New York weevil
|New York weevil|
The New York weevil (Ithycerus noveboracensis) is a species of primitive weevil; large for weevils (12–18 mm), it is covered with fine bristles and has a regular pattern of light and dark spots. It occurs in the eastern United States and southern Canada.
This weevil is found in association with various plants of Fagaceae, Betulaceae, and Juglandaceae, in particular white oak and American beech. Adults feed on new growth and other soft parts, such as leaf petioles and buds. They lay their eggs in the ground, and the grubs then eat the roots of the same plants.
Though originally placed in Curculionidae, coleopterists have long agreed that Ithycerus belongs in a different family, as it does not have elbowed antennae, a characteristic of true weevils. It has been traditionally considered as the only species in its own family, Ithyceridae, but more recent classifications place it as the sole member of the subfamily Ithycerinae in the family Brentidae.
- Robert S. Anderson, "Ithyceridae", in Ross H. Arnett, Jr. and Michael C. Thomas, American Beetles (CRC Press, 2002), vol. 2
- M. Sanborne, "Biology of Ithycerus noveboracensis (Forster) (Coleoptera) and weevil phylogeny", Evolutionary Monographs 4: 1-80 (1981)
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