Buckingham County, Virginia
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1984 - 2004|
|Unit||372nd Military Police Company|
|Battles/wars||Operation Iraqi Freedom, Post-invasion Iraq, 2003–2011|
Ivan Frederick II (born 1966/67), called Chip Frederick, of Buckingham County, Virginia, is a war criminal and former Staff Sergeant in the United States Army. He was the highest in rank of the seven U.S. military police personnel who have been charged with torturing prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, all of whom were members of the 372nd Military Police company. He was the senior enlisted soldier at the prison from October to December 2003.
Prior to his deployment to Iraq, Frederick was a corrections officer at Buckingham Correctional Center in Dillwyn, Virginia. His wife, Martha, also works there. It was members of Frederick's family who gave the incriminating photos to 60 Minutes.
In 2004, Frederick pleaded guilty to conspiracy, dereliction of duty, maltreatment of detainees, assault, and indecent acts. He was sentenced to 8 years confinement and loss of rank and pay, and he received a dishonorable discharge.
He was released on parole in October 2007, after spending four years in prison.
- Zimbardo, Philip (2007). The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil. New York: Random House. p. 341.
- Dao, James; Lichtblau, Eric (May 8, 2004). "Soldier's Family Set in Motion Chain of Events on Disclosure". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "Detainee Abuse: Abu Ghraib Court Martial: Staff Sgt. Ivan Frederick, USA" Steven C. Welsh, Esq., CDI Research Analyst, October 26, 2004, International Security Law Project, Center for Defense Information
- Abu Ghraib figure paroled from Leavenworth, armytimes.com, 2007-10-01
- Zimbardo, Philip (2007). The Lucifer effect: How good people turn evil. Rider. ISBN 978-1-84604-103-7. Retrieved 2009-01-11.