Itauguá

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Itauguá
City
Itauguá
Itauguá is located in Paraguay
Itauguá
Itauguá
Coordinates: 25°23′S 57°20′W / 25.383°S 57.333°W / -25.383; -57.333Coordinates: 25°23′S 57°20′W / 25.383°S 57.333°W / -25.383; -57.333
Country Paraguay
Department Central
Founded June 27, 1728
Founded by Martín de Barúa
Government
 • Intendente Municipal Miguel Angel Meza Acosta
Area
 • Total 122 km2 (47 sq mi)
Elevation 170 m (560 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 100,456
 • Density 1,090.84/km2 (2,825.3/sq mi)
Time zone -4 Gmt (UTC-4)
Postal code 2740
Area code(s) (595) (294)
Climate Cfa

Itauguá (Spanish pronunciation: [itauˈɣwa]) is a city of the Central Department, Paraguay. Founded in 1728, it's known by its peculiar art of the ñandutí and its music.

The San Rafael Museum shows various objects from the Colonial Age.

The National Hospital, one of the most important health institutions, is located in Itauguá.

Itauguá is about 30 kilometers away from Asunción. It was founded by Governor Martín de Barúa on June 27, 1728.

History and Toponymy[edit]

The architecture of the Colonial Age is still visible in the center of the city.

Its name is related to the Ytay stream, that flows through the land. So, "ita", which means "stone" in the Guaraní language, plus the suffix "gua", which indicates "belonging in Guaraní language".

Actually, Itauguá is denominated as the "City of the Ñandutí" because of its main artesian work, known by the similarity to the spider webs.

One of the most important cultural expressions is the "Ñandutí Festival" which has been attracting large audiences annually for over 30 years. The first edition was in June 1970. Great artists who have participated in the festival include Juan Cancio Barreto, Grupo Generación, Quemil Yambay, Vocal Dos, Oscar Pérez and his band, also the famous band of Juan Carlos Oviedo and the Acuña Brothers.

The city possesses a supply of drinkable water across Meetings of Environmental Reparation and does not possess sanitary sewer. It possesses, in addition, the polysport "Dr. Nicolás Léoz"

Demography[edit]

Itauguá has 89,449 inhabitants, from which 44,997 are males and 44,451 females, according to the General Office of Statistics, Polls and Census.

Tourism[edit]

Among the touristic attractions are the hills Patiño and Cerrito, the Virgen del Rosario Church, the San Rafael Museum, and the colonial houses built during the time of the former dictator Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia.

Climate[edit]

The climate is pretty fresh. The warm weather predominates with high temperatures during the spring and the summer.

Economy[edit]

Itauguá is characterized especially by the manufacture and sale of textiles of Ñandutí. This product is exported to many foreign countries. The tourists always show great interest in the ñandutí, considering it as an everlasting product which easily conquers international markets.

Neighborhoods and Companies[edit]

Here are some of its companies:

  • Aldama Cañada
  • Potrero
  • Virgen de Guadalupe
  • Guayaivity
  • San Antonio
  • Zeballos
  • Itaugua-Guazu
  • Mbocayaty
  • Cañada
  • Patiño

How to get there[edit]

You can get to the city of Itauguá following the Route 2. Coming from Asunción, there are many public buses which go to Itauguá. The route is thoroughly signalized.

Outstanding citizens[edit]

Itauguá is proud of its culture and music is one the popular passions of the municipality. Several representative artists of Paraguayan music have "cradle itagueña". Important people born in Itaguá include Félix Fernandez, known by his poems in Guarani, Vicente yankee Cardozo, Fernanda parranda Baez (consumidora de cocido) rocio, the writer Nicolás Cóppulo, and Juan Crisóstomo Centurión, hero of the Paraguayan War and outstanding politician during the postwar. The city is also a cradle of important artists and musical groups such as Vocal Dos, Evolucion and others.

Art and culture[edit]

The city celebrates intensely near the end of June to remember its foundation. The festivals attract the attention of other cities through dances, music and performances by folcloric bands.

Ñanduti[edit]

Ñanduti is a lace weaved with needles tailored in circular frames. This fabric gives a very delicate detail to many clothes and decorates. It is mandatory to get to Itauguá to hear the legend of the Ñandutí which is told with pride by the inhabitants.

References[edit]

  • Reportaje al País. Tomo 1. Edición 2001. Asunción Paraguay.
  • Geografía Ilustrada del Paraguay - ISBN 99925-68-04-6 - Distribuidora Arami S.R.L.
  • La Magia de nuestra tierra. Fundación en Alianza. Asunción. 2007.

External links[edit]