Italian hip hop
|Music of Italy|
|Media and performance|
|Music media||Music media in Italy|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||"Il Canto degli Italiani"|
Italian hip hop started in the early 1990s. One of the first hip hop crews to catch the attention of the Italian mainstream was Milan's Articolo 31, then and still today produced by Franco Godi, who had written the soundtrack to the animated TV series Signor Rossi in the 1970s. The European Music Office's report on Music in Europe claimed that, in general, hip hop from the south of Italy tends to be harder than that from the north.
In the early 1980s, hip hop spread to Italy from Posse, especially in centri sociali, alternative centers where several left-wing young people regularly met, and where the extremely influential Italian hardcore punk was flourishing, from which the Posse movement inherited its social themes. The first star, however, was Jovanotti, who used rapping in otherwise traditional Italian pop. While Jovanotti was raised by the famous producer Claudio Cecchetto and quickly reached fame, in the underground Radical Stuff, in 1989, published the first Italian hip hop street video Let's Get Dizzy featuring lo Greco Bros.Also in 1989 Marko Von Schoenberg of Stone Castle Records in Italy produced Dre' n OG along with Andre Herring (now known as the King of Art) and Nathaniel Goodwin.Songs Ak-47,Got damn,Do beat and Spead your legs.In 1991 Posse movement produced first underground rap in Italian language: works such as Stop al Panico by Isola Posse All Star, a track against murders and violence in the street.
After two rapped commercials (for big industries such as fiat and big bubble) in 1993 Articolo 31 started out as a mainly East Coast rap-inspired hip hop duo, but (between 1998 and 2001) changed to a more commercial style and eventually evolved into a pop-punk crossover group. Articolo 31 however, had always been criticized for their connection with the traditional Italian pop-music market. In 1996 at Venice's hip hop festival, when they started their performance the others rappers left the stage, as a symbolic protest against them. In the next few years a dissing battle started between them and the zero stress crew (formed by Sangue Misto and Radical Stuff). Other important crews and rappers include Bologna's Porzione Massiccia Crew, Sangue Misto (project born from Isola Posse All Star), with their 1994 album Sxm, whose music have influenced all the Italian hip hop. Some of the most popoular Italian rappers are, Kaos One, Neffa, Sacre Scuole, Fabri Fibra, Colle Der Fomento, Otierre, Inokiness, Clementino, Noyz Narcos, Caparezza. In this last few years, two young rappers reached the peak of fame: Fedez and Emis Killa. In late 1990 in Rome the Death Rap Italian scene was born, with the above-mentioned Noyz Narcos and his Crew Truceklan and the project In the Panchine. In 2003 start the first Italian Horrorcore Project (Bodybagsprojekt) by DSA Commando from Savona (Liguria), renewing the old connection between Italian hip hop and the Italian hardcore; in 2013 they public a track (Spread the Infection) in collaboration with Gore Elohim (Goretex from Non Phixion). Other important foreign rappers linked with Italian hip hop are the Inglish Top Cat and Soul Boy, the American old scool writer Phase 2, Kurtis Blow, and the French Tandem.
- Stokes, Martin (2003). "Ethnicity and Race". In John Shepherd, David Horn, Dave Laing, Paul Oliver and Peter Wicke. Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Volume 1: Media, Industry and Society. London: Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-6321-5.
- "BBC News - Jovanotti in New York: Italy's first rapper moves to the home of hip hop". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "Hip Hop and Rap in Europe. The culture of the urban ghetto's". Icce.rug.nl. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "A Roman Rapper Comes to New York, Where He Can Get Real". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "Jovanotti Brings Italian-Style Hip-Hop to US | Public Radio International". Pri.org. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- Khan, Imran. "Dreadbeat: Italian Rapper Luche's "Chi Non Dimentica"". PopMatters. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- Joe Sciorra 's site about Italian Hip Hop
- Zero-plastica 's site hip hop underground from Italy genova
- Italian-based hip hop site supplying international exclusives (news, interviews, audios, videos, gallery)
- Italian Hip Hop Portal which includes a large database of Italian as well as International (mainly US) artists
- Brief overview of Italian Hip Hop
- Hip Hop Selection - Daily news and links about Italian and international Hip Hop
- List of Italian rapper