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Itsutsu no Kata
Sub classificationKodokan kata
Technique name
EnglishForms of five

Itsutsu-no-kata (五の形, "forms of five") is a kata (a set of prearranged techniques) in Judo. It consists in five techniques, known only by their number. Although popular media generally claim that it was developed by Jigoro Kano,[1][2] recent scientific research has conclusively shown that the kata predates the foundation of Kodokan judo and that Jigoro Kano took it from Tenjin Shinyō-ryū jujutsu and merely imported it into judo after he made minor amendments to it.[3] The kata is considered unfinished. However, a completed performance version of the kata, expanded to ten techniques, was recently presented under the name Tō-no-kata (十の形, "forms of ten").[4] The techniques of Itsutsu-no-kata are composed of gentle movements evocative of natural forces.


  • Ichi - direct concentrated energy - direct push
  • Ni - deflection - avoid and use Uki otoshi
  • San - circular energy or whirlpool - using form of Yoko wakare
  • Shi - action and reaction - as the sea sweeps clean the shore
  • Go - the void - using form of Yoko wakare


Mifune version


  1. ^ Jigoro Kano, Kodokan Judo, Kodansha International.
  2. ^ "ITSUTSU NO KATA" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 9, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
  3. ^ De Crée Carl, The Origin, essence, biomechanical foundations, and teaching and performance challenges of Itsutsu-no-kata [The Forms of Five] ―Kōdōkan jūdō’s esoteric sixth kata [Thesis]; Rome, Italy: University of Rome; 2012, pp. 1–423.
  4. ^ Ibid. pp. 257-276

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