Italian Senate election in Lombardy, 1963
Lombardy elected its third delegation to the Italian Senate on April 28, 1963. This election was a part of national Italian general election of 1963 even if, according to the Italian Constitution, every senatorial challenge in each Region is a single and independent race.
The election was won by the centrist Christian Democracy, as it happened at national level. Eight Lombard provinces gave a majority or at least a plurality to the winning party, while the agricultural Province of Pavia preferred the Italian Communist Party.
The constitution reform of 1963 created dozens of new senatorial seats to improve the representation of minor parties, but the proportional voting system did not impose changes into the total number of local constituencies. The result was that the Italian Christian Democracy elected the major part of its nominees even if it was weaked by Amintore Fanfani's program to create a centre-left government with the Italian Socialist Party. If the DC paied its toll to the centre-leftist Liberal Party, which obtained great results in the bourgeois centre of Milan, the PSI lost votes to the Communist Party, and later it suffered a crisis losing his leftist wing, including senator Giuseppe Roda, which created the Soviet-aligned PSIUP.
The electoral system for the Senate was a strange hybrid which established a form of proportional representation into FPTP-like constituencies. A candidate needed a landslide victory of more than 65% of votes to obtain a direct mandate. All constituencies where this result was not reached entered into an at-large calculation based upon the D'Hondt method to distribute the seats between the parties, and candidates with the best percentages of suffrages inside their party list were elected.
|Italian Communist Party||910,939||20.7||10||4|
|Italian Socialist Party||780,648||17.7||8||1|
|Italian Liberal Party||400,831||9.1||4||3|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||300,841||6.8||3||1|
|Italian Social Movement||181,387||4.1||1||=|
Sources: Italian Ministry of the Interior
- No senator obtained a direct mandate. Please remember that the electoral system was, in the other cases, a form of proportional representation and not a FPTP race: so candidates winning with a simple plurality could have (and usually had) a candidate (usually a Christian democrat) with more votes in their constituency.
- Giovanni Lombardi for Cremona (38.1%) replaced Pietro Amigoni in 1963. Reason: death.
- Leonello Zenti for Mantua (36.2%) replaced Giordano Dell'Amore in 1963. Reason: incompatibility.
- Pietro Caleffi for Milan 5 (19.8%) replaced Bruno Amoletti in 1964. Reason: recount.
- Giovanni Celasco for Voghera (32.5%) replaced Daniele Turani in 1964. Reason: death.
- Dante Bettoni for Ostiglia (29.7%) replaced Enrico Roselli in 1964. Reason: death.
- Pietro Ferreri for Pavia (28.6%) replaced Noè Pajetta in 1966. Reason: death.
- Antonio Coppi for Milan 5 (13.0%) replaced Luigi Grassi in 1967. Reason: resignation.