Italian Renewal

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Italian Renewal
Rinnovamento Italiano
Leader Lamberto Dini
Founded 27 February 1996
Dissolved 17 March 2002
Merged into Democracy is Freedom
– The Daisy
Ideology Centrism
Liberalism
National affiliation The Olive Tree
European affiliation European People's Party[1][2]
European Parliament group European People's Party – European Democrats[3]

Italian Renewal (Italian: Rinnovamento Italiano, RI), officially the Dini List – Italian Renewal (Lista Dini – Rinnovamento Italiano, LD–RI), was a centrist[4] and liberal[5][6] political party in Italy.

The party was a member of the European People's Party from 1998 to 2004.[7]

History[edit]

The party was founded in 1996 by Lamberto Dini,[8] the outgoing Prime Minister, along with former Christian Democrats, Liberals, Socialists, Republicans and Social Democrats. The party joined The Olive Tree centre-left coalition led by Romano Prodi. In the 1996 general election RI gave hospitality in its electoral lists to the Italian Socialists (SI), the Segni Pact (PS) and the Democratic Italian Movement (MID).[9] The Dini List won 4.3% of the vote, winning 26 seats at the Chamber:

The list also won 11 seats at the Senate:

After the election Dini became Minister of Foreign Affairs and Treu minister of Labour in the Prodi I Cabinet.[5]

In 1998 the party was admitted into the European People's Party and at the 1999 obtained 1.1% of the vote and one MEP, Pino Pisicchio.

In October 2001 the party joined the Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy (DL), an alliance of centrist parties which merged to become a unified party in March 2002. RI members in DL formed a faction within the party, named simply Renewal, consisting of around 10% of the party members. In 2007 several members of this association including Dini broke away from to form the Liberal Democrats upon DL's merger with the Democrats of the Left to form the Democratic Party.

Electoral results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1996 1,627,380 (#8) 4.3
36 / 630
Lamberto Dini
Senate
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1996 with Ulivo
11 / 315
Lamberto Dini

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1999 353,890 (#16) 1.1
1 / 87
Lamberto Dini

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniela Giannetti and Kenneth Benoit (edited by), Intra-party Politics and Coalition Governments, Routledge, Oxon 2008
  2. ^ "Rinnovamento italiano ammesso nel Ppe". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  3. ^ "Parlement Européen 1999". Europe-politique.eu. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  4. ^ Jonathan Hopkin; Piero Ignazi (2008). "New Governing Parties in Italy". In Kris Deschouwer. New Parties in Government: In Power for the First Time. Routledge. p. 48. ISBN 978-1-134-13640-7. 
  5. ^ a b Gino Moliterno, ed. (2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture. Routledge. p. 252. ISBN 978-1-134-75876-0. 
  6. ^ Maurizio Cotta; Luca Verzichelli (2007). Political Institutions of Italy. Oxford University Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-19-928470-2. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 51. ISBN 978-3-642-19414-6. 
  8. ^ Alan Friedman (27 February 1996). "Berlusconi Looks Like the Loser in Dini's Jump into Politics". The New York Times. Paris. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  9. ^ James J. Newell; Martin Bull (2014). "Party Organisations and Alliances in Italy in the 1990s: A revolution of sorts". In Martin Bull; Martin Rhodes. Crisis and Transition in Italian Politics. Routledge. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-135-22274-1.