Ivan Drach

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Ivan Fedorovych Drach
Ivan Drach.jpg
Ivan Drach in 2012
Native name
Іван Федорович Драч
Born(1936-10-17)17 October 1936
Died19 June 2018(2018-06-19) (aged 81)
Alma materTaras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
Political activist
Known forhuman rights activism with participation in the Soviet dissident movement and People's Movement of Ukraine
AwardsUSSR State Prize, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Hero of Ukraine, Shevchenko National Prize, Antonovych Prize, Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise

Ivan Fedorovych Drach (Ukrainian: Іва́н Фе́дорович Драч, 17 October 1936 – 19 June 2018) was a Ukrainian poet, screenwriter, literary critic, politician, and political activist.[1][3]

Drach played an important role in the founding of Rukh – the People's Movement of Ukraine – and led the organisation from 1989 to 1992.[1]


After finishing secondary school Ivan Drach did military service, after which from 1959 – 1963 he studied at the language and literature faculty of Kyiv University. At this time Drach visited popular in Kyiv the "Klub tvorchoyi molodi" ["Club for Creative Young People" (CCY)]. Drach took part in literary evenings where innovative poems were read. The creative way started in the period of Khrushchev thaw. He made his debut in 1961, when his poem-tragedy "Knife in the Sun" was published in the Kyiv literary newspaper. Ivan Drach worked in the newspapers "Literary Ukraine" and "Fatherland", as well as in the film studio O. P. Dovzhenko. After the start of Perestroika resumed contacts in dissident circles.Together with Vyacheslav Chornovil, Mykhailo Horyn and a number of other Ukrainian activists Ivan Drach created in 1989, the People's Movement of Ukraine, first official Ukrainian pro-reform organization. Ivan Drach was the first chairman of Rukh - September 8, 1989 to February 28, 1992. From February 28 to December 4, 1992, he was co-chairman of the NRU with Vyacheslav Chornovil and Mykhailo Horyn.

In the spring of 1990, Ivan Drach was elected to the Verkhovna Rada from Artemivsk (№ 259) constituency. For it voted 66.38% of voters.

After retiring from his high office in the NRU in late 1992, Ivan Drach finally retired from politics in 1994.

Drach has promoted the use of the Ukrainian language in Ukraine and whilst serving as the Ukraine's minister of communication proposed wide-ranging measures including setting quotas for Ukrainian-language broadcasts and tax breaks for Ukrainian publishing.[3][4]

At the last 29 March 1998 elections to the Verkhovna Rada member Ivan Drach NRU ran for parliament from Ternopil (№ 167) constituency and voting results (21.04% of the vote), the second time he was elected to Parliament. In the parliamentary elections of March 2002 Ivan Drach appeared in the Our Ukraine party at number 31. Thus, the third time he became a deputy. After a long dispute with the party leadership NRU Ivan Drach in March 2005 left the party and joined the Ukrainian People's Party Yuri Kostenko. In the parliamentary elections of March 26, 2006, he was number 14 on the electoral list "Ukrainian National Bloc of Kostenko and the Ivy". But the bloc lost the election, and Ivan Drach was not elected to Parliament.

From August 1992 to May 19, 2000 Ivan Drach was the head of the Ukrainian World Coordinating Council. Drach's other positions have included the chairmanship of the Ukrainian Intelligentsia Congress and heading the Writers' Union.[5][6] In 2006 Drach was awarded the title Hero of Ukraine.[7]

Ivan Drach died 19 June 2018 in Feofania Hospital, Kiev after a serious illness.[2] Drach has requested to be buried next to the grave of his son Maksym in his native village of Telizhyntsi.[2]


Poetry collections[edit]

  • Soniashnyk (The Sunflower, 1962)
  • Protuberantsi sertsia (Protuberances of the Heart, 1965)
  • Poeziï (Poems, 1967)
  • Balady budniv (Everyday Ballads, 1967)
  • Do dzherel (To the Sources, 1972)
  • Korin' i krona (The Root and the Crown, 1974)
  • Kyïvs'ke nebo (The Kyivan Sky, 1976)
  • Duma pro vchytelia (Duma about the Teacher, 1977)
  • Soniashnyi feniks (The Solar Phoenix, 1978)
  • Sontse i slovo (The Sun and the Word, 1979)
  • Amerykans'kyi zoshyt (American Notebook, 1980)
  • Shablia i khustyna (The Saber and the Kerchief, 1981)
  • Dramatychni poemy (Dramatic Poems, 1982)
  • Kyïvs'kyi oberih (A Kyivan Amulet, 1983)
  • Telizhentsi (1985), Khram sontsia (A Temple of the Sun, 1988)
  • Lyst do kalyny (A Letter to a Viburnum Tree, 1990)
  • Vohon' iz popelu (Fire from the Ashes, 1995)[1]

Movies screenwriting[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Drach, Ivan". encyclopediaofukraine.com. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
  2. ^ a b c "Помер Іван Драч" (in Ukrainian). Мистецький портал «Жінка-УКРАЇНКА». 2018-06-19.
    Ivan Drach, prominent Ukrainian poet, dies at 81, UNIAN (19 June 2018)
  3. ^ a b "Kiev or Kyiv: language an issue in Ukraine - CSMonitor.com". csmonitor.com. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
  4. ^ http://www.day.kiev.ua/266637/
  5. ^ "Russian President could at least bow his head respectfully? : UNIAN news". unian.net. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
  6. ^ Wilson, A. (1997). Ukrainian Nationalism in the 1990s: A Minority Faith. Cambridge University Press. p. 64. ISBN 9780521574570. Retrieved 2015-01-23.
  7. ^ "Про присвоєння І. Драчу звання Герой України – від 19.08.2006 № 705/2006". zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2015-01-23.