Ivatsevichy

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Ivacevičy

Івацэвічы
Ivacevichi.JPG
Flag of Ivacevičy
Flag
Coat of arms of Ivacevičy
Coat of arms
Ivacevičy is located in Belarus
Ivacevičy
Ivacevičy
Coordinates: 52°43′N 25°20′E / 52.717°N 25.333°E / 52.717; 25.333
Country Belarus
VoblastBrest Voblast
RaionIvatsevichy Raion
Mentioned1508
Elevation
148 m (486 ft)
Population
 (2009)[1]
 • Total22,958
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
225295
Area code(s)+375 1645
License plate1
WebsiteOfficial website (in Russian)

Ivacevičy (Belarusian: Івацэ́вічы, Russian: Ивацевичи, Polish: Iwacewicze, Lithuanian: Ivasevičai) is a city in the Brest Province of Belarus, an administrative center of the Ivacevičy district.

Sports[edit]

Belarusian football club FC Ivatsevichi was based in here in 2018

World War II[edit]

Within the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Ivatsevitshy was part of Nowogródek Voivodeship. In 1795, the town was acquired by the Russian Empire in the course of the Third Partition of Poland

From 1921 until 1939, Ivatsevichy (Iwacewicze) was a provincial city in the Second Polish Republic, the seat of Kosów county with the population of around 1,500. It belonged to Polesie Voivodeship region of eastern Kresy, with a notable Jewish population.[2]

In September 1939, Ivatsevichy was occupied by the Red Army and, on 14 November 1939, incorporated into the Byelorussian SSR. Following the Invasion of Poland, the number of Jews in Ivatsevichy greatly increased due to influx of refugees from the Nazi-occupied western part of Poland.

Ivatsevichy was occupied by Nazi Germany from 24 June 1941 until 12 July 1944 and administered as a part of the Generalbezirk Weißruthenien of Reichskommissariat Ostland. The Nazis carried out mass executions of Jews at the Żwirownia gravel pit nearby. Under a strong German guard, Jews were marched out of town and separated into smaller groups. They were shot in waves over the already dug-out pits. Before 1944, the Nazis executed there more than a thousand innocent victims including prisoners of war.[3] In 1941 soon after the Nazi takeover of Ivatsevichy, a ghetto was set up for about 600 Jews. They were fed starvation rations and forced to perform slave labor. On 14 March 1942 the ghetto was liquidated. All inmates were marched on foot to the Słonim Ghetto, and over the course of several months murdered there.[4]

After the liberation, in Soviet Belarus the area of the mass graves in Ivatsevichy was used to extract sand. During mining, the bones of the dead were constantly being unearthed, until finally in the 1960s, a stone memorial was placed at the pits, marking the already mined graves.[3]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on January 11, 2013.
  2. ^ "Weissruthenien region. "Iwacewicze"". The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia. Indiana University Press. p. 1200. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Iwacewicze. Ul. Czartkowa - miejsce egzekucji i zbiorowa mogiła ofiar Zagłady". Virtual Shtetl. Museum of the History of Polish Jews. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  4. ^ "Getto w Iwacewiczach". Virtual Shtetl. Museum of the History of Polish Jews. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 11, 2012.


Coordinates: 52°43′N 25°20′E / 52.717°N 25.333°E / 52.717; 25.333