Iván Márquez

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Luciano Marín Arango
Personal details
Born (1955-06-16) 16 June 1955 (age 64)
Florencia, Colombia
Political partyFARC
ProfessionCommander of FARC
Nickname(s)Iván Márquez

Luciano Marín Arango, aka "Iván Márquez" (born 1955 in Florencia, Caquetá) is a Colombian guerrilla leader, member of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), part of its secretariat higher command and advisor to the Northwestern and Caribbean blocs. He was part of the FARC negotiators that concluded a peace agreement with the Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos.[1] On 29 August 2019, Márquez abandoned the peace process and announced a renewed armed conflict with the Colombian government.[2]

Early years[edit]

Marín Arango joined the Colombian Communist Party's youth wing in 1977. He later joined a support network for the FARC guerrilla group.[3]

FARC membership[edit]

Luciano Marín Arango, adopting the alias "Iván Márquez", became a political commissar for FARC's 14th Front in 1985.[3]

Patriotic Union career[edit]

As a result of peace talks with the Colombian government, Marín Arango became part of the leftist Patriotic Union (UP) party, coordinating the UP's activities in Department of Caqueta. Marín Arango first served as councilman and then as congressman in the Colombian Congress representing Caquetá.[3][4]

The UP party was subjected to persecution by different paramilitary groups, drug lords and death squads that saw the party as a threat as the political branch of the FARC.[4]

FARC commander[edit]

By 1988, Iván Márquez had left the UP and returned to FARC as block commander, overseeing activities in the departments of Huila, Caquetá and Putumayo.[3]

After the 1990 death of Jacobo Arenas, Márquez joined the secretariat, the highest command of the organization. During the mid-1990s, he was transferred to Colombia's northwest in order to reorganize FARC forces after paramilitary attacks.[3]

Recent documents obtained from the computer of slain FARC chieftain Ivan Rios revealed that he also led FARC's efforts to infiltrate universities and high schools. "Through the creation of two student federations, some academics and other secondary officials, and by the infiltration of already existing university movements" the FARC sought to penetrate centers of learning, [Colombian DAS intelligence director María del Pilar] Hurtado told Spanish news agency EFE. Colombian armed conflict.[5]

FARC negotiator[edit]

Márquez was a FARC negotiator during the 1999–2002 failed peace process between the FARC and the government of Andrés Pastrana.

Humanitarian exchange[edit]

In November 2007 Márquez was sent to Venezuela to meet with Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. At the time, Chavez was mediating between the government of Colombia and the FARC to agree on a deal to liberate the hostages held by the FARC and the liberation of some 500 guerrillas imprisoned by the government of Colombia, after years of combat in the Colombian armed conflict.[6]

US State Department allegations and bounty[edit]

According to the US Department of State, Márquez oversaw loading of planes carrying 600–1200 kilograms of cocaine and the receipt of money and automatic weapons as payment. The state department also alleges that Márquez established the FARC's policies for directing and controlling the production, manufacture, and distribution of hundreds of tons of cocaine to the United States and the world; the "taxation" of the drug trade in Colombia to raise funds for the FARC; and the murder of hundreds of people who violated or interfered with the FARC's cocaine policies and/or political agenda. The U.S. Department of State has offered a reward of up to $5 million for information leading to his arrest and/or conviction[7]


  1. ^ BBC news : Colombians celebrate as peace deal is reached with Farc rebels
  2. ^ ""Más del 90 por ciento de los ex guerrilleros de las FARC siguen comprometidos con el proceso de paz"". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2019-08-29. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  3. ^ a b c d e (in Spanish) ¿Quién es Iván Márquez?, delegado de las Farc ante el presidente Chávez[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b (in Spanish) El Tiempo: Ex ministro de Chávez, cerebro de la visita de las Farc a Caracas
  5. ^ "Las Farc le dicen a Chávez que sin un despeje militar en Colombia es imposible avanzar en el intercambio humanitario". Colombia Reports. September 17, 2008. Archived from the original on September 21, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
  6. ^ "Las Farc le dicen a Chávez que sin un despeje militar en Colombia es imposible avanzar en el intercambio humanitario" (in Spanish). Semana.com. November 8, 2007. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  7. ^ "Luciano Marín Arango". Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs-Narcotics Rewards Program. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-11-14.

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