Ivan Rikard Ivanović

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Dr. Ivan Rikard Ivanović
Ivan Rikard Ivanović.jpg
Elected Deputy for Osijek II
Personal details
Born Ivan Rikard Mendel Kraus
Osijek, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Croatia)
Died 1949 (aged 69)
Genoa, Italy
Nationality Croat
Spouse(s) Milica Popović
Relations Vane Ivanović
Daška McLean
Occupation Politician, industrialist

Dr. Ivan Rikard Ivanović (1880-1949) was a Croatian industrialist, politician and one of the founders of the Croatian National Progressive Party (NNS).

Life and career[edit]

Ivan Rikard Mendel Kraus[1] was born in 1880 in Osijek, Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary, the son of Bettina and Ivan Mendel Kraus.[2] His father was the owner of a construction business in Osijek, and was responsible for erecting a number of buildings in his hometown, among which was the first steam-powered flour mill. When Ivan was a young boy his parents changed the family name to Ivanović and converted to Catholicism, along with many other Jews at the time.

After completing his early studies his parents sent him to Vienna where he became a Doctor of Law. In 1905 he became one of the founders of the Croatian National Progressive Party (Hrvatska narodna napredna stranka, NNS).[3][4] In the Croatian parliamentary election, 1908, Ivanović was elected a member of the Croatian Parliament for the city of Osijek.[3] In July 1912, he married Milica Popović, the youngest sister of Dr. Dušan Popović, a leading Serb in Croatian political life.[3][4] He was also elected in the Croatian parliamentary election, 1913.

In 1918, as a member of the National Assembly of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes he helped to form the state.

In 1929, Ivanović built an oil refinery in Osijek named "IPOIL". In 1936, he started building the first aluminum factory in the Balkans in the town of Lozovac near Šibenik, consulted by Elektrokemisk,[5] now known as "IVANAL" d.d.[6]

During the Second World War he was arrested and imprisoned for three years.[3] His first factory, IPOIL, was confiscated by the Independent State of Croatia. His second factory, IVANAL, was confiscated by the Italian occupying forces.[3] In 1946, the Communists accused him of being a "capitalist bourgeois" and in a plotted political process,[3] the Supreme Court of Croatia in Zagreb (case No. K-645/45 of 9 January) condemned both him and his wife and confiscated all the property of the company, including all the immovables and factory buildings. Ivanović was stripped of his civil rights and sent to a forced labor camp.[3] After being released, he fled to Italy where he died in Genoa in 1949 aged 68.[3]

He and Milica Popovic had three children together, Ivan, Daška and Vladimir. He had a third son named Dimitar with his second wife Jelka Muačević. In 1948, his third wife, Štefica Kastelic, gave birth to his fourth son, Marko, who became his legal successor.[6]

His granddaughter is socialite Tessa Kennedy and his great-grandchildren include actor Cary Elwes and producer Cassian Elwes.


  1. ^ Nicholas Jenkins. "Dr. Ivan Rikard Ivanović (I19467)". W. H. Auden - 'Family Ghosts'. Department of English, Stanford University. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  2. ^ Ancestors of Ivan Simon Cary Elwes
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Nikola Urukalo (2002-09-05). "Tko je bio dr. Ivan R. Ivanović - Vizionar iz Osijeka". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  4. ^ a b Dejan Djokic (1999-04-09). "Obituary: Vane Ivanovic". The Independent. Retrieved 2013-02-12. His father, Rikard Ivanovic, was one of the founders of the National Progressive Party (NNS) and a deputy in Croatia's Sabor (Assembly). [...] Svetozar Pribicevic, the other leading Serb in the Coalition, was the best man at Rikard and Milica's wedding, while Ivan Lorkovic, the NNS leader and the leading Croat in the Coalition, was Vane's godfather. 
  5. ^ "Centar hrvatske aluminijske industrije". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). 2002-07-25. Retrieved 2013-02-12. Tvornicu aluminija u Lozovcu 1936. počeo je graditi dr. Ivan Rikard Ivanović uz stručnu pomoć tvrtke Elektrokemisk iz Osla. [...] Nakon Drugog svjetskog rata proizvodnja je ponovno pokrenuta, a tvornica u Lozovcu integrirala se s Tvornicom elektroda i ferolegura u Metalurški kombinat Šibenik. 
  6. ^ a b History of IVANAL

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