Ivan Kirillovich Elmanov (Russian: Иван Кириллович Эльманов) was a Russian inventor. In 1820 in Myachkovo village, near Moscow he built a kind of monorail described as «the road on pillars». The single «rail» was made of timber balks laying above the pillars. The wheels were set on this «wooden rail», while the horse-driven carriage had a sled on its top. This construction is considered to be the first known monorail in the world.
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- Izmerov, Oleg. "The Unknown Russian Monorail". izmerov.narod.ru. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
- «Пассажирские монорельсовые дороги», В. В. Чиркин, О. С. Петренко, А. С. Михайлов, Ю. М. Галонен. М., «Машиностроение», 1969 г., 240 с.