The square Padre João Álvares, in the center of the municipality. In the background, the first church of Itaquaquecetuba can be seen.
Location of Itaquaquecetuba
|• Mayor||Mamoru Nakashima (PSDB)|
|• Total||82.62 km2 (31.90 sq mi)|
|Elevation||790 m (2,590 ft)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|HDI (2000)||0,744 – high|
Itaquaquecetuba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. The population is 352,801 (2015 est.) in an area of 82.62 square kilometres (31.90 sq mi). It sits at an elevation of 790 metres (2,592 ft).
The municipality was founded between 1560 and 1563 by Jesuits led by Father José de Anchieta, among native villages near the Rio Tietê, beginning with the Catholic chapel of Our Lady of Acute, which was established by Father José. The settlement saw little development, and was almost deserted by the early twentieth century. Until 1958 the city was a district of Mogi das Cruzes. Following the emancipation of the municipality that year, the first Mayor, Victorio Eugenio Deliberato, began a campaign of industrial development that had great geographic and economic impact on Itaquaquecetuba in the decades to come.
Today, Itaquaquecetuba is one of the 10 best Brazilian cities who had significant advances in challenges against inequality in the last 20 years, and has the second best GDP in the region.
The origin of the city dates back to Itaquaquecetuba of the twelve villages founded by the Jesuit priest José de Anchieta, in his long stay in Brazil. Its creation is due to the then president of the province, Bernardo José Pinto Gavião Peixoto, named village of Nossa Senhora da Ajuda, on September 7, 1560, being established in the River Tietê, to catechize the guaianases.
Law and Government
Itaquaquecetuba's City Hall is located at 267 Vereador José Fernandes da Silva Avenue.
The name is derived from its first form in Tupi takwakisé-tube, whose full meaning is "place of abundant bamboo sharp as knives".
The city is served by Line 12 of CPTM (Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos). The commuter rail system has 3 train stations: Engenheiro Manoel, Aracaré and Itaquaquecetuba. Local bus service is provided by CS Brasil and Intercity buses are also available connecting the city to Poá, Mogi das Cruzes, Guarulhos, Arujá, Santa Isabel, Ferraz de Vasconcelos, Suzano and São Paulo. Many bus companies operate such routes under permission of EMTU - Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos de São Paulo, a state-owned company.
Itaquaquecetuba is crossed by four highways:
- SP-56 Alberto Hinoto Highway
- SP-66 João Afonso de Souza Castellano Highway
- SP-70 Ayrton Senna Highway
- SP-21 Mário Covas Beltway
Colleges and universities
- University of Guarulhos
- Technical School of Itaquaquecetuba - ETEC
- State Technological College of Itaquaquecetuba - FATEC
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
- Lei Complementar nº 1.139, de 16 de junho de 2011
- Guia da Cidade de Itaquaquecetuba (Portuguese) Retrieved on June 2, 2012
- "Maiores e melhores cidades Brasil 2014 - AméricaEconomia".
- "História de Itaquaquecetuba". R7 (in Portuguese). Brasil Escola. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "Câmara Municipal de Itaquaquecetuba". Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- [http://www.emtu.sp.gov.br/emtu/itinerarios-e-tarifas/consulte-origem-e-destino/por-regiao-metropolitana.fss "EMTU | Consulte origem e destino - Por Regi�o Metropolitana"]. emtu.sp.gov.br. replacement character in
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- "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Institute for Veterinary Public Health. Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- (Portuguese) Itaquaquecetuba City Hall
|Guarulhos and São Paulo||Mogi das Cruzes|
|Suzano, Poá and São Paulo|