Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne
|1st Baron Wimborne|
|Successor||Ivor Churchill Guest, 2nd Baron|
|Born||29 August 1835|
|Died||22 February 1914 (aged 78)|
Canford Manor, Dorset
|Buried||Canford Magna Parish Church|
|Spouse||Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill|
|Father||Sir John Josiah Guest|
|Mother||Lady Charlotte Guest|
Ivor Bertie Guest was born at Dowlais, near Merthyr Tydfil, the son of Lady Charlotte Guest, translator of the Mabinogion, and Sir John Josiah Guest, 1st Baronet, owner of the world's largest iron foundry, Dowlais Ironworks. His middle name (Bertie) was from his mother's family, the Earls of Abingdon, descended from a Tudor courtier who married the Dowager Duchess of Suffolk (herself suo jure Baroness Willoughby de Eresby).
His siblings included Montague Guest (1839–1909), a Liberal politician, Arthur Edward Guest (1841–1898), a Conservative politician, Charlotte Maria Guest (d. 1902), Mary Enid Evelyn Guest, who married Austen Henry Layard, and Blanche Guest, who married Edward Ponsonby, 8th Earl of Bessborough.
Following his father's death in 1852, Guest succeeded to his father's baronetcy. In 1880, he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Wimborne, of Canford Magna in the County of Dorset, on Disraeli's initiative.
He held the office of High Sheriff of Glamorgan in 1862 and was the mayor of Poole from 1896 to 1897. In 1879, he rebuilt the real tennis court at Canford. He was lampooned in Vanity Fair as "the paying Guest".
From 1874 on, he stood unsuccessfully for election to the House of Commons as a Conservative, contesting Glamorganshire at the 1874 general election, Poole at a by-election in May 1874, and Bristol at a by-election in 1878 and at the 1880 general election. However, following the tariff reform by Chamberlain, he seceded from the Conservative party and sat in the House of Lords as a Liberal.
Marriage and issue
On 25 May 1868, Guest married Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill (1847–1927). She was the daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, thus making Guest an uncle-by-marriage of Winston Churchill, later the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Their children included the following:
- Frances Guest (1869–1957), later known as Lady Chelmsford, who married Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, who served as Viceroy of India.
- Ivor Churchill Guest (1873–1939), who married the Hon. Alice Grosvenor (1880–1948).
- Christian Henry Charles Guest (1874–1957), who married the Hon. Frances Lyttelton (1885–1918).
- Frederick "Freddie" Edward Guest (1875–1937), who married Amy Phipps (1873–1959), daughter of American industrialist Henry Phipps.
- Oscar Montague Guest (1888–1958), who married Kathleen Paterson (b. 1903).
He died on 22 February 1914 at Canford Manor in Dorset and was succeeded by his eldest son, Ivor Churchill Guest, 2nd Baron Wimborne, 1st Baron Ashby St Ledgers, who was later created Viscount Wimborne. His will was probated in April 1914, provisionally at £250,000.
In 1867, Guest bought at auction "Hamilton House", located at 22 Arlington Street in the St. James's district of the City of Westminster in central London, from the widow of William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton. As the house had traditionally been renamed with the title of each peer who owned it, upon receiving his title in 1880, Guest renamed the house as "Wimborne House".
- Lady Layard’s Journal: Background
- "Guest, Ivor Bertie (GST852IB)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "No. 24838". The London Gazette. 27 April 1880. p. 2725.
- "No. 22130". The London Gazette. 23 April 1858. p. 2004.
- "No. 23231". The London Gazette. 19 March 1867. p. 1793.
- Profile, thePeerage.com; accessed 24 March 2016.
- Canford Tennis Club
- Blake, Robert; Louis, William Roger, eds. (2002). Churchill. Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-19-820626-2. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 526. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, page 245
- Craig, page 68
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). Encyclopædia Britannica. 32 (12th ed.). London & New York. p. 1021. .
- "Ecclesiastical intelligence". The Times (36731). London. 2 April 1902. p. 9.
- Chancellor, E. Beresford (1908). The Private Palaces of London Past and Present. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co Ltd. pp. 366–67. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Ivor Guest
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Wimborne
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|