|Iulia Antoanella Motoc|
August 20, 1967 |
|Occupation||Judge at European Court of Human Rights, professor and lawyer|
Iulia Antoanella Motoc is a Romanian lawyer and international law expert now Judge at the European Court of Human Rights. Motoc is professor at the University of Bucharest. Before beginning her service at the Court, she served as a Judge at the Constitutional Court of Romania. Motoc was UN Special Rapporteur for the Democratic Republic of Congo,she chaired a number of international experts bodies and was Vice-President of the UN Human Rights Committee. On 1 October 2013, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe elected Motoc a Judge of the European Court of Human Rights with respect to Romania. She received an absolute majority of votes cast by parliamentarians. Her nine-year term of office began on December 18, 2013.
Early life and education
Iulia Motoc was born in Timisoara.She graduated from the School of Law at the University of Bucharest. Iulia Antoanella Motoc holds a master's degree from the Paul Cézanne University School of Law, Aix-Marseille(1991) a doctorate in international law from Paul Cézanne University( Aix-Marseille (summa cum laude) in 1996 an habilitation in law from Jean Monnet Department University Paris Sud(1998) in and a doctorate in ethics from the University of Bucharest, Department of Philosophy(1999). Iulia Motoc was fellow in philosophy to the Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, Vienna( 1999) and to the Yale School of Law( 2004-2007).
Iulia Motoc was magistrate in Romania, prosecutor and judge(1989-1995). In 1995 she passed the full registration examen for judges. In 1996 she was admitted as a lawyer in the Bucharest Bar. In 1995 he joined the University of Bucharest, as a teaching assistant, becoming a full Professor in 2002. She was member of the Presidential Commission for Analysis of the Constitution (2007-2008) and rapporteur for the chapter on human rights. Motoc was elected judge at the Constitutional Court of Romania in 2010. She held this position until she became a judge at the European Court of Human Rights.
UNCHR career and other international activities
Iulia Motoc became member of the United Nations Subcommission on Human Rights in 1996, first as an alternate and in 2000-2001 she served as a President of United Nations Subcommission on Human Rights. She has co-author the Working Paper on Free, Prior and Informed Consent of the Indigenous People which was incorporated in the UN Declaration for Indigenous People. Motoc was on the co-author of the UN Guidelines principles for Extreme poverty. She was the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Human Genome, author of the first reports of the United Nations in the field of genetics(2004-2007) She was UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights for the Democratic Republic of Congo(2001-2004). In this capacity she has visited the Democratic Republic of Congo in conflict area, She has reported on the massive violations on human rights quoted including by International Criminal Court Prosecutor. In 2003 the report of Iulia Motoc has stated "By their magnitude , the violations of human rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo cover all the violations contained in the articles of the Rome Statute of the ICC relating to genocide , crimes against humanity and crimes war. These provisions could constitute the legal framework of the violations found in the country, as these violations create a frightening picture of the situation of human rights in the most serious world." Iulia Motoc was elected member of the Advisory Committee for the Protection on National Minorities (1998-2004) and (2008-2012). She was member of the Fundamental Rights Agency of the European Union(2010-2012) Motoc was arbitrer with ICSID, Washington(2008-2014).
Iulia Motoc is Professor of International and European Law at the University of Bucharest since 2002. She was Director( Romania) of the European Master on Human Rights and Democratization, European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratization, Venise (2007-2015). Iulia Motoc was teaching at NYU School of Law(2002-2003) where she was Senior Jean Monnet Fellow. She has also taught at St-Thomas University in Miami (2001-2003) and she was Special Guest Professor at the European Academy oh Human Rights at the European Institute in Florence (2006). Iulia Motoc is Research Professor, Institute for Research in International and European Law, Sorbonne (2012-2014).
- The Influence of the European Court of Human Rights on Human Rights Regimes in Central and Eastern Europe in the Lecture Series of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law
- The impact of the European Court of Human Rights and the case-law of democratic change and development in Eastern Europe, editors Iulia Motoc and Ineta Ziemele, to be published at Cambridge University, 2016;
- Internationalist doctrines during real communism in Europe, UMR Comparative Law, Sorbonne, Society of Comparative Legislation Publishing House, 2012 (co-editor Emmanuelle Jouannet);
- Women's rights as human rights from universal to regional, University of Bucharest, 2009, (ed.);
- The International Law of Genetic Discrimination: The Power of "Never Again" in Thérèse Murphy (ed.), New Technologies and Human Rights, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009;
- Pleading for Human Rights, Centre for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, University Pantheon-Assas II, University of Bucharest Publishing House, 2008 (in French);
- Conception of Pluralism and International Law in E. Jouannet, H.R. Fabri V. Tomcievitz, ESIL procedures, Selected Procedures of European Society of International Law, What’s the use for *International Law, Hart, Oxford, 2008;
- State and Individual Responsibility: controversial aspects of the right to democracy, in The State’s Responsibility, Academy of International Law, Thesaurus Acroasium, Sakkoulas, Thessaloniki, 2006;
- The role of the UN Special Rapporteurs in relation to States, in Emmanuel Decaux, United Nations and Human Rights, Pedone Publishing House, Paris, 2006;
- About Democracy: Normative Challenges to the International Legal System, in S.Griller (eds.), International Economic Governance and Non-Economic Issues, Springer Wien New York, 2003 (co-author G.H.H. Weiler);
- Public International Law, University of Bucharest, 1996, reprint, 2002 (co-author) (in French);
Use of Force in Public International Law, Exceptions to Article 2*4 of the UN Charter in the practice of the Security Council, Babel Publishing House, Bucharest, 1997 (in French).
- National Order "Star of Romania" in the rank of Knight;
- Order of Saints Constantine and Helena;
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- K. Koufa, Preface, Pladoyer pour les droits de l'homme, Universite Pantheon-Assas Paris 2, Universite de Bucharest, 2008 ISBN 978-973-737-567-4
- Challenges in Aid to Rape Victims: the Case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- M BOSMANS - Essex Human Rights Review, 2007
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung on 19 June 2006
- S Zleptnig - International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 2008 - Cambridge Univ Press
- J Carino - Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law, 2005 – R McMahon - Transitions Online, 2005 - CEEOL