Ivanhoé is an 1826 pastiche opera in three acts with music by Gioachino Rossini to a French-language libretto by Émile Deschamps and Gabriel-Gustave de Wailly, after Walter Scott's novel of the same name. The music was adapted, with the composer's permission, by the music-publisher Antonio Pacini from Rossini's operas, namely Semiramide, La Cenerentola, La gazza ladra, and Tancredi in order to introduce his music to Paris. An examination of the score shows that Pacini also used music from Bianca e Faliero, Armida, Maometto II, Aureliano in Palmira, Sigismondo, Torvaldo e Dorliska, Mosè in Egitto and an amount of newly composed music including fanfares and the gallop that was later to become famous from its inclusion in Guglielmo Tell. The work was premiered on 15 September 1826, at the Odéon Theatre.
It was performed in England in 1829 as The Maid of Judah with music arranged by Michael Rophino Lacy who also translated and revised the original libretto by Deschamps and de Wailly. The Lacy version was also performed in New York at the Park Theatre in 1832. The first performance of Ivanhoé in modern times was given at the Festival della Valle d'Itria in 2001.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 15 September 1826
|Brian de Boisguilbert||bass||Leclerc|
|Le Marquis Lucas de Beaumanoir||bass||Charles|
|Albert de Malvoisin||tenor||Peyronnet|
- Rossini: Ivanhoé – Simon Edwards (Ivanhoé), Inga Balabanova (Leila), Soon-Won Kang (Brian de Boisguilbert), Filippo Morace (Ismaele), Massimiliano Chiarolla (Cedric); Bratislava Chamber Choir and the Orchestra Internazionale d'Italia conducted by Paolo Arrivabeni. Live recording from the 2001 performance at the Festival della Valle d'Itria. Label: Dynamic CDS397
- Osborne, Richard (1986). Rossini. London: Dent. pp. 72–3. ISBN 0-460-03179-1.
- Everist, Mark (2002). Music Drama at the Paris Odéon, 18241828. pp. 182-187. University of California Press. ISBN 0520928903
- The Theatrical observer and, Daily bills of the play (Volume 1832 v. 3 no.3361-3445:(Sep 22,1832-Dec 31,1832))
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Ivanhoé". Almanacco Amadeus (Italian).
- Pugliaro, Giorgio (ed.) (2007). Opera 2007. Annuario dell'opera lirica in Italia, p. 333. EDT srl. ISBN 8860401828 (Italian)