Itanhaém

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Itanhaém
View from the monastery of Itanhaém
View from the monastery of Itanhaém
Flag of Itanhaém
Flag
Coat of arms of Itanhaém
Coat of arms
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Itanhaém is located in Brazil
Itanhaém
Itanhaém
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 24°10′50″S 46°46′58″W / 24.18056°S 46.78278°W / -24.18056; -46.78278Coordinates: 24°10′50″S 46°46′58″W / 24.18056°S 46.78278°W / -24.18056; -46.78278
CountryBrazil
RegionSoutheast
StateSão Paulo
Metrop. regionBaixada Santista
Area
 • Total601.85 km2 (232.38 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2018 est.[1])
 • Total100,496
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-03:00 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-02:00 (BRST)
Postal code
11740-xxx
Area code+55-13

Itanhaém is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista.[2] The population is 100,496 (2018 est.) in an area of 601.85 km².[1] The elevation is 4 m.

Location[edit]

The name Itanhaém comes from the Tupi word itá-nha'ẽ, meaning the plate of rock. Some other tupinologists (people who study the ancient language Tupi, spoken by the natives back in the 16th century) believe itanhaém means, ita = rock - and nhaém = that cries; due to the rocky coast and the waves that constantly hit it.

Itanhaém was among the greatest tour destinations in the State of São Paulo, in the late-1970s. Located in the Southeastern Brazil, the region is surrounded by the tropical Atlantic Forest that shelters many tropical animals such as colorful birds named Saíra (many subspecies) and animals such as Onças (Brazilian Jaguars), Quatis and Saruês. Itanhaém has many beaches: Downtown beach (Centro or Boca da Barra), Fishermen's Beach (Praia dos Pescadores); Dream Beach (Praia do Sonho); Indians' Well Beach (Poço dos Índios), Peruíbe Beach (Praia do Peruíbe) and Seagull Beach (Praia da Gaivota).

Other beaches are located in Peruíbe, once part of Itanhaém's territory (20 km southwards) and in the Juréia-Itatins Ecological Station, the best preserved and biggest sanctuary of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil, sheltering endemic species such as the Red-tailed amazon (Brazilian Portuguese: papagaio-de-cara-roxa). Among some of the most popular places in Peruibe, there are the falls of Pereque and Paraiso (Paradise), both forming lakes and waterholes deep enough for a dive among pitus (freashwater shrimp) and lambaris (freshwater fish). The most popular beaches are the ones of Barra do Una (this one on the border of the Municipality of Iguape), Carambore, Desertinha, Juquia, Paranapua, Brava, Guarau and Little Guarau ou Guarauzinho; all of them very close to Itanhaém.

The most important river in the region is located in Itanhaém (Itanhaém River) and its tributary streams such as the Black and the White rivers make sinuous paths into the forest towards the foot of the Serra do Mar where there are many, if not hundreds, of waterfalls. Itanhaém can be reached in 1½ hours by car from the city of São Paulo (130,000 km²), the capital of the State of São Paulo.

The municipality contains part of the Tupiniquins Ecological Station.[3]

The city is served by Antônio Ribeiro Nogueira Jr. Airport

Population history[edit]

Year Population
2003 79,980
2004 85,294
2009 87,338
2015 96,222
2018 100,496

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (PDF). 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019. 2018 Estimates of Population
  2. ^ Assembleia Legislativa do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar Nº 815
  3. ^ Unidade de Conservação: Estação Ecológica dos Tupiniquins, MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-04-18

External links[edit]