Italian presidential election, 1992

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Italian presidential election, 1992
Italy
1985 ←
May 13–25, 1992 → 1999

  Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 3.jpg Gianfranco Miglio 1960s.jpg
Nominee Oscar Luigi Scalfaro Gianfranco Miglio
Party Christian Democracy Lega Nord
Popular vote 672 75

President before election

Francesco Cossiga
Christian Democracy

Elected President

Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
Christian Democracy

The 1992 election of the President of the Italian Republic was held on May 13–25, 1992. As a second-level, indirect election, only Members of Parliament and regional deputies were entitled to vote. Oscar Luigi Scalfaro was elected head of state of the Italian Republic, a role of representation of national unity and guarantee that Italian politics comply with the Constitution, in the framework of a parliamentary system.

According to the Italian Constitution, the election must be held in the form of secret ballot, with the Senators, the Deputies and 58 regional representatives allowed to cast their votes. When the 1992 election was held, the Senate counted 315 members and the Chamber of Deputies counted 628 members; the electors were in total 1002. The election is held in the Palazzo Montecitorio, home of the Chamber of Deputies, with the capacity of the building being expanded for the purpose. The first three ballots require a two-thirds majority of the voters in order to elect a President. Starting from the fourth ballot, an absolute majority is required for candidates to be elected. The election is conducted by the Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies, who has the authority to proceed to the public counting of the votes. The presidential mandate lasts seven years.

On the first ballot, the three major parties have the following candidates : Giorgio De Giuseppe for the Christian Democracy, Nilde Iotti for the Italian Communist Party and Giuliano Vassalli for the Italian Socialist Party.

On May 25, after the murder of Giovanni Falcone, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, the candidate endorsed by the Christian Democracy,was elected on the 16th ballot with 672 votes. His term officially started with a swearing-in ceremony held on May 28.

Ballots[edit]

Candidate 10° 11° 12° 13° 14° 15° 16°
Giorgio De Giuseppe 296 284 257 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Nilde Iotti 183 182 245 256 249 235 233 214 3 2 -- -- -- 2 -- 4
Giuliano Vassalli 152 143 139 -- -- -- 3 -- 2 6 188 189 171 351 2 6
Paolo Volponi 51 51 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 50
Norberto Bobbio 26 25 25 23 24 25 31 6 6 9 -- 9 2 -- -- --
Antonio Cariglia 20 23 21 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Tina Anselmi 19 18 3 -- -- -- 3 18 18 19 15 18 17 4 -- --
Salvatore Valitutti 19 21 22 21 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Gianfranco Miglio -- 78 77 77 75 76 79 82 78 77 77 80 79 79 74 75
Alfredo Pazzaglia -- 48 47 49 51 54 3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Mino Martinazzoli 6 13 29 -- 6 3 2 2 -- 2 -- -- 6 3 2 --
Giovanni Spadolini 6 8 20 28 35 34 11 11 6 16 13 23 20 20 22 7
Emilio Colombo 5 9 17 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Arnaldo Forlani -- -- -- -- 469 479 6 -- -- -- -- -- -- 8 10 7
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 6 8 8 7 6 10 13 25 24 24 10 9 7 21 17 672
Guido Carli -- -- -- -- -- -- 19 20 13 -- -- -- -- -- 2 --
Roland Riz -- -- -- -- -- -- 12 13 12 -- -- -- 14 -- 13 --
Ettore Gallo -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 52 56 -- 68 192 52 51 --
Vincenzo Muccioli -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7 46 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Augusto Barbera -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 19 24 -- -- -- -- -- --
Francesco De Martino -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2 10 4 235 -- -- -- -- --
Giovanni Conso -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3 32 23 22 22 253 235 4
Aldo Aniasi -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 14 -- -- -- -- 20 --
Cesare Dujany -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 12 12 -- -- -- -- --
Paolo Borsellino -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 47 -- -- -- -- --
Leo Valiani -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2 44 3 36
Amintore Fanfani -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 12 -- --
Francesco Cossiga -- 2 -- 2 -- -- -- 2 -- 3 -- 2 4 -- 23 63
Giulio Andreotti -- 4 2 2 3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 8 11 6
Other candidates 29 23 32 13 5 6 23 40 40 74 17 32 35 51 55 23
Blank papers 45 46 32 31 71 76 216 175 300 257 25 159 35 33 397 38
Invalid papers 6 6 9 2 2 1 10 7 3 4 1 4 -- 12 4 11
Voting 869 991 981 511 993 994 664 625 642 635 663 614 606 936 941 1,002
Present 869 991 981 833 993 994 986 923 942 940 967 918 908 982 942 1,002
Source: Parliament of Italy