Ivan Hlinka Memorial Tournament

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The Ivan Hlinka Memorial Tournament (also known as the U-18 Junior World Cup and formerly known as the Pacific Cup and the Nations Cup) is an annual event held each August for national under-18 ice hockey teams from around the world. Unsanctioned by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF), the tournament is not granted official status by the sport's governing body. The IIHF's official under-18 tournament is held annually eight months later.


Beginning in 1991, the competition was held in Japan for the first three years, as well as the fifth. In its first year, it was known as the Phoenix Cup, after which the Pacific Cup moniker was adopted (with the exception of 1994, when Mexico served as the host country and the tournament was known as La Copa Mexico). In 1996, the tournament was held in Canada for the first and only time. Beginning the following year, Slovakia and the Czech Republic began alternating as hosts, while the tournament became known as the Nations Cup. Between 1997 and 2002, the tournament grew from three participating nations to eight. Starting in 2003, Slovakia and the Czech Republic began co-hosting annually. The competition's current namesake, Ivan Hlinka, was one of the first superstars in Czechoslovak hockey – both domestically and internationally. The U-18 Junior World Cup took on its current name in 2007, after Hlinka's death three years prior.

Historically, the tournament has been dominated by Canada; over 26 years, the country has won 20 times and medalled in each year except 2003, 2007, and 2016. As the IIHF's tournament conflicts with the Canadian Hockey League (CHL)'s playoff season, the Ivan Hlinka Memorial Tournament is the only competition of the two to which Canada is able to send its best under-18 team.


Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1991  Soviet Union  Canada  United States Sapporo / Yokohama
1992  Canada  Russia  Japan Tokyo
1993  Russia  United States  Canada Yokohama
1994  Canada  United States  Russia Mexico City
1995  Russia  Canada  United States Yokohama
1996  Canada  United States  Finland Nelson / Castlegar, British Columbia
1997  Canada  Czech Republic  Slovakia Jihlava / Žďár nad Sázavou / Znojmo
1998  Canada  Czech Republic  Slovakia Bratislava
1999  Canada  United States  Czech Republic Havlíčkův Brod / Třebíč / Znojmo
2000  Canada  United States  Czech Republic Kežmarok
2001  Canada  Czech Republic  Russia Kolín / Mladá Boleslav / Nymburk
2002  Canada  Czech Republic  Russia Břeclav / Piešťany
2003  United States  Russia  Czech Republic Břeclav / Piešťany
2004  Canada  Czech Republic  Sweden Břeclav / Hodonín / Piešťany
2005  Canada  Czech Republic  Finland Břeclav / Piešťany
2006  Canada  United States  Russia Břeclav / Piešťany
2007  Sweden  Finland  Russia Hodonín / Piešťany
2008  Canada  Russia  Sweden Hodonín / Piešťany
2009  Canada  Russia  Sweden Břeclav / Hodonín / Piešťany
2010  Canada  United States  Sweden Břeclav / Piešťany
2011  Canada  Sweden  Russia Břeclav / Piešťany
2012  Canada  Finland  Sweden Břeclav / Piešťany
2013  Canada  United States  Czech Republic Břeclav / Piešťany
2014  Canada  Czech Republic  United States Břeclav / Piešťany
2015  Canada  Sweden  Russia Břeclav / Bratislava
2016  Czech Republic  United States  Russia Břeclav / Bratislava
2017  Canada  Czech Republic  Sweden Břeclav / Bratislava

Medal leaders[edit]

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
 Canada 21 2 1 24
 Russia /  Soviet Union 3 4 8 15
 United States 1 9 3 13
 Czech Republic 1 8 4 13
 Sweden 1 2 6 9
 Finland 0 2 2 4
 Slovakia 0 0 2 2
 Japan 0 0 1 1

External links[edit]