Italian general election, 1865

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Italian general election, 1865
Kingdom of Italy
1861 ←
22–29 October 1865 → 1867

All 443 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Alfonso La Marmora.jpg Urbano Rattazzi-lookingleft.jpg Giuseppe Mazzini.jpg
Leader Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora Urbano Rattazzi Giuseppe Mazzini
Party Historical Right Historical Left The Extreme
Percentage 41.2% 35.2% 3.5%

Prime Minister before election

Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Right

Elected Prime Minister

Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Right

General elections were held in Italy on 22 October 1865, with a second round of voting on 29 October.[1] It was the second one in the history of Italy.

The race[edit]

The Historical Right was led by the former Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia, Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora, a long-time general who fought during the Italian unification.

On the other hand, the bloc of the Historical Left was led by Urbano Rattazzi, a liberal politician who was between the founders of the Italian left-wing parliamentary group.

In opposition to the two main blocs there were a third party known as The Extreme, a far-left coalition, under the leadership of Giuseppe Mazzini, an Italian revolutionary and a key figure of the Unification.

On 22 and 29 October, only 504,263 men of a total population of around 23 million were entitled to vote.[2] Right-wing candidates emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament with around 41% of the 443 seats.[3] They were largely aristocrats representing rentiers from the north of the country, and held moderate political views including loyalty to the crown and low government spending;[4] the general La Marmora was appointed Prime Minister by the king Victor Emmanuel II.

Parties and leaders[edit]

Party Ideology Leader
Historical Right Conservatism, Monarchism Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Left Liberalism, Centrism Urbano Rattazzi
The Extreme Radicalism, Republicanism Giuseppe Mazzini

Results[edit]

Summary of October 1865 Chamber of Deputies election results
Italian Parliament 1865.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Historical Right 41.2 183 −159
Historical Left 35.2 156 +94
The Extreme 3.5 15 +1
Unknown 20.1 89
Invalid/blank votes 12,888
Total 271,923 100 443 ±0
Registered voters/turnout 504,263 53.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
Historical Right
  
41.2%
Historical Left
  
35.2%
Independent
  
20.1%
The Extreme
  
3.5%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1049
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1082
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1028