Italian submarine Lafolè
|Regia MarinaKingdom of Italy|
|Builder:||Odero Terni Orlando, Muggiano|
|Launched:||10 April 1938|
|Fate:||Sunk, 20 October 1940|
|Class and type:||Adua-class submarine|
|Length:||60.28 m (197 ft 9 in)|
|Beam:||6.45 m (21 ft 2 in)|
|Draught:||4.64 m (15 ft 3 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 diesel engines, 2 electric motors|
|Range:||3,180 nmi (5,890 km; 3,660 mi) at 10.5 kn (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) surfaced|
|Test depth:||80 m (260 ft)|
Design and description
The Adua-class submarines were essentially repeats of the preceding Perla class. They displaced 680 metric tons (670 long tons) surfaced and 844 metric tons (831 long tons) submerged. The submarines were 60.18 meters (197 ft 5 in) long, had a beam of 6.45 meters (21 ft 2 in) and a draft of 4.7 meters (15 ft 5 in).
For surface running, the boats were powered by two 600-brake-horsepower (447 kW) diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft. When submerged each propeller was driven by a 400-horsepower (298 kW) electric motor. They could reach 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) on the surface and 7.5 knots (13.9 km/h; 8.6 mph) underwater. On the surface, the Adua class had a range of 3,180 nautical miles (5,890 km; 3,660 mi) at 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph), submerged, they had a range of 74 nmi (137 km; 85 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph).
The boats were armed with six internal 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes, four in the bow and two in the stern. One reload torpedo was carried for each tube, for a total of twelve. They were also armed with one 100 mm (3.9 in) deck gun for combat on the surface. The light anti-aircraft armament consisted of one or two pairs of 13.2 millimeters (0.52 in) machine guns.
Construction and career
Lafolè was sunk by British destroyers HMS Gallant, Hotspur and Griffin off Melilla on 20 October 1940. Documents captured aboard her sister Durbo before she sank two days earlier that allowed the British ships to find and sink Lafolè.
- Chesneau, pp. 309–10
- Bagnasco, p. 154
- Rohwer, p. 45
- Bagnasco, Erminio (1977). Submarines of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-962-6.
- Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
- Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.