Italians in Germany
830,000 (with Italian ancestry) 596,127 (Italians citizens)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Berlin · Hamburg · Munich · Rhein-Ruhr · Frankfurt · Stuttgart · Cologne|
|German · Italian|
|Major Catholicism · Lutheranism · Others|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Italian people · Other European peoples|
Italians in Germany consist of ethnic Italian migrants to Germany and their descendants, both those originating from Italy as well as from among the communities of Italians in Switzerland. Over time most Italians moved from home to Germany for reasons of work. Some also left for personal relations, study, or political reasons. Today, Italians in Germany form one of the largest Italian diasporas in the world and account for one of the largest immigrant groups in Germany.
Large numbers of Italians have resided in Germany since the early Middle Ages, particularly architects, craftsmen and traders. During the late Middle Ages and early modern times many Italians came to Germany for business, and relations between the two countries prospered. The political borders were also somewhat intertwined under the German princes' attempts to extend control over all the Holy Roman Empire, which extended from northern Germany down to southern Italy. During the Renaissance many Italian bankers, architects and artists moved to Germany and successfully integrated in the German society.
With Germany's post-World War II economic boom (Wirtschaftswunder), a large wave of immigrants from Italy relocated to Germany. Italy and Germany have been joint members of the European Coal and Steel Community (later the European Economic Community). Since the establishment of freedom of movement for workers between the two countries in 1961, more than 580,000 Italians migrated to Germany for work, mainly from southern and north-eastern Italy.
Italians in Germany run a lot of businesses mainly in the following areas:
- restaurants, coffee shops and food markets
- retail and fashion
- art and media
- Mario Adorf, actor
- Johannes Agnoli, late scientist
- Marco Baldi, basketball player and manager
- Bernhard Bolzano, mathematician, logician, philosopher, theologian and Catholic priest
- Clemens Brentano, poet and novelist
- Lujo Brentano, economist
- Ferruccio Busoni, composer, pianist, conductor, editor, writer, and piano teacher
- Roberto Cappelluti, TV presenter
- Mandy Capristo, singer and songwriter
- Leo von Caprivi, general and statesman
- Rudolf Caracciola, racing driver
- Sandro Cortese, motorcycle racer
- Fader Gladiator, rap music producer
- Johann Maria Farina, perfumier
- Romano Guardini, Catholic priest, author, and academic
- Vittorio Hösle, philosopher
- Toni Landomini, rapper, better known as Toni L
- Giovanni di Lorenzo, journalist
- Bruno Maderna, conductor and composer
- Denis Moschitto, actor
- Marcello Pirani, scientist
- Franka Potente, actress
- Ingo Zamperoni, TV presenter and journalist
- Giovanni Zarrella, singer and TV presenter
- Johannes Augel - Italienische Einwanderung und Wirtschaftstätigkeit in rheinischen Städten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts - Bonn, L. Röhrscheid, 1971.
- G. Corni, C. Dipper - Italiani in Germania tra Ottocento e Novecento: spostamenti, rapporti, immagini, influenze - Bologna, Il Mulino, 2006, ISBN 88-15-10731-2.
- Marco Fincardi - Emigranti a passo romano: operai dell'Alto Veneto e Friuli nella Germania hitleriana - Verona, Cierre, 2002, ISBN 88-8314-179-2.
- Brunello Mantelli - Camerati del lavoro. I lavoratori emigrati nel Terzo Reich nel periodo dell'Asse 1938-1943 - Scandicci, La Nuova Italia, 1942.
- Claudia Martini - Italienische Migranten in Deutschland: transnationale Diskurse - Amburgo, D. Reimer, 2001, ISBN 3-496-02496-8.
- Edith Pichler, Ethnic economics: the Italian enterpreneurs in Germany, in: Chiapparino, F. (Hg.), The Alien Entrepreneur, Milano, S.54-82, 2011.
- Edith Pichler, 50 anni di immigrazione italiana in Germania: transitori, inclusi/esclusi o cittadini europei?, in: Altreitalie, International journal of studies on Italian migrations in the world, Nr. 33, S. 6-18. Torino, 2006.
- Edith, Pichler, Junge Italiener zwischen Inklusion und Exklusion. Eine Fallstudie. Berlin, 2010.
- Edith, Pichler, Dai vecchi pionieri alla nuova mobilità. Italiani a Berlino tra inclusione ed esclusione, in (a cura di) De Salvo, E./Ugolini, G./Priori, L., Italo-Berliner. Gli italiani che cambiano la capitale tedesca, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2014.
- 'A Warning Scream from Italian Art': Naples Museum Requests Asylum in Germany Der Spiegel 2011-02-07