Italy, Texas

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Italy, Texas
Downtown Italy, Texas
Downtown Italy, Texas
Motto: 
"The biggest little town in Texas"
Location of Italy, Texas
Location of Italy, Texas
Coordinates: 32°10′58″N 96°53′6″W / 32.18278°N 96.88500°W / 32.18278; -96.88500Coordinates: 32°10′58″N 96°53′6″W / 32.18278°N 96.88500°W / 32.18278; -96.88500
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyEllis
Area
 • Total1.80 sq mi (4.67 km2)
 • Land1.80 sq mi (4.67 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
571 ft (174 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,926
 • Density1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
76651
Area code(s)214, 469, 972
FIPS code48-37072[2]
GNIS feature ID1338518[3]
Websitewww.ci.italy.tx.us

Italy (/ˈɪtli/ IT-lee, unlike the country Italy) is a town in Ellis County, Texas, United States. Its population was 1,926 in 2020.[4]

The community was named after Italy by a settler who had visited the European country.[5]

History[edit]

Italy was founded in 1879 by colonizers who found the surrounding land suitable for growing cotton, corn, sweet potatoes, and wheat. The Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad reached Italy in 1890, with the railroad stop making the town an important market center. The population grew steadily, from 1,061 in 1900 to 1,500 in 1925, until the Great Depression sparked a decline lasting over three decades. The town began to see economic and population growth again in the 1970s, with the population rising to nearly 2,000 residents by the year 2000.[6]

Geography[edit]

Italy is located in southwestern Ellis County at 32°10′58″N 96°53′06″W / 32.182705°N 96.884967°W / 32.182705; -96.884967 (32.182705, –96.884967).[7] Interstate 35E crosses the northwest corner of the town at Exit 386; it leads north 15 miles (24 km) to Waxahachie, the county seat, north 44 miles (71 km) to downtown Dallas, and southwest 15 miles (24 km) to its junction with I-35W near Hillsboro. U.S. Route 77 passes through the center of Italy and parallels I-35E. Texas State Highway 34 leads northeast from the center of Italy 20 miles (32 km) to Ennis.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Italy has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all of it land.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890370
19001,061186.8%
19101,1498.3%
19201,35017.5%
19301,230−8.9%
19401,224−0.5%
19501,185−3.2%
19601,183−0.2%
19701,30910.7%
19801,306−0.2%
19901,69930.1%
20001,99317.3%
20101,863−6.5%
20201,9263.4%
Italy racial composition as of 2020[4]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 1,133 58.83%
Black or African American (NH) 234 12.15%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 8 0.42%
Asian (NH) 7 0.36%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 56 2.91%
Hispanic or Latino 488 25.34%
Total 1,926

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,926 people, 765 households, and 561 families residing in the town.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

The town is served by the Italy Independent School District, which includes Italy High School (Grades 7–12) and Stafford Elementary (Grades Pre-K–6), and the S.M. Dunlap Memorial Library.[11]

In 2009, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency.[12]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Italy has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[13]

Photo Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Moyer, Armond; Moyer, Winifred (1958). The origins of unusual place-names. Keystone Pub. Associates. p. 70.
  6. ^ Robert J. Haaser: Italy, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Italy town, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  9. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  10. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  11. ^ "Library". The City of Italy, Texas. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
  12. ^ "2009 Accountability Rating System". Texas Education Agency. Archived from the original on October 25, 2015.
  13. ^ "Italy, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[9][10]

External links[edit]