Iva (plant)

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Iva annua (USDA).jpg
Iva annua
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Heliantheae[1]
Genus: Iva
L. 1753 not Fabr. 1759 (Lamiaceae)
Type species
Iva annua L.[2][3]

Iva is a genus of wind-pollinated plants in the daisy family, described as a genus by Linnaeus in 1753.[4][3] Plants of this genus are known generally as marshelders. The genus is native to North America.[5]

Accepted species[6][7]
  1. Iva angustifolia - southeastern + south-central USA (Texas Oklahoma Louisiana Arkansas Kansas Florida)
  2. Iva annua - USA, primarily south-central region; Tamaulipas
  3. Iva asperifolia - south-central USA (Texas Oklahoma Louisiana Arkansas Kansas Indiana), Veracruz
  4. Iva axillaris - western USA + Canada
  5. Iva cheiranthifolia - Cuba
  6. Iva ciliata - south-central USA
  7. Iva corbinii B.L. Turner - Texas[8]
  8. Iva dealbata - USA (Texas New Mexico), Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí)[9]
  9. Iva frutescens - coastal areas from Texas to Nova Scotia
  10. Iva hayesiana - California, Baja California
  11. Iva imbricata - coastal areas from Texas to Virginia; Bahamas[10]
  12. Iva microcephala - southeastern USA (Alabama Florida Georgia North Carolina South Carolina)
formerly included[11]


  1. ^ 187m.1. Asteraceae Martinov (tribe Heliantheae) subtribe Ambrosiinae Lessing, Flora of North America
  2. ^ lectotype designated by N. L. Britton et A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U. S. ed. 2. 3: 338 (1913)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Iva L.
  4. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 988-989 in Latin
  5. ^ Flora of North America, Vol. 21 Page 25 Marsh elder Iva Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 988. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 426. 1754.
  6. ^ The Plant List search for Iva
  7. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  8. ^ Turner, Billie Lee. 2009. Iva corbinii (Asteraceae), a remarkable new species from Travis County, Texas. Lundellia 12:5-7 includes color photo of type specimen and another of the plant in the field
  9. ^ Tropicos, Iva dealbata A. Gray
  10. ^ Tropicos, Iva imbricata
  11. ^ Flora of North America, Cyclachaena xanthiifolia (Nuttall) Fresenius, Index Seminum (Frankfurt). 1836: 4. 1836.

External links[edit]