 July 1987 22 July 1989 Italian Liberal Party Goria
De Mita
Mino Martinazzoli
(1931–2011)
Mino Martinazzoli.jpg 22 July 1989 27 July 1990 Christian Democracy Andreotti VI
Virginio Rognoni
(1924–)
Virginio Rognoni daticamera.jpg 27 July 1990 28 June 1992 Christian Democracy Andreotti VI·VII
Salvo Andò
(1945–)
Salvo Andò.jpg 28 June 1992 28 April 1993 Italian Socialist Party Amato I
Fabio Fabbri
(1933–)
Fabio Fabbri.jpg 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Italian Socialist Party Ciampi
Cesare Previti
(1934–)
Cesare Previti.jpg 10 May 1994 17 January 1995 Forza Italia Berlusconi I
Domenico Corcione
(1929–)
Domenico Corcione.jpg 17 January 1995 17 May 1996 Independent Dini
Beniamino Andreatta
(1928–2007)
Beniamino Andreatta 970307-D-2987S-022.jpg 17 May 1996 21 October 1998 Italian People's Party Prodi I
Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini
(1944–)
Carlo Scognamiglio.jpg 21 October 1998 22 December 1999 Democratic Union for the Republic D'Alema I
Sergio Mattarella
(1941–)
Sergio Mattarella cropped.jpg 22 December 1999 11 June 2001 Italian People's Party D'Alema II
Amato II
Antonio Martino
(1942–)
Antonio Martino 2001.jpg 11 June 2001 17 May 2006 Forza Italia Berlusconi II·III
Arturo Parisi
(1940–)
Arturo Parisi daticamera.jpg 17 May 2006 8 May 2008 Democratic Party Prodi II
Ignazio La Russa
(1947–)
Ignazio La Russa daticamera.jpg 8 May 2008 16 November 2011 The People of Freedom Berlusconi IV
Giampaolo Di Paola
(1944–)
Giampaolo Di Paola cropped.jpg 16 November 2011 28 April 2013 Independent Monti
Mario Mauro
(1961–)
Mario Mauro.jpg 28 April 2013 22 February 2014 Civic Choice/
Populars for Italy
Letta
Roberta Pinotti
(1961–)
Roberta Pinotti Portrait.jpg 22 February 2014 Incumbent Democratic Party Renzi
Gentiloni

See also[edit]

References[edit]