Itu, São Paulo
Location in São Paulo state
|• Total||640.72 km2 (247.38 sq mi)|
|Elevation||583 m (1,913 ft)|
|• Density||260/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||BRT/BRST (UTC-3/-2)|
|Area code||+55 11|
Itu is an old and historic municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Sorocaba. The population is 167,095 (2015 est.) in an area of 640.72 km². The elevation is 583 m. This place name comes from the Tupi language, meaning big waterfall. Two rivers flow through Itu: Tietê and Jundiaí. Itu has five hospitals, eleven bank agencies and one shopping center, the Plaza Shopping Itu.
Itu was founded by the Portuguese in 1610 by Domingos Fernandes. It became a parish in 1653. In 1657, it was elevated to a town and municipality. It became a part of Brazil in 1822. It became a city in 1843.
Itu was the birthplace of the Brazilian Republic and has a renowned museum.
Itu became a famous town after "Simplicio" a well known Brazilian comedian, born in Itu, was made Tourism Secretary and to increase tourism promoted it as the "capital of large things". For example, the town square holds a giant 4mt high yellow phone-booth "orelhão". The Itu popsicle is about 30 cm (1 foot) tall. And a giant Christmas tree.
With the increase in domestic tourism the infrastructure soon developed to attract foreign visitors as well as international meetings, seminars and congress events. In 1999 and 2003 the Seventh Day Adventist Reform Movement held their international delegation session in Itu bringing people from over 80 countries to the city at each event.
Its climate is subtropical, temperatures varies from 16° and 22°. The summer is warm and dry, and the winters are moderately cold and dry.
It is located between the crystalline plateau and sedimentary areas.
According to the 2000 IBGE Census, the population was 136,366, of which 123,942 are urban and 11,424 are rural. The average life expectancy was 71.53 years. The literacy rate was at 92.53%.
The main roads passing through the municipality are:
- Ronaldo Mota Sardenberg (born 1940) is a Brazilian diplomat, at the United Nations (2003-2007), and politician
Sister cities - twin towns
Itu is twinned with:
Giant traffic signal. Itu is known as the capital of "large things"
- "Governo do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar nº 1.241, de 8 de maio de 2014". Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
- Curriculum Vitae Brazilian Mission to the United Nations, Retrieved on 2009-06-29.