Ivane Andronikashvili

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Ivane Andronikashvili
Андроников Иван Малхазович.jpg
Prince Andronikashvili
Born1789
Qudaghlo, Kartli-Kakheti
Died19 November 1868
Georgia, Russian Empire
Allegiance Russian Empire
Service/branchImperial Russian Army
Years of service1824–1868
Rank1904ic-p18gar.png Adjutant general in the rank of General of the cavalry
UnitLeib Guard
Commands heldSeveral Dragoon regiments
Governor-general of Tiflis
Several army corps
Battles/warsRusso-Persian War (1826–1828)
Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829)
Caucasian War
Crimean War

Prince Ivane Andronikashvili (Georgian: ივანე ანდრონიკაშვილი), also known as Knyaz Ivan Malkhazovich Andronnikov (Russian: Иван Малхазович Андронников) (1798 – November 19, 1868) was a Georgian nobleman and general in the Imperial Russian service.

He was born in Qudaghlo in the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti to Prince Malkhaz Andronikashvili and Princess Mariam Bagrationi. (In 1801, the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti became part of the Russian Empire.) His mother, Princess Mariam Bagrationi, was the sister of the last Imeretian king Solomon II. He himself was married to Princess Nino Imeretinsky, granddaughter of King David II of Imereti.

When Andronikashvili turned nineteen, he was enrolled in the St Petersburg Cavalry Regiment of the Leib Guard. Seven years later he was transferred to the Nizhny Novgorod cavalry regiment with the rank of major. When the Russo-Persian war broke out in 1826 Andronikashvili became heavily involved in many decisive battles. He served later in the Caucasus during the wars with Persia (1826-1829) and Turkey (1828-1829). He was promoted Major General in 1841 and appointed Governor General of Tiflis in 1849. He took part in the Caucasian War and led an expedition against the rebellious Ossetes in 1840 and 1850.

The Crimean War was the apex of Andronikashvili’s military career. On November 14, 1853, he defeated Ali Pasha's army of 20,000 men at Akhaltsikhe with as few as 5,000 soldiers, mostly irregular Georgian cavalrymen. He achieved another victory against considerable odds over Selim Pasha’s 36,000 troops at the Choloki River with the force of 13,000. Prince Andronikashvili was promoted General of Cavalry just a few months before his death in 1868.

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