Ivan Mikhailovich Simonov

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Ivan Mikhailovich Simonov
Simonov Ivan Mikh-ch astronomer c1850.jpg
Born June 20 (July 1), 1794
Gorokhovets, Russian Empire
Died Jan. 10 (22), 1855
Nationality Russian
Fields Astronomy
Institutions Kazan State University

Ivan Mikhailovich Simonov (1794-1855)[1][2] was a Russian astronomer and a geodesist.


He completed his studies and became a professor of physics at Kazan State University in 1816[3] where he was a close friend of Nikolai Lobachevsky.[2] He was a corresponding member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences from 1829 and later went on to become the rector of Kazan State University in 1846.[1]

From 1819 to 1821 he took part in and wrote a detailed account of F. F. Bellingshausen and M. P. La-zarev’s expedition around the world, during which the continent of Antarctica was discovered.
Among Simonov’s contributions are his many astronomical observations, the development of methods for such observations, and the design of a reflector. Simonov was among the first in Russia to study terrestrial magnetism. On his initiative two observatories were established in Kazan: an astronomical observatory in 1833 and an observatory for the study of magnetism in 1843. Simonov Island (Tuvana-I-Tholo) in the South Pacific and the northeastern cape of Peter I Island were named in Simonov’s honor.[3]


  1. ^ a b Glynn Barratt (1 January 1988). The Russians and Australia. UBC Press. pp. 146–. ISBN 978-0-7748-4316-4. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b N. Nikolaĭ Ivanovich Lobachevskiĭ (1 January 2010). Pangeometry. European Mathematical Society. pp. 213–. ISBN 978-3-03719-087-6. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Simonov, Ivan Mikhailovich". The Great Soviet Encyclopedia.