Iurie Leancă

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Iurie Leancă
Iurie Leancă Senate of Poland.JPG
9th Prime Minister of Moldova
In office
25 April 2013 – 18 February 2015
Acting: 25 April 2013 – 30 May 2013
PresidentNicolae Timofti
Preceded byVlad Filat
Succeeded byChiril Gaburici
Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
In office
25 September 2009 – 30 May 2013
Prime MinisterVlad Filat
Preceded byAndrei Stratan
Succeeded byNatalia Gherman
In office
27 July 2001 – 4 September 2001
Prime MinisterVasile Tarlev
Preceded byNicolae Cernomaz
Succeeded byNicolae Dudău
Personal details
Born (1963-10-20) 20 October 1963 (age 55)
Cimișlia, Soviet Union (now Moldova)
Citizenship Moldova
 Romania
Political partyEuropean People's Party of Moldova (2015–present)
Liberal Democratic Party (2009–2015)
Other political
affiliations
Alliance for Democracy and Reforms (1998–1999)
Alliance for European Integration (2009–2013)
Pro-European Coalition (2013–2015)
PRO Romania (2019–present)
Spouse(s)Aida Leancă
Children2
EducationMoscow State Institute of International Relations

Iurie Leancă (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈjuri.e ˈle̯aŋkə]; born October 20, 1963) is a Moldovan politician who was the Prime Minister of Moldova from 2013 until 2015. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration from 2009 to 2013 as part of the First and Second Filat Cabinet.

Early career[edit]

Iurie Leancă was born on October 20, 1963, in Cimișlia. His father is Moldovan and his mother Bulgarian.[1][2] He graduated from Moscow State Institute of International Relations and from 1986 until 1993, Leancă worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Between May and October 1989, he served as second secretary at the Soviet embassy in Bucharest, Romania, first secretary in the political department of the foreign ministry of the Soviet Moldavia (1989–1990), and counselor of Moldova's Ministry of Foreign Affairs specializing in European affairs (1990–1993).[3]

Before the revolutions in Eastern Europe in 1989, Iurie Leanca worked for the Soviet Embassy in Bucharest. Between 1993 and 1997, he was the Minister-Counselor at the Embassy of Moldova in Washington, D.C. Then, he was Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1998 to 1999 and First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1999 to 2002, in the Alliance for Democracy and Reforms cabinets and in the Vasile Tarlev Cabinet (1). Also, he was the acting Foreign Minister of Moldova from 27 July to 4 September 2001.

On 2 December 1998, in his capacity as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, he signed with the United Nations High Commissioner's Representative to Moldova, Oldrich Andrysek, a "Co-operation Agreement between the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Government of the Republic of Moldova".

Moldovan Communists received a blow when the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg ruled in favor of the Metropolis of Bessarabia in its case against Moldova, on December 13, 2001. On October 2, 2001 the ECHR heard the case, with Minister of Justice Ion Morei representing the Moldovan government and Vlad Cubreacov, a Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party deputy, representing the Bessarabian Metropolitanate. Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister Iurie Leancă took the fall, and, on January 6, 2002 resigned amid charges that he had failed to vet Morei's speech.[4] However, in 2009 Leancă stated that he had resigned following the formation of the Communist government.[5]

He worked as the Ascom Group deputy CEO (2001–2005, 2007–2009). Also he was a Senior Adviser to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe High Commissioner on National Minorities (2005–2007).

He was a member of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (PLDM) from 2009 to 2015. He was elected as MP in April 2009 election and July 2009 election.[citation needed] He resigned from the PLDM in early 2015, citing an insufficient commitment to pursuing pro-European reforms.[6]

Leancă was the vice-president of The Foreign Policy Association of Moldova (2005–2009).

According to the last polls made in 2019 on a pool of 1208 people by iData company related to the most appreciated politicians of the Republic of Moldova, Iurie Leancă was rated as the least trustworthy politician, while the most trustworthy was the president Igor Dodon[7][8]

Foreign and European Integration Minister[edit]

John Kerry and Iurie Leancă in December 2013.

Leancă was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign and European Integration in the Vlad Filat Cabinet.[9]

In a press conference on October 21, Leancă announced that official negotiations on the Moldova–EU association agreement would start on January 12, 2010.

He is married to Aida Leancă and has two children.

He speaks Romanian, Russian, English, French, Hungarian and Bulgarian.[10]

Prime Minister[edit]

He was appointed Acting Prime Minister on 25 April 2013 following the decision of the Constitutional Court of Moldova to prevent then acting Prime Minister Vlad Filat from being reappointed to the position he had held since 2009. In May 2013, Leancă was proposed by the PLDM as its candidate for Prime Minister. On 15 May, he was designated Prime Minister by the President Nicolae Timofti and invited to form a government. Negotiations continued until 29 May 2013, when the Pro-European Coalition between the Liberal Democratic Party, Democratic Party and a break-away faction from the Liberal Party the Liberal Reformist Party, was agreed upon. The new government received the support of the Parliament with 58 votes on 30 May and was sworn-in on 31 May.

European Parliament candidacy[edit]

Leancă will run in the 2019 European Parliament election in Romania as a MEP candidate for the Victor Ponta's recently founded PRO Romania party.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iurie Leanca, mai modest decat Vlad Filat? Premierul interimar a vorbit in bulgara la Taraclia
  2. ^ Iurie Leanca: Romania va fi vigilenta: numarul moldovenilor care primesc cetatenia romana nu va creste spectaculos
  3. ^ Brezianu, Andrei, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Moldova. The Scarecrow Press, Inc., Lanham, Maryland, 2000, 112.
  4. ^ ""Constitutional Watch. A country-by-country update on constitutional politics in Eastern Europe and the ex-USSR", East European Constitutional Review, Winter/Spring 2002". Archived from the original on 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
  5. ^ ""Moldovan Optimist", European Voice, 29 November 2009". Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  6. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Simona Mătieș, "Fostul premier Iurie Leancă a demisionat din PLDM", Evenimentul Zilei, February 26, 2015; accessed March 4, 2015
  7. ^ "Top trei politicieni în care moldovenii au cea mai mare încredere – sondaj", noi.md, retrieved February 13, 2019
  8. ^ "Partidele care ar ajunge in legislativ daca duminica viitoare ar avea loc alegeri parlamentare. Top trei politicieni care se bucura de cea mai mare incredere. Sondaj iData", protv.md, retrieved February 13, 2019
  9. ^ Guvernul Alianței pentru Integrare Europeană[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Romanian) Victoria Dumbravă, Iurie Leancă și Igor Corman au vorbit maghiara și germana în direct la TV, UniMedia, 4 February 2014. Accessed 4 February 2014
  11. ^ Livadari, Arina (27 March 2019). "Former Prime Minister Iurie Leanca will run for the European Parliament on the list of the PRO Romania party". Moldova.org.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Andrei Stratan
Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Natalia Gherman
Preceded by
Vlad Filat
Prime Minister of Moldova
2013–2015
Succeeded by
Chiril Gaburici