Ivan Rybkin

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Ivan Rybkin
Иван Рыбкин
Rybkin in 1999
6th Chairman of the State Duma
In office
14 January 1994 – 17 January 1996
PresidentBoris Yeltsin
Preceded byRuslan Khasbulatov as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
Mikhail Rodzianko as Chairman of the State Duma of Russian Empire
Succeeded byGennadiy Seleznyov
5th Secretary of the Security Council
In office
19 October 1996 – 2 March 1998
Preceded byAlexander Lebed
Succeeded byAndrei Kokoshin
Personal details
Ivan Petrovich Rybkin

(1946-10-20) 20 October 1946 (age 77)
Semigorka, Voronezh Oblast, USSR

Ivan Petrovich Rybkin (Russian: Ива́н Петро́вич Ры́бкин; born 20 October 1946) is a Russian politician. He was Chairman of Russia's State Duma in 1994–96 and Secretary of the Security Council in 1996–1998. He has the federal state civilian service rank of 1st class Active State Councillor of the Russian Federation.[1]

He ran for the Russian presidency in 2004, before dropping out after allegedly being kidnapped and drugged by Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) officers.

Early life[edit]

He was born in village of Semigorka, Voronesh Oblast. In 1968, Rybkin graduated from Volgograd Agricultural Institute, and in 1991 from the Soviet Academy of Social Sciences.

Political career[edit]

After a career on lower ranks of the Communist Party, Rybkin was elected as peoples' deputy to the congress of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic in 1990. In 1993, Rybkin became a member of the Agrarian Party of Russia. That very year in December, he was elected deputy of the State Duma.

Speaker of Russian State Duma[edit]

In 1994, Rybkin was elected speaker of the State Duma. In January 1995, he became a member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. In July of that year, Rybkin became a leader of the Ivan Rybkin Bloc.

Ivan Rybkin Bloc got 1.39% of the vote in the 1995 Russian legislative election, falling short of a 5% electoral threshold. Its campaign video clip featured two cows who discussed fairness in a philosophical manner.[2]

In March 1998, Rybkin was appointed Deputy Prime Minister for Commonwealth of Independent States affairs.

Presidential candidate and alleged kidnapping[edit]

In 2004, Rybkin was nominated by Berezovsky's Liberal Party for the Russian presidential elections. During the campaign, on 2 February 2004, he accused incumbent President Vladimir Putin of organizing terrorist acts in Russia in 1999 and of being involved in shady business activities with Yury Kovalchuk, Mikhail Kovalchuk, Gennady Timchenko, KiNEx and the Russia Bank, which allegedly swallowed up a vast share of the nation's financial flows.

Rybkin's candidacy aligned itself strongly with Berezovsky's politics.[3] While it was believed that Rybkin would, even optimistically, be unable to receive more than 2% of the vote, it was also believed that he might receive a sizable enough amount of funding from Berezovsky that he could orchestrate a significant amount of anti-Putin campaigning in advance of the election.[4]

Many Russians had reported themselves to be too unfamiliar with Rybkin to have an opinion on him.[5]

In February 2004, Rybkin disappeared for four days under mysterious circumstances. A day before his disappearance he accused the Putin administration of complicity in the 1999 bomb attacks in Moscow that led to a war in the Russian breakaway republic of Chechnya.[6] Five days later, Rybkin appeared in Kyiv. According to Rybkin's first explanations, on February 5 he decided to “take a break from the fuss” that was raised around him and went to Kyiv. Rybkin did not specify what kind of “fuss” this was. He said that he turned off his mobile phones so that his rest would not be disturbed. “I have the right to two or three days of privacy! - said Rybkin. “I often visit Kyiv, my friends and I walk the streets, especially since the weather was good there this weekend.”[7] Later, he stated that he had been kidnapped and drugged by Russian FSB agents[8] who lured him to Ukraine promising to arrange meeting with the former Chechen leader Aslan Maskhadov. Upon arrival he was offered refreshments in the apartment, at which point he became "very drowsy." After being unconscious, he woke up on 10 February. Upon waking, he was shown a videotape in which he was performing "revolting acts" conducted by "horrible perverts". He was told that the tape would be made public if he continued with his presidential campaign.[9][10] According to Alexander Litvinenko, the FSB agents apparently treated Rybkin with their standard truth drug.[8][11]

Rybkin said he feared for his safety if he returned to Russia, and whilst he initially continued the campaign from abroad, on 5 March 2004, he withdrew from the race, saying he did not want to be part of "this farce," as he called the elections.[12]


  1. ^ О присвоении квалификационного разряда Рыбкину И.П. (Decree 1110) (in Russian). President of Russia. 17 September 1998.
  2. ^ Чуракова, Ольга (22 August 2013). "Выбирай или проиграешь: лучшие предвыборные ролики российских политиков". Большой город (in Russian). Archived from the original on 31 October 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  3. ^ "Russian Election Watch, vol. 3, no. 6" (PDF). Harvard University (Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Davis Center for Russian & Eurasian Studies) and Indiana University-Bloomington. March 2004. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Russian Election Watch, vol. 3, no. 4" (PDF). Harvard University (Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, Davis Center for Russian & Eurasian Studies) and Indiana University-Bloomington. January 2004. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  5. ^ И.Рыбкин - кандидат в президенты FOM
  6. ^ Politkovskaya, Anna (2007) A Russian Diary: A Journalist's Final Account of Life, Corruption, and Death in Putin's Russia
  7. ^ "Нашелся". www.kommersant.ru (in Russian). 11 February 2004. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  8. ^ a b Alex Goldfarb and Marina Litvinenko. Death of a Dissident: The Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko and the Return of the KGB. New York: Free Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1416551652.
  9. ^ "Russian candidate 'was kidnapped'". BBC. 13 February 2004. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  10. ^ Biles, Peter (13 February 2004). "Russia's 'spy thriller' saga". BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  11. ^ "CNN.com - Rybkin mystery: Questions remain - Feb. 11, 2004". edition.cnn.com.
  12. ^ "Rybkin drops challenge to Putin". 5 March 2004.
Political offices
Preceded by Chairman of the State Duma
14 January 1994 – 17 January 1996
Succeeded by
Preceded by Secretary of the Security Council of Russia
19 October 1996 – 2 March 1998
Succeeded by