Ithaca Gun Company
|Predecessor||W.H. Baker Company|
|Founded||Ithaca, New York, United States (1880 )|
|Founder||Leroy Smith and William Henry Baker|
|Products||Shotguns and Rifles|
|Parent||Ithaca Acquisition, Inc|
Ithaca became famous for building firearms based on expired patents owned by Remington Arms. They also purchased patents from other firearm designers. In 1895 Emil Flues was granted Patent # 546,516, for a double barrel shotgun with only three moving parts per barrel. Ithaca bought the patent in 1907 and upgraded the design to allow for mass production. With the Flues designed Ithaca double, which became the best selling American double of all time with more than 223,000 produced between 1908 and 1926, Ithaca effectively drove Remington out of the double gun market.
Ithaca also produced the M1911 pistol during World War II and the M3 Grease Gun during Korean War, both for the United States military. Its 12-gauge shotguns were the standard used by the Los Angeles Police Department and New York Police Department, and even sold to the Royal Thai Army in the early 1980s to arm farmers against communist infiltrators. Its hunting shotguns were known for their fine decorative work, typically waterfowl or hunting dogs. In 1989, Remington purchased a design from Ithaca, the Mag-10 shotgun, which they produced as the SP-10.
Around 1877, brothers Lyman Cornelius and Leroy Smith went into business with William Henry Baker. They moved the W.H. Baker Company, which manufactured double- and triple-barreled shotguns, from Center Lisle, New York to Syracuse. In 1883, Baker and Leroy Smith left the company and moved to Ithaca and with, several partners established the original Ithaca Gun Company. The company was responsible for much of the early industry of Tompkins County, especially during World War I and World War II, and counted among its patrons John Philip Sousa, Annie Oakley, and Alfred Lee Loomis At the time Sousa was president of the American Trap Shooters Association and The Ithaca gun company named a top-of-the-line shotgun in his honor, the Sousa Grade. Annie Oakley used an Ithaca Flues model in her competition and exhibition shooting. In 1917, Alfred Loomis and his brother-in-law, purchased 17,000 acres (69 km2) of Hilton Head Island, which they established as a private hunting preserve and purchased Ithaca shotguns for use by guests. Dwight D. Eisenhower and George C. Marshall also owned Ithaca double barrel shotguns
The Lefever Arms Company (1883–1916) was a manufacturer of guns in Syracuse, New York founded by Daniel Myron LeFever (1835–1906) who was an American gun maker, popularly known as "Uncle Dan LeFever". He is best known as the inventor of the hammerless shotgun, first introduced in 1878. The company was in the business of gun manufacture until 1916 when they were incorporated with Ithaca Gun Company in Ithaca, New York who continued with the LeFever gun production until 1921. Although production of the LeFever Sidelock Model designed by Dan LeFever ended, the Ithaca gun company continued to use the LeFever name on Boxlock action double and single barrel guns, until 1941.
The original factory was located in the Fall Creek neighborhood of the city, on a slope later known as Gun Hill, where the nearby waterfall supplied the main source of energy for the plant. In later years, the company came under criticism regarding environmental pollution of Fall Creek, especially by lead, which led to a Superfund remediation effort. Various plans to demolish the derelict plant and to redevelop the land failed over the years, on account of the cost of remediation and community objection to construction proposals. The factory was condemned in March 2006 and only the smokestack presently remains. An apartment project has been proposed for the site. Despite having moved 6000 tons of lead-contaminated material between 2002 and 2004 at a cost of $4.8 million, it was still necessary to perform even more clean up at the superfund site in 2015.
The company was controlled by the Smith family until 1967, when it was sold to a Colorado company, Jerry Baldritch & Asso., which later, after buying 10X Clothing, Atlantic Dinghy, and American Fiberglass, became General Recreation, Inc. and in 1971(approx.) made a public stock offering on the NYSE. General Recreation encountered financial problems in the late 1970s, selling off all its subsidiaries except Ithaca Gun. After a failed attempt to move manufacturing to Colorado, it filed for Chapter 11 reorganization in December 1978, shuttering the plant on December 20 for several months. General Recreation filed for bankruptcy a second time in September 1985.
In 1987, new owners Ithaca Acquisition, Inc. moved manufacturing to King Ferry, New York. In 2005, it received a $150,000 development loan from Cayuga County, and in May of that year moved to larger facilities in Auburn. After being unable to facilitate an operational manufacturing facility in Auburn, the owners sold all of Ithaca's assets, trademarks, and manufacturing rights to the Marshalls from Upper Sandusky, Ohio. The physical goods were relocated to Floyd Marshall's 30+ years tool and die shop where all prints, programs, and processing were converted to CNC machine tools. Unable to secure state or local financing assistance with the startup conversion, the Marshalls were forced to sell the company. Dave Dlubak purchased the company in June 2007, and it continues to operate in Upper Sandusky, Ohio. It has undergone a revamp with newer manufacturing equipment, and still employs many of the people from Floyd Marshall's original staff.
- Associate Press (June 30, 1982). "Ithaca Gun Co. Has Thai Order". The New York Times.
- Johnson, Kirk (October 15, 2000). "Ithaca Journal; Sweet Fishing and a Gorgeous Gorge, if You Don't Mind All That Old Lead". The New York Times.
- Snyder, Walter (1999). The Ithaca Gun Company. Southern Pines: Cook & Uline. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-9629469-2-9.
- "Historical Overview of the Ithaca Gun Company". Retrieved 2008-06-23.
- O'Toole, Molly (November 28, 2007). "Gun Factory Building Has Hazardous History". Cornell Daily Sun. Archived from the original on November 22, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- Gleason, Anne (November 30, 2005). "125-year-old company sold off at auction". The Auburn Citizen.
- Recent Trade Developments. The Horseless Age - Volume 37, E. P. Ingersoll, New York. N.Y., - June 15, 1916. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- O'Toole, Molly (November 30, 2007). "Clean-up, Construction to Rejuvenate Ithaca Gun Site". Cornell Daily Sun. Archived from the original on November 22, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "EPA Finishes $4.8 Million Cleanup at Ithaca Gun". US EPA. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Reynolds, Nick (9 September 2015). "EPA to remove contaminated soil at Ithaca Falls". Ithaca Journal. Ithaca, NY. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Heff, Alan (January 23, 1979), "Sickler Named President of the Ithaca Gun Company", Cornell Daily Sun
- UPI (September 5, 1985), "Ithaca Gun, Parent Firm to Reorganize", Schenectady Gazette, p. 8
- Broach, Louse Hoffman (June 23, 2005). "Ithaca Gun loses buyer, closes its doors". The Auburn Citizen.
- Broach, Louise Hoffman (May 6, 2005). "Ithaca Gun reloads in Auburn". The Auburn Citizen.
- Ithaca Gun Company, 2013 Catalog, Page 4 (The Ithaca Gun Company: A Brief History) Retrieved 2013-09-01
- Snyder, Walter Claude. The Ithaca Gun Company: From the Beginning. Spencerport, N.Y.: Cook and Uline Pub, 1991. ISBN 0962946907
- Ithaca Gun Company
- EPA to Begin Site Work Preparation at Ithaca Gun Company Site
- Gun site cleanup raises concerns.
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