Itaquaquecetuba

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Coordinates: 23°29′11″S 46°20′55″W / 23.48639°S 46.34861°W / -23.48639; -46.34861

Itaquaquecetuba
The square Padre João Álvares, in the center of the municipality. In the background, the first church of Itaquaquecetuba can be seen.
The square Padre João Álvares, in the center of the municipality. In the background, the first church of Itaquaquecetuba can be seen.
Flag of Itaquaquecetuba
Flag
Coat of arms of Itaquaquecetuba
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Itaquá
Location of Itaquaquecetuba
Location of Itaquaquecetuba
Itaquaquecetuba is located in Brazil
Itaquaquecetuba
Itaquaquecetuba
Location of Itaquaquecetuba
Coordinates: 23°29′11″S 46°20′55″W / 23.48639°S 46.34861°W / -23.48639; -46.34861
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State  São Paulo
Government
 • Mayor Mamoru Nakashima (PSDB)
Area
 • Total 82.62 km2 (31.90 sq mi)
Elevation 790 m (2,590 ft)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 352,801
 • Density 4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0,744 – high
Website Itaquaquecetuba

Itaquaquecetuba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo.[2] The population is 352,801 (2015 est.) in an area of 82.62 square kilometres (31.90 sq mi).[1] It sits at an elevation of 790 metres (2,592 ft).

The municipality was founded between 1560 and 1563 by Jesuits led by Father José de Anchieta, among native villages near the Rio Tiete, beginning with the Catholic chapel of Our Lady of Acute, which was established by Father José.[3] The settlement saw little development, and was almost deserted by the early twentieth century. Until 1958 the city was a district of Mogi das Cruzes. Following the emancipation of the municipality that year, the first Mayor, Victorio Eugenio Deliberato, began a campaign of industrial development that had great geographic and economic impact on Itaquaquecetuba in the decades to come.[3][4]

Today, Itaquaquecetuba is one of the 10 best Brazilian cities who had significant advances in challenges against inequality in the last 20 years, and has the second best GDP in the region.[5]

History[edit]

The origin of the city dates back to Itaquaquecetuba of the twelve villages founded by the Jesuit priest José de Anchieta, in his long stay in Brazil. Its creation is due to the then president of the province, José Bernardo Pinto Peixoto Hawk, named village of Our Lady of Help, on September 7, 1560, being established in the River Tietê, to catechize the guaianases.[6]

Law and Government[edit]

Itaquaquecetuba's City Hall is located at 267 Vereador José Fernandes da Silva Avenue.[7]

Etymology[edit]

The name is derived from its first form in Tupi taquaquicé-tube, whose full meaning is "place of abundant bamboo sharp as knives".

Transportation[edit]

Train at Itaquaquecetuba Train Station.

Public Transportation[edit]

The city is served by Line 12 of CPTM (Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos). The commuter rail system has 3 train stations: Engenheiro Manoel, Aracaré and Itaquaquecetuba. Local bus service is provided by CS Brasil and Intercity buses are also available connecting the city to Poá, Mogi das Cruzes, Guarulhos, Arujá, Santa Isabel, Ferraz de Vasconcelos, Suzano and São Paulo.[8] Many bus companies operate such routes under permission of EMTU - Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos de São Paulo, a state-owned company.

Roads[edit]

Itaquaquecetuba is crossed by four highways:

  • SP-56 Alberto Hinoto Highway
  • SP-66 João Afonso de Souza Castellano Highway
  • SP-70 Ayrton Senna Highway
  • SP-21 Mário Covas Beltway

Climate[edit]

The climate of the city, and across the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, is Subtropical. Summer is largely slightly hot and rainy.[9]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

  • University of Guarulhos
  • Technical School of Itaquaquecetuba - ETEC
  • State Technological College of Itaquaquecetuba - FATEC

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  2. ^ Lei Complementar nº 1.139, de 16 de junho de 2011
  3. ^ a b Guia da Cidade de Itaquaquecetuba (Portuguese) Retrieved on June 2, 2012
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Maiores e melhores cidades Brasil 2014 - AméricaEconomia". 
  6. ^ "História de Itaquaquecetuba". R7 (in Portuguese). Brasil Escola. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Câmara Municipal de Itaquaquecetuba". Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "EMTU | Consulte origem e destino - Por Regi�o Metropolitana". emtu.sp.gov.br.  replacement character in |title= at position 59 (help)
  9. ^ "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Institute for Veterinary Public Health. Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 

External links[edit]