Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne

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Ivor Guest
1st Baron Wimborne
Lord Wimborne Vanity Fair 23 September 1882.JPG
"Tennis"
(as depicted by Théobald Chartran in
Vanity Fair, 23 September 1882)
Baron Wimborne
Tenure1880–1914
PredecessorNew creation
SuccessorIvor Churchill Guest, 2nd Baron
Born(1835-08-29)29 August 1835
Hovingham, Yorkshire
Died22 February 1914(1914-02-22) (aged 78)
Canford Manor, Dorset
BuriedCanford Magna Parish Church
FamilyGuest
SpouseLady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill
Issue
FatherSir John Josiah Guest
MotherLady Charlotte Guest
OccupationIndustrialist

Ivor Bertie Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne, 2nd Baronet, DL (29 August 1835 – 22 February 1914) was a Welsh industrialist and a member of the prominent Guest family.

Early life[edit]

Ivor Bertie Guest was born at Dowlais, near Merthyr Tydfil, the son of Lady Charlotte Guest, translator of the Mabinogion, and Sir John Josiah Guest, 1st Baronet, owner of the world's largest iron foundry, Dowlais Ironworks. His middle name (Bertie) was from his mother's family, the Earls of Abingdon, descended from a Tudor courtier who married the Dowager Duchess of Suffolk (herself suo jure Baroness Willoughby de Eresby).

His siblings included Montague Guest (1839–1909), a Liberal politician, Arthur Edward Guest (1841–1898), a Conservative politician, Charlotte Maria Guest (d. 1902), Mary Enid Evelyn Guest, who married Austen Henry Layard,[1] and Blanche Guest, who married Edward Ponsonby, 8th Earl of Bessborough.

Guest was educated at Harrow School in Middlesex, and he went on to gain a Master of Arts degree in 1856 from Trinity College, Cambridge.[2]

Titles[edit]

Following his father's death in 1852, Guest succeeded to his father's baronetcy. In 1880, he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Wimborne, of Canford Magna in the County of Dorset, on Disraeli's initiative.[3]

Career[edit]

Guest was commissioned a cornet in the Dorsetshire Yeomanry on 20 April 1858[4] and was promoted to lieutenant on 11 March 1867.[5]

He held the office of High Sheriff of Glamorgan in 1862 and was the mayor of Poole from 1896 to 1897.[6] In 1879, he rebuilt the real tennis court at Canford.[7] He was lampooned in Vanity Fair as "the paying Guest".[8]

From 1874 on, he stood unsuccessfully for election to the House of Commons as a Conservative, contesting Glamorganshire at the 1874 general election,[9] Poole at a by-election in May 1874,[10] and Bristol at a by-election in 1878 and at the 1880 general election.[11] However, following the tariff reform by Chamberlain, he seceded from the Conservative party and sat in the House of Lords as a Liberal.[12]

He was President of the Dean Close Memorial School from 1902,[13] and a Deputy Lieutenant of Dorset.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Lady Wimborne by Mabel Lee Hankey, 1905

On 25 May 1868, Guest married Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill (1847–1927). She was the daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, thus making Guest an uncle-by-marriage of Winston Churchill, later the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.[6]

Their children included the following:

He died on 22 February 1914 at Canford Manor in Dorset[12] and was succeeded by his eldest son, Ivor Churchill Guest, 2nd Baron Wimborne, 1st Baron Ashby St Ledgers, who was later created Viscount Wimborne. His will was probated in April 1914, provisionally at £250,000.

Residences[edit]

In 1867, Guest bought at auction "Hamilton House", located at 22 Arlington Street in the St. James's district of the City of Westminster in central London, from the widow of William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton. As the house had traditionally been renamed with the title of each peer who owned it, upon receiving his title in 1880, Guest renamed the house as "Wimborne House".[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lady Layard’s Journal: Background
  2. ^ "Guest, Ivor Bertie (GST852IB)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ "No. 24838". The London Gazette. 27 April 1880. p. 2725.
  4. ^ "No. 22130". The London Gazette. 23 April 1858. p. 2004.
  5. ^ "No. 23231". The London Gazette. 19 March 1867. p. 1793.
  6. ^ a b Profile, thePeerage.com; accessed 24 March 2016.
  7. ^ Canford Tennis Club
  8. ^ Blake, Robert; Louis, William Roger, eds. (2002). Churchill. Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-19-820626-2. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 526. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
  10. ^ Craig, page 245
  11. ^ Craig, page 68
  12. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Wimborne, Ivor Bertie Guest, 1st Baron" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 32 (12th ed.). London & New York. p. 1021.
  13. ^ "Ecclesiastical intelligence". The Times (36731). London. 2 April 1902. p. 9.
  14. ^ Chancellor, E. Beresford (1908). The Private Palaces of London Past and Present. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co Ltd. pp. 366–67. Retrieved 30 June 2015.

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Wimborne
1880–1914
Succeeded by
Ivor Guest
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Josiah Guest
Baronet
(of Dowlais)
1852–1914
Succeeded by
Ivor Guest