Ivan Mitford-Barberton

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Ivan Mitford-Barberton
Born(1896-02-01)1 February 1896
Died9 June 1976(1976-06-09) (aged 80)
OccupationSculptor and writer
Notable work
The Mutual Building, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital

Ivan Mitford-Barberton (1896 - 1976) was a sculptor,[2] writer and authority on heraldry.

Early life and education[edit]

Mitford-Barberton was born in Somerset East, in South Africa, in 1896. He was a descendant of several 1820 Settler families. His grandmother was the naturalist, Mary Elizabeth Barber. He did his schooling at St. Andrew's College, Grahamstown.[a] In 1912 his family moved to Kenya,[3] where he encountered African and Arab subjects that later formed an important theme in his work.[4] From 1915 to 1918 he served as a soldier in East Africa. From 1919 to 1922 he studied at the Grahamstown School of Art,[citation needed] and from 1923 at the Royal College of Art in London, under Henry Moore and Derwent Wood. He returned to Kenya in 1927 and set up a studio there. Mitford-Barberton was an active member of the South African Society of Arts and taught art at the Michaelis School of Fine Art in Cape Town.

Works[edit]

Leopard Memorial, Hout Bay

He designed the monument of Jock of the Bushveld[5] in Barberton, a place that was co-founded by his ancestors. The bronze statue of a leopard in Hout Bay,[6] where he lived, is his work. The sculpture of Peter Pan at the Red Cross Children's Hospital in Cape Town was done by Mitford-Barberton[7]

In the 1930s he designed parts of the exterior and the interior decoration of Mutual Building, in Cape Town, the then highest building in Africa 91 metres (299 ft) (excluding the Pyramids of Giza). The exterior is equipped with a 120-metre (390 ft) granite frieze and with nine 4-metre-high (13 ft) figures.

Mitford-Barberton designed the stucco reliefs that were placed in the pediments of the neo-baroque public buildings of Tongaat and Maidstone in Kwa-Zulu Natal. These reliefs were an emulation of the eighteenth-century work in the Cape of the noted sculptor Anton Anreith and his colleague, the architect Louis Thibault. Where Anreith and Thibault modelled Palladian figures drawn from classical mythology, Mitford-Barberton designed groupings of plantation workers, and allusions to the Saunders family, founders of the Tongaat Sugar Company. Mitford-Barberton also undertook freestanding sculptures for public spaces and garden features on the Tongaat estate.[8]

Miford-Barberton created the sculpture of the Settler family at the 1820 Settlers National Monument in Grahamstown.[9]

Statue of a Settler family at the 1820 Settlers National Monument
Statue of a Settler family at the 1820 Settlers National Monument

From 1947 to 1961, Mitford-Barberton was a member of the Royal Society of British Sculptors, 1957-1961 a Fellow of the Society and a member of the Theosophical Lodge Cape Town.

Mitford-Barberton was a prominent figure in the field of heraldry.[10][11] In 1947, the Cape Provincial Administration commissioned him to prepare a display of municipal coats of arms for the visit of King George VI. Shortly afterwards, the administration asked municipalities to have their arms checked, and if necessary, re-designed, by Mitford-Barberton, to improve heraldic quality.[12] As a result, he designed dozens of municipal coats of arms, some of them in collaboration with H. Ellis Tomlinson (in England). In 1956, he addressed the Institute of Town Clerks of Southern Africa on the subject.[13]

He was a founder member of the Heraldry Society of Southern Africa in 1953. He was a member of the Heraldry Council from 1963 to 1972.

Ivan Mitford-Barberton wrote several books on the history of his family and the 1820 Settlers. He was married twice and had five children, three sons and two daughters.

Publications[edit]

  • Ivan Mitford-Barberton, sculptor. Bailey Bros. & Swinfen. 1962.
  • Some frontier families: biographical sketches of 100 Eastern Province families before 1840. Human and Rousseau. 1969. with Violet White
  • Comdt. Holden Bowker. Human & Rousseau. 1970.
  • Barbers of the Peak: A History of the Barber, Atherstone, and Bowker Families. University Press. 1934.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Ivan Mitford-Barberton is listed as Barber, Ivan Gray in the Register of S. Andrew's College, Grahamstown, from 1855 to 1914 (Laurie 1914, p. 62)
  1. ^ "Ivan Mitford-Barberton, teacher of art at the Michaelis School of Art in Cape Town and sculptor of several monuments in South Africa". South African History Online. Retrieved 2014-12-20.
  2. ^ Afọlayan 2004, p. 134.
  3. ^ Governor of Kenya 1923, p. 774.
  4. ^ "Ivan Mitford-Barberton", Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951, University of Glasgow History of Art and HATII, 2011, retrieved 2014-10-03
  5. ^ Naidoo, Romaana (13 September 2013). "Barberton glitters with more than just gold". Media Club South Africa. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
  6. ^ "Hout Bay Pic of the Day 12/08/11". Hout Bay Organised. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
  7. ^ Peter Pan statue in Cape Town
  8. ^ Merrington 2006.
  9. ^ Buckland & Neville 2004, p. 83.
  10. ^ Laing, R.A. (Spring 2000). "The Myth of South African Heraldic Writing". Arma.
  11. ^ Laing, Robert A. (May 2004). "Our South African (Afrikaner) heraldic heritage - a mythical creation?". Historia. 49 (1): 110–134. ISSN 0018-229X. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
  12. ^ Dawes, M. (26 October 1951), "Ons dorpe en stede spog met vals wapens", Die Huisgenoot (in Afrikaans)
  13. ^ Mitford-Barberton, I (July 1956), "Heraldry and the Municipality", South African Municipal Magazine

Further reading[edit]

  • Hilton-Barber, David (2014). The Saint, the Surgeon and the Unsung Botanist: A tribute to my remarkable ancestors. Footprints Press. ISBN 978-0-620-61401-6.

External links[edit]