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The Italian Riviera, or Ligurian Riviera (Italian: Riviera ligure; Ligurian: Rivêa ligure) is the narrow coastal strip which lies between the Ligurian Sea and the mountain chain formed by the Maritime Alps and the Apennines. Longitudinally it extends from the border with France and the French Riviera (or Côte d'Azur) near Ventimiglia (a former customs post) eastwards to Capo Corvo (also known as Punta Bianca) which marks the eastern end of the Gulf of La Spezia and is close to the regional border between Liguria and Tuscany. The Italian Riviera thus includes nearly all of the coastline of Liguria. Historically the "Riviera" extended further to the west, through what is now French territory as far as Marseille.
The Riviera's centre is Genoa, which divides it into two main sections: the Riviera di Ponente (“the coast of the setting sun”), extending westwards from Genoa to the French border; and the Riviera di Levante (“the coast of the rising sun”) between Genoa and Capo Corvo.
It is famous for its particularly mild climate and relaxed way of life which, together with the charm of its old fishing ports and the beauty of its landscape, has made it a popular destination for travellers and tourists since the time of Byron and Percy Shelley.
The part of the Riviera di Ponente centred on Savona, is called the "Riviera delle Palme" (the Riviera of palms); the part centred on Sanremo, is the "Riviera dei Fiori", after the long-established flower growing industry.
Places on or near the Italian Riviera include:
Events and festivals
- Carnevalöa - Carnival of Loano
- Barcalorata in Sestri Levante
- Sanremo in Fiore - Corso Fiorito - Carnival of Sanremo
- Euroflora in Genoa
- Festival della Scienza in Genoa
- Festival del Vento in Spotorno
- Festival della Mente in Sarzana
- Genoa International Boat Show
- Premio Paganini in Genoa
- Sanremo Music Festival
- Rallye Sanremo, the event was part of the FIA World Rally Championship schedule from the 1973 season to the 2003 season
- Classic Rallye Sanremo
- Riviera International Film Festival
- Milan-Sanremo annual cycling race
- Millevele in the Gulf of Genoa
- Regatta of the Historical Marine Republics in Genoa
- French Riviera
- Portuguese Riviera
- Gulf of Genoa
- Riviera (disambiguation), links to articles on other coastal areas known as "Rivieras"
Notes and references
- Baughan, Rosa (1880). Winter havens in the sunny South, a complete handbook to the Riviera. London: The Bazaar.
- Black, Charles B. (1887). The Riviera, Or The Coast from Marseilles to Leghorn, Including Carrara, Lucca, Pisa, Pistoja and Florence (Third ed.). Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black.
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Riviera.|