Itzhak Perlman (Hebrew: יצחק פרלמן; born August 31, 1945) is an Israeli-American violinist widely considered one of the greatest violinists in the world. Perlman has performed worldwide and throughout the United States, in venues that have included a State Dinner at the White House honoring Queen Elizabeth II, and at President Barack Obama's inauguration. He has conducted the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, and the Westchester Philharmonic. In 2015, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Perlman has won 16 Grammy Awards, including a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and four Emmy Awards.
Perlman was born in 1945 in Tel Aviv. His parents, Chaim and Shoshana Perlman, were Jewish natives of Poland and had independently emigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine (now Israel) in the mid-1930s before they met and later married. Perlman contracted polio at age four and has walked using leg braces and crutches since then and plays the violin while seated. As of 2018[update], he uses crutches or an electric Amigo scooter for mobility.
Perlman first became interested in the violin after hearing a classical music performance on the radio. At the age of three, he was denied admission to the Shulamit Conservatory for being too small to hold a violin. He instead taught himself how to play the instrument using a toy fiddle until he was old enough to study with Rivka Goldgart at the Shulamit Conservatory and at the Academy of Music in Tel Aviv (now the Buchmann-Mehta School of Music), where he gave his first recital at age 10. He moved to the U.S. at age 13 to study at the Juilliard School with the violin teacher Ivan Galamian and his assistant Dorothy DeLay.
Perlman gained national attention when he appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show twice in 1958, and again in 1964, on the same show with the Rolling Stones. His performances on the show included pieces such as Rimsky-Korsakov's "Flight of the Bumblebee", Wieniawski's "Polonaise Brillante", and Mendelssohn's first violin concerto.
Soon after, Perlman began touring cities in the U.S. and Canada as a soloist, with sponsorship from the Zionist Organization of America, and quickly established himself as a leading virtuoso. He made his Carnegie Hall debut performing Wieniawski's Violin Concerto No. 1 in 1963 and won the Leventritt Competition in 1964. As a soloist, Perlman debuted with the London Symphony Orchestra in 1968, and at the Salzburg Festival with the Vienna Philharmonic in 1972. In the following years, he toured as a soloist worldwide.
In addition to an extensive recording and performance career, Perlman has continued to make appearances on television shows such as The Tonight Show and Sesame Street as well as playing at a number of White House functions.
Although Perlman has never been billed or marketed as a singer, he sang the role of "Un carceriere" ("a jailer") on a 1981 EMI recording of Puccini's "Tosca" that featured Renata Scotto, Plácido Domingo, and Renato Bruson, with James Levine conducting. He had earlier sung the role in an excerpt from the opera on a 1980 Pension Fund Benefit Concert telecast as part of the Live from Lincoln Center series with Luciano Pavarotti as Cavaradossi and Zubin Mehta conducting the New York Philharmonic.
On July 5, 1986, Perlman performed at the New York Philharmonic's tribute to the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty, which was televised live on ABC. The orchestra, conducted by Mehta, performed in Central Park.
In 1987, Perlman joined the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra (IPO) for its concerts in Warsaw and Budapest as well as other cities in Eastern bloc countries. He toured with the IPO in the spring of 1990 for its first-ever performance in the Soviet Union, with concerts in Moscow and Leningrad, and again in 1994, performing in China and India.
In 2015, on a classical music program titled The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center produced by WQXR in New York City, it was revealed that Perlman performed the uncredited violin solo on the 1989 Billy Joel song "The Downeaster Alexa".
While primarily a solo artist, Perlman has performed with a number of other musicians, including Yo-Yo Ma, Pinchas Zukerman, Jessye Norman, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Isaac Stern, and Yuri Temirkanov at the 150th anniversary celebration of Tchaikovsky in Leningrad in December 1990.
As well as playing and recording the classical music for which he is best known, Perlman has also played jazz, including an album made with jazz pianist Oscar Peterson, and klezmer. He has been a soloist in a number of film scores, such as the theme of the 1993 film Schindler's List by John Williams, which won an Academy Award for Best Original Score. More recently, he was the violin soloist in the 2005 film Memoirs of a Geisha along with cellist Yo-Yo Ma. Perlman played selections from the musical scores of the movies nominated for "Best Original Score" at the 73rd Academy Awards with Ma and at the 78th Academy Awards.
Perlman played at the state dinner attended by Queen Elizabeth II on May 7, 2007, in the East Room at the White House.
He performed John Williams's "Air and Simple Gifts" at the 2009 inauguration ceremony for Barack Obama along with Ma (cello), Gabriela Montero (piano), and Anthony McGill (clarinet). The quartet played live, but the music played simultaneously over speakers and on television was a recording made two days earlier due to concerns that the cold weather could damage the instruments. Perlman was quoted as saying: "It would have been a disaster if we had done it any other way."
He made an appearance in Disney's Fantasia 2000 to introduce the segment Pines of Rome, along with Steve Martin.
On November 2, 2018, Perlman reprised the 60th anniversary of his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show as a guest on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert.
In 1975, Perlman accepted a faculty post at the Conservatory of Music at Brooklyn College. In 2003, he was named the Dorothy Richard Starling Foundation Chair in Violin Studies at the Juilliard School, succeeding his teacher, Dorothy DeLay. He also teaches students one-on-one at the Perlman Music Program on Long Island, NY, rarely holding master classes.
The Perlman Music Program
The Perlman Music Program, founded in 1994 by Perlman's wife, Toby Perlman, and Suki Sandler, started as a summer camp for exceptional string musicians between the ages of 12 and 18. Over time, it expanded to a yearlong program. Students have the chance to have Perlman coach them before they play at venues such as the Sutton Place Synagogue and public schools. By introducing students to each other and requiring them to practice together, the program strives to have musicians who would otherwise practice alone develop a network of friends and colleagues. Rather than remain isolated, participants in the program find an area where they belong.
At the beginning of the new millennium, Perlman began to conduct. He took the post of principal guest conductor at the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. He served as music advisor to the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra from 2002 to 2004. In November 2007, the Westchester Philharmonic announced his appointment as artistic director and principal conductor. His first concert in these roles was on October 11, 2008, in an all-Beethoven program featuring pianist Leon Fleisher performing the Emperor Concerto.
Perlman plays the Soil Stradivarius violin of 1714, formerly owned by Yehudi Menuhin and considered one of the finest violins made during Stradivari's "golden period." Perlman also plays the Guarneri del Gesù 1743 'Sauret' and the Carlo Bergonzi 1740 'ex-Kreisler'.
Perlman lives in New York City with his wife, Toby, also a classically trained violinist. They have five children, including Navah Perlman, a concert pianist and chamber musician. Perlman is a distant cousin of the Canadian comic and television personality Howie Mandel. He has synesthesia and was interviewed for Tasting the Universe by Maureen Seaberg, which is about the condition.
- Tradition (1987)
- Duos (1987)
- Vivaldi: The Four Seasons/3 Violin Concertos (1992)
- Dvořák in Prague: A Celebration (Sony Classical, 1994, and Kultur Video, 2007)
- The American Album (1995)
- In the Fiddler's House (1995)
- Holiday Tradition (1998)
- Concertos from My Childhood (EMI, 1999)
- The Essential Itzhak Perlman (Sony Classical, 2009)
- Eternal Echoes: Songs and Dances for the Soul (Sony Classical, 2012) with Yitzchak Meir Helfgot
- Violin Sonatas (Universal Music Classics/Deutsche Grammophon, 2015)
- The Perlman Sound (Warner Classics, 2015)
With Andre Previn
- The Easy Winners (Angel Records, 1975)
- A Different Kind of Blues (EMI/Angel, 1980)
- It's a Breeze (EMI/Angel, 1981)
With Oscar Peterson
- Side by Side (TELARC CD-83341 1994)
Honors and awards
- Leventritt Competition – Winner
- 1977: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): Antonio Vivaldi: The Four Seasons
- 1978: Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance:Beethoven: Sonatas for Violin and Piano (w/ Vladimir Ashkenazy)
- 1978: Grammy Award for Best Classical Album: Brahms: Concerto for Violin in D
- 1980: Grammy Award: Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra): The Spanish Album
- 1980: Grammy Award: Best Chamber Music Performance: Music for Two Violins (w/ Pinchas Zukerman)
- 1980: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): Brahms Violin and Cello Concerto in A Minor (w/ Mstislav Rostropovich) (TIE)
- 1980: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): Berg: Violin Concerto/Stravinsky: Violin Concerto in D (TIE)
- 1981: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): Isaac Stern 60th Anniversary Celebration (w/ Isaac Stern & Pinchas Zukerman)
- 1981: Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance: Tchaikovsky: Piano Trio in A Minor (w/ Lynn Harrell & Vladimir Ashkenazy)
- 1982: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): Elgar: Violin Concerto in B Minor
- 1987: Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance: Beethoven: The Complete Piano Trios (w/ Lynn Harrell & Vladimir Ashkenazy)
- 1987: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): Mozart: Violin Concertos Nos. 2 and 4
- 1990: Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance: Brahms: The Three Violin Sonatas (w/ Daniel Barenboim)
- 1990: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): Shostakovich Violin Concerto No.1 in A Minor/GlazunovL Violin Concerto in A Minor
- 1995: Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra): The American Album—Works of Bernstein, Barber, Foss
- 1997: Elected member of the American Philosophical Society
- 2003: Kennedy Center Honors
- April 1980: Newsweek magazine featured Mr. Perlman with a cover story.
- 1986: Honored with the Medal of Liberty by President Reagan.
- 1992: Emmy Award: Outstanding Classical Program in the Performing Arts: Perlman in Russia
- 1994: Emmy Award: Outstanding Individual Achievement: Cultural Programming
- 1996: Emmy Award: Outstanding Cultural Music-Dance Program: Itzhak Perlman: In the Fiddler's House
- 1999: Emmy Award: Outstanding Classical Music-Dance Program: Itzhak Perlman: Fiddling for the Future
- 2000: Awarded the National Medal of Arts by President Clinton
- 2002: Elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 2005: Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement presented by Awards Council member Elie Wiesel.
- 2008: Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
- 2015: Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama
- 2016: Awarded the Genesis Prize by the Prime Minister of Israel.
- 2017: Subject of the documentary Itzhak directed by Alison Chernick.
- ^ a b c "Itzhak – Itzhak Perlman Biography". American Masters. PBS. October 4, 2018. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
- ^ "'I Woke Up and I Couldn't Walk': This is the Polio That should become Just a Memory". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
- ^ Lee, Ji Hyun (December 26, 2014). "How They Roll". The New York Times. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- ^ "Israeli Violin Prodigy Admits He Likes Jazz: But Doesn't Play It, Says Lad, 13, Who Overcame Polio to Become Noted Artist". Los Angeles Times. November 29, 1958. p. B1. ProQuest 167374800.
- ^ "Perlman, Itzhak". Oxford Music Online. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- ^ "Perlman, Itzhak Biography: Contemporary Musicians". Enotes.com. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- ^ Duration: 60 min. "Watch The Ed Sullivan Show Season 12 Episode 8 Itzhak Perlman / Carol Lawrence & Larry Kert / Film: Ed Sullivan Visits Jerusalem". Ovguide.com. Archived from the original on March 17, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- ^ Predota, Georg (August 31, 2022). "On This Day 31 August: Itzhak Perlman Was Born". Interlude. Retrieved February 27, 2023.
- ^ Predota, Georg (August 31, 2022). "On This Day 31 August: Itzhak Perlman Was Born". Interlude. Retrieved February 27, 2023.
- ^ "Itzhak Perlman". thirteen.org. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
- ^ "Liberty Receives Classical Salute, Sun Sentinel, July 5, 1986". Archived from the original on February 23, 2015.
- ^ "News releases for May 2007". whitehouse.gov (Press release). May 7, 2007. Retrieved September 4, 2007 – via National Archives.
- ^ Quartet pre-recorded Obama music. BBC News (January 23, 2009).
- ^ Norman Lebrecht (November 3, 2018). "60 Years On, Itzhak Perlman Reprises His Ed Sullivan Appearance". slippeddisc.com.
- ^ "The Perlman Music Program: Toby's Project Grows and Grows". Strings. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- ^ "Perlmans' Proteges: The Perlman Music Program". Strings. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- ^ "Perlman Student Stirling Trent". Strings. Retrieved October 1, 2011.
- ^ "The Daily Gazette – Google News Archive Search". Retrieved July 3, 2016.
- ^ "Cozio.com - comprehensive information about antique Italian stringed instruments". Archived from the original on August 25, 2012. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
- ^ Brownfield, Paul (June 21, 1998). "New Afternoon Arrival". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- ^ Seaberg, Maureen (2011). Tasting the Universe: People Who See Colors in Words and Rainbows in Symphonies. ISBN 978-1-60163-667-6.
- ^ "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
- ^ "Newsweek cover story 1980". Archived from the original on September 14, 2002. Retrieved March 25, 2008.
- ^ a b "Perlman awards". Archived from the original on September 14, 2002. Retrieved March 25, 2008.
- ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- ^ "2005 Summit Highlights Photo". 2005.
Itzhak Perlman, 2005 Academy guest of honor and legendary violinist and conductor, at Jazz at Lincoln Center.
- ^ "President Obama Names Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom". whitehouse.gov. November 16, 2015. Retrieved November 16, 2015 – via National Archives.
- ^ Phil Helsel – "Obama honoring Spielberg, Streisand and more with medal of freedom," NBC News, November 24, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- ^ "Genesis Prize". Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- ^ Verongos, Helen T. (March 8, 2018). "Review: 'Itzhak,' the Man and the Musician". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2018.
- Itzhak Perlman Primo Artists Archived May 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Itzhak Perlman at AllMusic
- Itzhak Perlman at IMDb
- Itzhak Perlman biography in the World Concert Artist Directory
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- "Itzhak Perlman Biography and Interview". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- PBS American Masters: Itzhak
- Itzhak Perlman interview on The Charlie Rose Show (video), August 9, 2010
- Itzhak Perlman question and answer session, March 19, 2011
- Itzhak Perlman & John Williams interview on The Charlie Rose Show (video), August 8, 1997
- The Perlman Music Program
- 1945 births
- Living people
- 20th-century American Jews
- 20th-century American male musicians
- 20th-century classical violinists
- 20th-century Israeli male musicians
- 21st-century American Jews
- 21st-century American male musicians
- 21st-century classical violinists
- 21st-century Israeli male musicians
- American classical violinists
- American male conductors (music)
- American male violinists
- American people of Polish-Jewish descent
- Angel Records artists
- Brooklyn College faculty
- Deutsche Grammophon artists
- Edison Classical Music Awards Oeuvreprijs winners
- EMI Classics and Virgin Classics artists
- Grammy Award winners
- Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners
- Honorary Members of the Royal Academy of Music
- Israeli classical violinists
- Israeli conductors (music)
- Israeli emigrants to the United States
- Jewish Israeli musicians
- Israeli people of Polish-Jewish descent
- Jewish American classical musicians
- Jewish classical violinists
- Juilliard School alumni
- Juilliard School faculty
- Kennedy Center honorees
- Leventritt Award winners
- Male classical violinists
- Musicians from Tel Aviv
- People with polio
- Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients
- Primetime Emmy Award winners
- United States National Medal of Arts recipients
- Wheelchair users
- 20th-century American violinists
- 21st-century American violinists