Italian local elections, 2012

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Italian local elections, 2012
Italy
2011 ←
May 6–7 and 20-21 2012
→ 2013

948 city mayors and councils
  First party Second party
  Bersani cropped.png Angelino Alfano EPP cropped.png
Leader Pier Luigi Bersani Angelino Alfano
Party Democratic Party The People of Freedom
Leader since 25 October 2009 1 July 2011
Votes 562,647[1] 420,503[1]
Coalition
Votes
1,006,195[2] 756,166[2]
Comuni 96[1] 33[1]

The 2012 Italian local elections were held on 6–7 May, with a second round on 20–21 May. In Italy, direct elections were held in 948 comuni: in each comune were chosen mayor and members of the City Council. Of the 948 comuni, 28 were capoluoghi and only 176 had a population higher than 15,000 inhabitants (10,000 for Sicily).

Citizens living in Italy who were 18 or over on election day were entitled to vote in the local council elections. The deadline for voters to register to vote in the 6–7 May elections was midday on Tuesday 3 April 2012.

For the first time there weren't provincial elections around Italy because they were abolished by the Law n.3660 of 4 December 2011. Instead of a president, the provincial government would be entrusted to a Special Commissioner until 31 March 2013.

Other elections were taken on 10–11 June with a second round on 24–25 June in 65 comuni of Sardinia: important cities like Alghero and Oristano chose their mayors and councils.

Total voter turnout on the first round was of 66.9%, lower than that of 2007; 667 municipalities in the first round had a mayor elected (except Sicily).

Voting System[edit]

All mayoral elections in Italy in cities with a population higher than 15,000 use the same voting system. Under this system voters express a direct choice for the mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition. If no candidate receives at least 50% of votes, the top two candidates go to a second round after two weeks. This gives a result whereby the winning candidate may be able to claim majority support, although it is not guaranteed.

The election of the City Council is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined proportionally.

Results[edit]

Total voter turnout on the first round was of 66.9%, lower than that of 2007; 667 municipalities in the first round had a mayor elected (except Sicily).

Party votes[edit]

Party votes in 26 capoluoghi:

Party Votes %
Democratic Party 248,909 16.29
The People of Freedom 176,983 11.58
Five Star Movement 105,488 6.90
Union of the Centre 75,782 4.96
Italy of Values 68,290 4.47
Left Ecology Freedom 46,943 3.07
Lega Nord 41,388 2.71
Totals
with others
1,528,047 100

City councils[edit]

City PD PdL M5S LN SEL IdV UDC Others
Alessandria 10 5 2 0 1 1 1 8
Asti 10 4 1 0 0 2 1 8
Cuneo 2 0 0 1 0 1 5 18
La Spezia 12 4 3 0 2 1 0 6
Genova 12 4 4 0 2 3 4 7
Monza 15 4 1 1 1 2 0 2
Como 10 3 0 1 2 0 0 10
Verona 6 1 2 5 1 0 1 17
Belluno 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 23
Gorizia 6 14 2 2 1 1 3 9
Parma 5 0 20 0 0 0 1 2
Piacenza 12 6 2 0 1 1 0 7
Lucca 10 2 1 0 1 1 1 11
Pistoia 14 5 2 0 1 1 0 6
Carrara 8 1 2 0 1 0 0 9
Frosinone 3 10 0 0 0 0 1 16
Rieti 7 3 0 0 2 1 4 14
L'Aquila 9 1 0 0 1 1 2 13
Isernia 3 6 0 0 1 3 3 14
Brindisi 6 3 0 0 2 0 3 14
Lecce 4 10 0 0 0 0 0 16
Trani 2 12 0 0 1 0 3 12
Taranto 7 1 0 0 2 1 2 15
Palermo 3 3 0 0 0 30 3 11
Agrigento 2 5 0 0 0 0 4 19
Trapani 3 5 0 0 0 0 0 22

Mayoral election[edit]

Major cities[edit]

Genoa[edit]

The election took place in two rounds: the first on May 6–7 and the second on May 20–21.

The main candidates were Enrico Musso, an independent politician supported by the main political forces of the New Pole for Italy (UDC, ApI and FLI), and Marco Doria, who was chosen as the candidate for the center-left coalition on 13 February 2012 via the coalition's primary elections. Other candidates were Pierluigi Vinai, supported by People of Freedom, and Edoardo Rixi from Lega Nord. Doria, who was supported by Democratic Party, Left Ecology Freedom, Italy of Values, Communist Refoundation Party and Greens and some civic lists, won on the second round.

The candidate of Beppe Grillo's party Five Star Movement, Paolo Putti, obtained near the 14% of the votes, and was narrowly failed to reach the second round. In Genoa, like in the other parts of Italy, conservative parties People of Freedom and Lega Nord were exceeded by Five Star Movement's candidate.

The tournout on the second round was one of the lowest in 2012 national election: only 39% of the voters went to vote instead of the 55% of the first round.

Genoa Mayoral Election Results 2012 [3]
Name Party 1st Round
(May 6–7)
 % 2nd Round
(May 20–21)
 %
Marco Doria Left Ecology Freedom 127,477 48.3 114,245 59.7
Enrico Musso New Pole for Italy 39,589 15.0 77,084 40.3
Paolo Putti Five Star Movement 36,579 13.8
Pierluigi Vinai People of Freedom 33,468 12.7
Edoardo Rixi Lega Nord 12,409 4.7

Verona[edit]

Verona was one of the few cities in which the election took place in only one round on May 6–7.

The popular incumbent mayor Flavio Tosi, supported by Lega Nord but in opposition to Umberto Bossi's political line, and for this reason untouched by the great economic scandal of his party, was elected with 57% of the votes, defeating Michele Bertucco, supported by the center-left coalition. The Five Star Movement's candidate defeat Luigi Castelletti, supported by Silvio Berlusconi's party People of Freedom.

Verona is traditionally considered as a stronghold of the conservative party Lega Nord but for the first time Tosi decided to run without the support of People of Freedom.

Verona Mayoral Election Results 2012 [4]
Name Party 1st Round
(May 6–7)
 %
Flavio Tosi Lega Nord 77,022 57.3
Michele Bertucco Democratic Party 30,555 22.8
Gianni Benciolini Five Star Movement 12,558 9.3
Luigi Castelletti People of Freedom 11,862 8.8

Parma[edit]

In Parma, after the resignation of incumbent mayor Pietro Vignali (PdL), Vincenzo Bernazzoli, supported by a center-left coalition, won 39% of the votes. Former mayor Elvio Ubaldi, supported by the New Pole for Italy, failed to get votes to run in the second round. The party of Silvio Berlusconi, who previously ruled the city was swept away, even surpassed by Communist Refoundation Party.

Federico Pizzarotti, the candidate of the Five Star Movement went to the second round, where he defeated Bernazzoli. This win for the new party over the center-left was probably aided by support from many center-right voters, who had no natural candidate to support in the second round. In addition, Parma is a college town and many students voted for Beppe Grillo's party.

Parma Mayoral Election Results 2012 [5]
Name Party 1st Round
(May 6–7)
 % 2nd Round
(May 20–21)
 %
Federico Pizzarotti Five Star Movement 17,103 19.5 51,235 60.2
Vincenzo Bernazzoli Democratic Party 34,433 39.2 33,837 39.8
Elvio Ubaldi New Pole for Italy 14,366 16.3

Palermo[edit]

After a five-months regency of a special commissioner, Palermo had a new mayor on 21 May, after the second round.

In March 2012 the former mayor Leoluca Orlando announced he would run as independent candidate as Major of Palermo at the elections in May 2012, after having unsuccessfully supported Rita Borsellino's mayoral bid in a controversial primary election won by his former protégé Fabrizio Ferrandelli. In the first round, held on 5 May 2012, he was the most voted candidate with 48% of votes despite being only supported by his own Italy of Values and a number of minor left-wing parties (Federation of the Greens and Federation of the Left). He took part in the final round against second-placed Ferrandelli and on 21 May he won the runoff with 72% of the vote.[6]

The center-right candidate received only the 12% of the votes.

Palermo Mayoral Election Results 2012
Name Party 1st Round
(May 6–7)
 % 2nd Round
(May 20–21)
 %
Leoluca Orlando Italy of Values 105,286 47.4 158,010 72.4
Fabrizio Ferrandelli Democratic Party 38,498 17.3 60,139 27.6
Vincenzo Costa People of Freedom 28,000 12.6
Alessandro Aricò New Pole for Italy 19,350 8.7

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Only in 176 comuni with a population higher than 15,000 inhabitans (10,000 for Sicily).
  2. ^ a b Only in 176 comuni with a population higher than 15,000 inhabitans (except Sicily).
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ "Orlando vince con il 70 per cento". La Repubblica (in Italian). 21 May 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012.