Ivor Allchurch

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Ivor Allchurch
Swansea Town Football Club (20740154461).jpg
Allchurch training with Swansea in 1951
Personal information
Full name Ivor John Allchurch[1]
Date of birth (1929-10-16)16 October 1929
Place of birth Swansea, Wales[2]
Date of death 10 July 1997(1997-07-10) (aged 67)
Place of death Swansea, Wales
Height 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)
Playing position Inside forward
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1947–1958 Swansea Town 327 (118)
1958–1962 Newcastle United 143 (46)
1962–1965 Cardiff City 103 (39)
1965–1968 Swansea Town 118 (42)
Total 691 (245)
National team
1950–1966 Wales 68 (23[3])
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

Ivor John Allchurch MBE (16 October 1929 – 10 July 1997) was a Welsh professional footballer who played for Swansea Town, Newcastle United and Cardiff City, as well as the Wales national football team.

Known as 'The Golden Boy' of Welsh football,[4] Allchurch began his career playing for his hometown side Swansea Town where he spent over 10 years, captaining the side for several seasons and scoring over 100 goals in all competitions. He joined First Division side Newcastle United in 1958 for a fee of £28,000, forming a strike partnership with George Eastham and Len White. In 1962, he joined Cardiff City for £18,000, where he spent three seasons before finishing his professional career with a second spell with Swansea Town.

During his career, Allchurch won a total of 68 caps for Wales, a record which stood until 1986 when it was exceeded by Joey Jones.[5] He also jointly held the record number of goals scored for Wales, along with Trevor Ford, 23, which was eventually broken by Ian Rush. His talents were more widely recognised after his performance for Wales during the 1958 World Cup, in which he helped them to reach the quarter finals. His brother Len was also a footballer and the pair played alongside each other for Wales on several occasions.

Early life[edit]

Ivor John Allchurch was born in Swansea on 16 October 1929. His parents, Charlie and May Allchurch, were originally from Dudley in the West Midlands but had moved to South Wales during the Post-World War I recession in search of work, following May's parents to the area, settling in the Castle area of the town.[6] Allchurch was one of seven children, with two sisters and four brothers, who grew up in a three bedroomed house on Landeg Street in Plasmarl. Including his parents and his siblings, the house was home to eleven people, including his step brother Willie and his niece Christine who was raised by Allchurch's mother.[7] As a child, he attended Plasmarl School, leaving school at the age of 14. After leaving, Allchurch worked in an office at Baldwins Foundry, a company that manufactured bomb casings.[8] He later worked in a local fish market after noticing that the younger boys working there were allowed early finishes during winter time due to a lack of stock during wartime, allowing them to play football on a regular basis.[9] The job also allowed him to supplement his income as each worker was allowed to take any remaining stock to sell of their own accord once a week, a task that Allchurch would undertake with his brother Len.[10]

Allchurch's brothers were also keen footballers, Charlie and Arthur both played football in local leagues,[7] Arthur represented Wales at amateur level and Len played professionally for Swansea Town, Sheffield United and Stockport County as well as representing Wales.[11]

Playing career[edit]

Youth & Wartime[edit]

Allchurch was playing local youth football at under-18 Cwm Level when he was spotted by Joe Sykes,[12] a scout who worked for Swansea Town under the management of Haydn Green. Following a match, Sykes approached Allchurch, who was only 14 at the time, and asked for his name and address, visiting the family home soon after where he reached an agreement with Allchurch's father that he would join the club when he turned 15 as an amateur and train two days a week.[13] During his time as an amateur at the club, Allchurch was approached on two occasions by scouts from Football League sides to sign for different clubs but turned the moves down as he did not want to break the verbal agreement that he and his father had made to sign for the Swans. The club later lost John Charles to Leeds United several years later after a similar approach.[14]

In 1948, when he turned 18, Allchurch was called up to start his National Service and enlisted as a gunner in the British Army. Stationed in Oswestry, Allchurch continued to play football for the representative sides of his unit and Western Command.[15] His performances for the teams in November 1948 attracted the attention of Shrewsbury Town manager Leslie Knighton who signed Allchurch to represent the side in the Midland Football League during his military service, describing him as "a future star". He made his debut at Gay Meadow in the same month and remained with the club for the rest of the 1948–49 season.[16] During his time at the club, Knighton turned down numerous offers from Football League sides for Allchurch, as he was still registered to play for Swansea Town, and described him as a "second Charlie Buchan." At the start of the following season, Allchurch also played for Wellington Town before he was demobbed from his military service, allowing him to return to Swansea.[17]

Swansea Town[edit]

Statue of Allchurch outside the Liberty Stadium, Swansea.

He returned to Swansea in 1949, manager Billy McCandless having already received offers for Allchurch despite having not made his professional debut. Despite the interest, Allchurch joined a side that had won promotion comfortably from the Football League Third Division South the previous year and the favoured attacking partnership of Sammy McCrory and Billy Lucas meant that Allchurch continued to play for the club's reserve side in The Football Combination.[17] He eventually received his first call up to the first team on Boxing Day 1949 at the age of 20, making his debut in a 3–0 defeat to West Ham United. Although the Swans lost, Allchurch impressed enough to be handed a second start on 7 January 1950, scoring his first senior goal for the club in a 3–0 victory over First Division side Birmingham City in the third round of the FA Cup.[18] In the next round, Swansea suffered a 2–1 defeat to eventual winners Arsenal but Allchurch again made headlines for his performance with Joe Mercer later commenting that he "nearly frightened us to death" as McCandless and the Swansea board were again forced to fend of offers from several clubs.[19] He also claimed a Welsh Cup winners medal at the end of the 1949–50 season, playing in a 4–1 victory over Wrexham in the final on 27 April 1950.[20]

During this period, Swansea suffered from financial difficulties which saw the sale of several first team players such as McCrory, Jim Feeney and Roy Paul. This allowed Allchurch and a number of other youth players, including Terry Medwin and John King to establish themselves in the squad, Allchurch becoming the youngest player in the club's history to be ever present during an entire season, having played in every league game for the club, during the 1950–51 season.[5] Further approaches from Liverpool, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Manchester City were also rejected by the Swans.[21] However, the side struggled to perform in the Second Division, finishing in 18th and 19th positions between 1950 and 1952, and Allchurch contemplated a move away from Vetch Field encouraged by some teammates at international level to move to a First Division side.[22]

Allchurch was persuaded to remain at the club, encouraged by Sykes and McCandless' belief in a number of local youth players making their way through the Swans setup, including Cliff Jones, Harry Griffiths and Allchurch's brother Len. In September 1952, Swansea rejected a bid of £30,000 from Arsenal for Allchurch, the bid just £5,000 below the British record transfer fee paid for Jackie Sewell at the time.[23] He finished the 1952–53 season as the club's second highest top scorer with 15 goals, including his first career hattrick during a 3–2 victory over Brentford on 6 April 1953. The Swans attacking trio of Allchurch, Medwin and Griffiths accounted for more than half of the club's league goals during the season.[24]

In 1955, the club was rocked by the death of manager McCandless, days after the players had returned to pre-season training. The Swansea board decided against appointing a permanent replacement, instead establishing a three-man selection committee consisting of Ron Burgess, Allchurch and Joe Sykes. Burgess was also handed the title of "team manager". Under the guidance of the trio, the Swans were able to mount a serious promotion challenge, going unbeaten in eleven games between September and December 1955.[25] However, following a serious injury to defender Tom Kiley, the committee fell out with the Swansea board over their refusal to provide funds to secure a replacement for Kiley, Burgess having transfers for Bob McKinlay and Jim Dugdale rejected by the board. The loss of Kiley and the conflict with the board saw Swansea lose 7 of their last 8 matches of the season,[26] eventually finishing in 10th position. His growing frustration at the club's refusal to invest in the squad and a strained relationship with new manager Trevor Morris led Allchurch to decide leave the club, stating in his own newspaper column "I am ready to admit that I had high hopes that my own club would get promotion a couple of years ago [...]then I would have been happy to end my career in the town [...]But that dream does not look like coming true".[27] Morris later used the money from Allchurch's transfer to sign Colin Webster and Reg Davies.[27]

Newcastle United[edit]

First Division[edit]

Allchurch's decision to leave the Swans saw a large amount of interest, Liverpool offering to fly a private plane to South Wales and meet any valuation Swansea placed on him but Allchurch rejected the move as he wished to move to a team in the First Division. Aston Villa had an offer accepted but Newcastle United chairman Alderman McKeag quickly offered an increased amount of £28,000.[5][12] On 10 October 1958, Allchurch travelled to Manchester to meet Newcastle manager Charlie Mitten where he was convinced to join Newcastle, signing his contract on a luggage trolley at Manchester Exchange railway station.[27] Despite having never met his new teammates,[28] he made his debut for the club, his first match in the First Division, the following day against Leicester City, scoring twice during a 3–1 victory.[5][29] He joined the club's established strike partnership of George Eastham and Len White, the trio going on to score 48 of the club's 81 goals during the course of the 1958–59 season with Allchurch finishing as the club's second top scorer behind White despite missing more than a quarter of the season.[30]

Despite early season optimism, Newcastle began the 1959–60 campaign in poor form, suffering a 5–1 defeat to Tottenham Hotspur on the opening day of the season and found themselves in 18th place by October having lost 8 of their first 15 matches. With the club struggling, the board denied Allchurch permission to be released to play a fixture for Wales in order to focus on the club's fortunes, which saw an aggrieved Allchurch hand in a transfer request as he believed the club had "broken their word" after a verbal agreement between himself and Mitten that he would be released for any international fixtures.[31] After number of changes by Mitten, Newcastle were able to return to form and his transfer request was eventually dropped as the Magpies finish the season in 8th position,[32] Allchurch again reaching double figure league goals during the season for the second consecutive year in the First Division.[33]

Decline[edit]

The following season saw a tumultuous period for the club with George Eastham submitting a transfer request and refusing to return to training after the club rejected his request. Allchurch himself submitted another rejected transfer request, this time due to his wish to return to South Wales in order for his wife Esme to be near her family during a new pregnancy following the loss of a child during her previous pregnancy.[34] The club again started poorly and Mitten switched Allchurch from his usual inside-forward role to the number nine position in order to be used as the club's main striker in an attempt to improve results but Allchurch grew frustrated with the decision, backing Len White as the club's best centre-forward and even refusing to play on three occasions over the decision. Mitten eventually backed down and, following reassurance over his wife's condition, Allchurch withdrew his transfer request.[35] Later in the season, following an injury to captain Jimmy Scoular, Allchurch was elected as the stand in captain by the squad. Teammate Bob Stokoe commented that "there's no one better equipped for the job".[36] However, Newcastle were unable to turn their season around and suffered relegation to the Second Division in May 1961.

Relegation to the Second Division further fueled talk of Allchurch leaving Newcastle. Manager Mitten appointed Allchurch as permanent team captain for the start of their season, having commented that he had been impressed by his dedication, and stated in a newspaper interview "With the maximum wage restriction removed we can afford to pay Allchurch in relation to his value to United, which is tremendous! Tell me where and at what cost can we replace him?"[37] The abolition of the maximum wage cap had seen Allchurch's wages rise to £60 per week.[37] During the season, Allchurch was one of just two players who appeared in more than 30 matches, along with Dick Keith, as the club rotated players in an attempt to find form but resigned from his position as captain after the Newcastle board again attempted to block his call up to the Welsh national side. The death of a prematurely born daughter affected Allchurch's form as he looked after his children during his wife's recovery and the personal difficulty during this period convinced Allchurch to announce his intention to leave the club and move closer to his wider family.[38]

Cardiff City[edit]

In August 1962, he joined Cardiff City, who had been relegated from the First Division the previous season, for a fee of £18,000.[39] The club board had drawn criticism from fans for signing Welsh players who were seen as "faded stars", such as Trevor Ford and Mel Charles, in previous seasons but pushed forward to complete the signing of then 32-year old Allchurch.[40] Taking a £20 per week pay cut to join the Bluebirds, Allchurch made his debut on the opening day of the 1962–63 season, captaining the side and scoring in a 4–4 draw with his former club Newcastle United.[41][5] In the following weeks, local newspapers attributed the club's positive start to the season to Allchurch's leadership with the South Wales Echo claiming that he was "one of the best skippers the club has ever had".[42] But despite this and an impressive forward partnership formed between Allchurch and Peter Hooper, who scored 34 league goals between them, the club eventually faded into a mid-table place, finishing in 10th position.[43]

Prior to the start of the 1963–64 season, the club saw the departures of several key players, including Hooper and Alan Durban. The signing of fellow Welsh international John Charles had raised hopes of improvement but the side struggled throughout the season, winning just 14 league matches. Allchurch finished as the club's top league scorer, scoring 12 times including a hat-trick against Sunderland in September 1963.[44] The club's struggles saw George Swindin dismissed as manager and replaced by Jimmy Scoular, who had captained Newcastle during Allchurch's spell in the North-East. Allchurch found Scoular's loud and vocal form of management difficult and in mid-October 1964, found himself dropped from the side after recovering from a brief thigh injury as Scoular favoured playing Peter King in his place.[45] He did not return to the first team until February, during which time he stated his desire to leave the club, when Scoular was forced to recall him after the Bluebirds had suffered a severe decline during his absence.[46] Scoular had introduced a new youth policy within the squad, handing regular places to players such as King, George Johnston and Don Murray. Murray later commented that he regarded it as a privilege to play alongside Allchurch and Charles and stated "There was a saying among the players, if you are in trouble give it to Ivor".[47]

He scored nine times following his return to the first team, including a hat-trick against his former side Swansea which condemned them to relegation into the Third Division, to finish as the club's top goalscorer for the second consecutive season. He also made his debut in European competition, as Cardiff qualified for the European Cup Winners' Cup having won the Welsh Cup the previous year,[47] playing in a 0–0 draw with Danish side Esbjerg fB in the first round. He played his final match for the club on 24 April 1965, scoring Cardiff's first goal during a 3–1 victory over Rotherham United.[48]

Later career[edit]

At the age of 35, Allchurch returned to his hometown club Swansea City in 1965, after they agreed a fee of £8000 with Cardiff to complete the transfer.[49] His return to Vetch Field saw a significant increase in the sale of season tickets and Allchurch was greeted by a large "welcome home Ivor" banner in his first game on his return. However early season form was poor as the side struggled to adapt to a new "modern" gameplan adopted by manager Glyn Davies, losing 3 of their first 4 matches.[50] Allchurch handed the club their first win of the season, scoring the only goal of the game during a 1–0 victory over Grimsby Town but, by October, the club were struggling at the foot of the table. In December 1965, First Division side Northampton Town offered £11,000 to sign Allchurch but he himself rejected the offer saying it was "flattering" but that he was "happy to be back with Swansea". The following month, in the New Years honours list in 1966, Allchurch was awarded an MBE for his services to sport.[51] The club finished the season in the bottom half of the table but did win the Welsh Cup, defeating Chester City in the final with Allchurch scoring the winning goal.[52][20]

Swansea's troubles continued the following season, amassing just six points during the first third of the season and suffering a 5–1 aggregate defeat against Bulgarian side Slavia Sofia in the opening round of the European Cup Winners' Cup,[53] with the club board accusing some players of a "lack of effort".[54] Glyn Davies' contract as manager was cancelled by mutual consent and long serving club trainer Joe Sykes was temporarily appointed manager with Allchurch part of his selection committee.[55] Sykes also handed the club captaincy to Allchurch, replacing Brian Purcell, but the club eventually suffered relegation to the Fourth Division at the end of the 1966–67 season.[56] He remained with the club, entering the final year of his contract, but was switched to playing as a striker by manager Billy Lucas in order to lessen the amount of running required of Allchurch who had turned 38 during the opening months of the season.[57] The change of position benefited him, scoring seventeen times in the league in forty matches. Approaching the end of the season, he was offered a one-year extension to his contract with the club, with a £5 per week pay cut, but eventually decided to retire from professional football, making his final appearance on 6 May 1968 against Hartlepools United.[58] He later spent time playing non-league football with Worcester City and had a spell as player-manager of Haverfordwest County before ending his career at Pontardawe Athletic at the age of 50.[59]

International career[edit]

Allchurch was called up to the Wales senior squad for the first time at the age of 21, having made just 30 senior league appearances for Swansea,[60] making his international debut in a 4–2 defeat to England on 15 November 1950 at Roker Park in the 1950–51 British Home Championship.[5][61] He would remain a regular fixture in the Wales side, making a further 26 consecutive appearances for his country after his debut over the following six years,[60] and was part of the squad selected for the 1958 FIFA World Cup that reached the quarter-finals. He played his final game for his country against Chile in 1966. In all, Allchurch scored 23 goals for Wales, equalling the record held by Trevor Ford,[62]

Career statistics[edit]

Club Season League FA Cup League Cup[nb 1] Other[nb 2] Total
Division Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Swansea Town 1949–50[63] Second Division 18 3 2 1 2 1 22 5
1950–51[63] 42 8 1 0 1 1 44 9
1951–52[63] 41 11 3 3 0 0 44 14
1952–53[63] 41 15 1 0 1 0 43 15
1953–54[63] 40 17 3 2 0 0 43 19
1954–55[63] 36 20 4 1 3 2 43 23
1955–56[63] 37 13 1 0 3 3 41 16
1956–57[63] 30 11 1 1 4 1 35 13
1957–58[63] 32 14 1 0 0 0 33 14
1958–59[63] 10 6 0 0 0 0 10 6
Swansea Town total 327 118 17 8 14 8 358 134
Newcastle United 1958–59[33] First Division 26 16 1 0 0 0 27 16
1959–60[33] 41 13 2 1 0 0 43 14
1960–61[33] 36 7 4 3 1 0 0 0 41 10
1961–62[33] Second Division 40 10 1 0 2 1 0 0 43 11
Newcastle United total 143 46 8 4 3 1 0 0 154 51
Cardiff City 1962–63[64] Second Division 35 12 1 0 1 0 2 2 39 14
1963–64[64] 41 12 1 0 3 0 7 2 52 14
1964–65[64] 27 15 0 0 1 0 7 4 35 19
Cardiff City total 103 39 2 0 5 0 16 8 126 47
Swansea City 1965–66[65] Third Division 34 12 1 0 1 1 7 3 43 16
1966–67[65] 44 13 3 0 4 2 3 0 54 15
1967–68[65] Fourth Division 40 17 4 1 1 1 2 2 47 21
Swansea City total 118 42 8 1 6 4 12 5 144 52
Total 691 245 35 13 14 5 42 21 782 284
  1. ^ The Football League Cup was first held in 1960.
  2. ^ Includes other competitive competitions, including the Welsh Cup and the European Cup Winners' Cup.

Personal life[edit]

Following his return from national service, Allchurch became engaged to Esme who was 16 at the time, the couple keeping their engagement secret from their parents until she turned 18.[66] The pair publicly revealed their engagement when she turned 18 and eventually married in 1953, settling in the Mumbles district of Swansea.[67] Following Allchurch's transfer to Newcastle in 1958, the family relocated to Kenton, Newcastle upon Tyne.[68]

Recognition of achievements[edit]

In 1966, he was awarded an MBE in recognition of his services to football.[12] He is also a member of the Welsh Sports Hall of Fame.[69]

To celebrate Allchurch's achievements for his local club, it was originally decided that money should be raised for a bust of him, which was raised by Swansea City supporters. In 2005, a life-sized statue of Allchurch was unveiled outside Swansea City's newly opened Liberty Stadium.[70]

Honours[edit]

Swansea Town
Cardiff City

References[edit]

General
  • Farmer, David; Stead, Peter (1998), Ivor Allchurch M.B.E., Swansea: Christopher Davies (Publishing) Ltd., ISBN 0-7154-0733-3 
Specific
  1. ^ "Search 1984 to 2006 – Birth, Marriage and Death indexes". Findmypast.com. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  2. ^ "Ivor Allchurch". Barry Hugman's Footballers. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Alpuin, Luis Fernando Passo (20 February 2009). "Wales – Record International Players". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 10 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Ivor Allchurch". National Football Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Hayes, Dean (2006). The Who's Who of Cardiff City. Derby: Breedon Books. p. 12. ISBN 1-85983-462-0. 
  6. ^ Farmer, Stead & 1998, p. 19
  7. ^ a b Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 20
  8. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 22
  9. ^ Farmer, Stead & 1998, p. 23
  10. ^ Farmer, Stead & 1998, p. 24
  11. ^ "Len Allchurch: Former Wales and Swansea footballer dies aged 83". BBC Sport. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c Jones, Ken (12 July 1997). "Obituary: Ivor Allchurch". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  13. ^ Farmer 1998, p. 21
  14. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 24
  15. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 27
  16. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 28
  17. ^ a b Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 30
  18. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 31
  19. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 32
  20. ^ a b c "Welsh Cup 1877 - to date: the finals". Welsh Football Data Archive. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  21. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 35
  22. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 39
  23. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 58
  24. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 60
  25. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 69
  26. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 72
  27. ^ a b c Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 86
  28. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 99
  29. ^ "Newcastle United 3–1 Leicester City". 11vs11.com. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  30. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 101
  31. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 104
  32. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 105
  33. ^ a b c d e Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 173
  34. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 106
  35. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 106
  36. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 108
  37. ^ a b Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 110
  38. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 111
  39. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 114
  40. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 113
  41. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 115
  42. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 116
  43. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 120
  44. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 122
  45. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 123
  46. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 123
  47. ^ a b Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 124
  48. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 125
  49. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 141
  50. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 143
  51. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 147
  52. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 148
  53. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 149
  54. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 150
  55. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 151
  56. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 152
  57. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 153
  58. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 157
  59. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 158
  60. ^ a b Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 36
  61. ^ "England 4–2 Wales". englandstats.com. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  62. ^ Luis Fernando Passo Alpuin. "Wales - Record international players". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 174
  64. ^ a b c Shepherd, Richard (2002). The Definitive: Cardiff City F.C. Nottingham: SoccerData Publications. pp. 62–64. ISBN 1-899468-17-X. 
  65. ^ a b c Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 175
  66. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 34
  67. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 62
  68. ^ Farmer & Stead 1998, p. 103
  69. ^ "Inductees to roll of honour". Welsh Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  70. ^ "Swans unveil Allchurch monument". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-05-07.