According to the Italian Constitution, the election must be held in the form of secret ballot, with the Senators, the Deputies and 58 regional representatives allowed to cast their votes. When the 1992 election was held, the Senate counted 315 members and the Chamber of Deputies counted 628 members; the electors were in total 1002. The election is held in the Palazzo Montecitorio, home of the Chamber of Deputies, with the capacity of the building being expanded for the purpose. The first three ballots require a two-thirds majority of the voters in order to elect a President. Starting from the fourth ballot, an absolute majority is required for candidates to be elected. The election is conducted by the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies, who has the authority to proceed to the public counting of the votes. The presidential mandate lasts seven years.
On May 25, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, the candidate endorsed by the Christian Democracy, was elected on the 16th ballot with 672 votes. His term officially started with a swearing-in ceremony held on May 28.