Ivan Fedyuninsky

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Ivan Ivanovich Fedyuninsky
Born (1900-07-30)July 30, 1900
Tugulym, Tobolsk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died October 17, 1977(1977-10-17) (aged 77)
Moscow
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Army
Years of service 1919-1965
Rank Army General
Commands held 42nd Army, 2nd Shock Army, 7th Guards Army
Battles/wars Russian Civil War
Sino-Soviet conflict (1929)
Soviet-Japanese Border Wars (Battle of Khalkhin Gol)
World War II
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin (4)

Ivan Ivanovich Fedyuninsky (Russian: Иван Иванович Федюнинский; July 30, 1900 - October 17, 1977) was a Soviet military leader and Hero of the Soviet Union (1939).

Biography[edit]

Fedyuninsky was born into a peasant family near Tugulym in the Urals. He finished the village school in 1913 and was apprenticed to a painter and decorator. He joined the Red Army in 1919. He fought on the Western Front in the Russian Civil war and was wounded twice. He studied at the Vladivostok Infantry School between 1923–24 and was appointed to an infantry regiment. He served in the Russian Far East between 1919 and 1940 fighting in the Sino-Soviet conflict (1929) and as a regimental commander in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, where he won the Hero of the Soviet Union for his valour. He was promoted to divisional commander in 1940.

He was commanding 15th Rifle Corps in 5th Army on 22 June 1941. After several other army commands, including 42nd Army in the Leningrad area, took over 2nd Shock Army just before the Battle of Narva (1944). From 1946 for a period he commanded 7th Guards Army.

After the war Fedyuninsky was deputy commander of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (1951–54), commander the Transcaucasian (1954–57) and Turkestan (1957–65) Military Districts. He was promoted to the rank of General of the Army in 1955 and was an inspector and advisor to the Soviet ministry of defence from 1965 until his death. He was also a deputy in the Supreme Soviet.

Ivan Fedyuninsky was awarded four Orders of Lenin, five Orders of the Red Banner, two Orders of Suvorov (1st and 2nd Class), two Orders of Kutuzov, Order of the Red Star, Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR (3rd Class), numerous medals, and a few foreign orders and medals.

Honours and awards[edit]

Soviet[edit]

Hero of the Soviet Union medal.png Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin ribbon bar.png Four Orders of Lenin
Order of Red Banner ribbon bar.png Five Orders of the Red Banner
Order suvorov1 rib.png Order of Suvorov 1st class and 2nd class
Order kutuzov1 rib.png Order of Kutuzov 1st class, twice
Order redstar rib.png Order of the Red Star
Order service to the homeland3 rib.png Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR, 3rd class
Defleningrad.png Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"
GuardRibbon.png Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR"
Defkiev rib.png Medal "For the Defence of Kiev"
OrderStGeorge4cl rib.png Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
Capturekoenigsberg rib.png Medal "For the Capture of Königsberg"
Caputureberlin rib.png Medal "For the Capture of Berlin"
Reclamining the virgin lands rib.png Medal "For Development of the Virgin Lands"
20 years of victory rib.png Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
30 years of victory rib.png Jubilee Medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
MilitaryVeteranRibbon.png Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
20 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "XX Years of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army"
30 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy"
40 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
50 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
Soviet 250th Anniversary Of Leningrad Ribbon.jpg Medal "In Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"

Foreign[edit]

Mongolia
Heroy MNR.jpg Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic
OrdenSuheBator.png Order of Sukhbaatar, twice
OrdenZnam.png Order of the Red Banner
Order of combat service rib.PNG Order "For Service in Battle"
Poland
POL Polonia Restituta Komandorski BAR.svg Order of Polonia Restituta
POL Virtuti Militari Złoty BAR.svg Gold Cross of the Virtuti Militari
POL Order Krzyża Grunwaldu 2 Klasy BAR.svg Cross of Grunwald, 2nd class
?
Cross Olshansky Province
German Democratic Republic
?
President of Gold Star
Patriotic Order of Merit GDR ribbon bar gold.png Patriotic Order of Merit in gold
Tuvan People's Republic
?
Order "Red Banner"
Czechoslovakia
Medal for Strngthening Brotherhood in Arms 1 kl.png Medal "For the strengthening of friendship in Arms", 1st class


Other awards

He is an honorary citizen of the cities of: the Volkhov University, Kingisepp, Tallinn, Bryansk, Karachev, Gomel, Choibalsan (Mongolia), Flomberha (Poland).

Sources and references[edit]