Itapema

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Itapema
one of Itapema's beaches
one of Itapema's beaches
Flag of Itapema
Flag
Official seal of Itapema
Seal
Location of Itapema
Location of Itapema
Itapema is located in Brazil
Itapema
Itapema
Location of Itapema
Coordinates: 27°05′24″S 48°36′39″W / 27.09000°S 48.61083°W / -27.09000; -48.61083Coordinates: 27°05′24″S 48°36′39″W / 27.09000°S 48.61083°W / -27.09000; -48.61083
Country Brazil Brazil
Region South
State Santa Catarina (state) Santa Catarina
Founded April 21, 1962
Government
 • Mayor Nilza Simas (PSD)
Area
 • Total 59.022 km2 (22.789 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 45,814
 • Density 776,22/km2 (201,040/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.796
Website www.itapema.sc.gov.br

Itapema is a city in Santa Catarina, Brazil.

History[edit]

Colonization[edit]

The Azoreans already in the communities of São Miguel and Santo Antônio were responsible for the settlement of the bay of Porto Belo, where they helped found the parish of Porto Belo on December 18, 1824, later transformed into a village on October 13, 1832. The descendants of these immigrants, in the early 19th Century, populated the region of Itapema, giving its first administrative structure, on December 30, 1914, with the creation of its Police District.

It is known that in 1852, it was assumed that some 980 Portuguese and Azorean descendants already lived in areas of the current municipality of Itapema. This figure refers to the number of 51 mills of cassava flour and sugar. It was very common for families to have both types of mills. 

Demographic growth until the mid-nineteenth century was slow. From the end of this century, Itapema receives immigrants of German, Italian and Spanish origin who soon end up merging with the population of Azorean origin. These other peoples exercise little local cultural influence, since the festivities, such as the feast of the patroness - Our Lady of the Navigators - besides the games, such as Farra do Boi, Boi-de-Mamão and Cantorias do Terno-de-Reis and festivals of the Divine were brought and maintained by the Azoreans.

Names[edit]

The first denomination of Itapema was Vila de Santo Antônio de Lisboa or Tapera, term that was related to the model of their dwellings. Its economy was based on subsistence, being fishing on the coast, besides the planting of cassava and the production of flour, allied to the culture of other products such as corn, beans, coffee, rice and watermelon.

Evolution[edit]

During the district phase, Itapema was incorporated in the city of Camboriú, from 1923 to 1925. With the population growth in the first half of the twentieth century, as well as economic importance, Itapema falls within the conditions to be considered a municipality in 1962. On January 31 of that same year, the first mayor elected in Itapema, Olegário Bernardes, was elected.

Since the 1980s, there has been a significant growth in the country's housing sector. In line with what happens on a national scale, Itapema also presents an expansion of this sector, resulting in significant changes in the local landscape, linked to an acceleration of tourist flows, placing the municipality in the spotlight in the Santa Catarina scenario.

Geography[edit]

Itapema can be accessed from highway BR-101 and it is surrounded by a rocky coastline. It's located on the north-central coast of Santa Catarina state. The city has waterfalls and hill. The vegetation is composed by vegetation of restinga and Atlantic forest.

Buildings[edit]

Five hundred thousand square meters of civil construction projects were built in Itapema between 2003 and 2005.

Tourism[edit]

Itapema is the third most popular tourist destination in Santa Catarina. The beaches are the biggest tourist attraction and the Meia Praia, or Middle Beach of Itapema, is the longest. Itapema has six beaches: Canto da Praia, Costão, Meia Praia, Ilhota, Central and Praia Grossa.

Called as the Ultralight Fly capital, Itapema has annually the Ultralight Encounter is held in the city, the event is a success and attracts thousands of aviation fans. The Pilots Association of Itapema prepares several surprises for the day of the meeting, such as radical maneuvers, aircraft exhibitions, flight raffles, acrobatics, parachuting, aeromodelling, flying over the city, among other attractions.