Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne

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Ivor Guest
1st Baron of Wimborne
2nd Baronet of Dowlais
Lord Wimborne Vanity Fair 23 September 1882.JPG
"Tennis"
As depicted by Théobald Chartran in Vanity Fair, 23 September 1882
Baron of Wimborne
Predecessor John Josiah Guest, 1st Baronet
Successor Ivor Churchill Guest, 2nd Baron
Spouse Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill
Issue
Father Sir John Josiah Guest
Mother Lady Charlotte Guest
Born (1835-08-29)29 August 1835
Hovingham, Yorkshire
Died 22 February 1914(1914-02-22) (aged 78)
Canford Manor, Dorset
Buried Canford Magna Parish Church
Occupation Peerage of England

Ivor Bertie Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne, 2nd Baronet Dowlais DL (29 August 1835 – 22 February 1914) was a Welsh industrialist.

Early life[edit]

Sir Ivor Bertie Guest was born at Dowlais, near Merthyr Tydfil, the son of Lady Charlotte Guest, translator of the Mabinogion, and Sir John Josiah Guest, 1st Baronet Dowlais, owner of the world's largest iron foundry, Dowlais Ironworks. His middle name (Bertie) was from his mother's family, the Earls of Abingdon, descended from a Tudor courtier who married the Dowager Duchess of Suffolk, and herself suo jure Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. His siblings included: Montague Guest (1839–1909), a Liberal politician, Arthur Edward Guest (1841–1898), a Conservative politician, Charlotte Maria Guest (d. 1902), Mary Enid Evelyn Guest, who married Austen Henry Layard,[1] and Blanche Guest, who married Edward Ponsonby, 8th Earl of Bessborough.

Guest was educated at Harrow School in Middlesex, and went on to gain a Master of Arts degree from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1856.[2]

Peerage[edit]

Guest succeeded his father to his baronetcy following his death in 1852. He was elevated to the peerage in 1880 as Baron Wimborne, of Canford Magna in the County of Dorset, on Disraeli's initiative.[3]

Career[edit]

He was commissioned a cornet in the Dorsetshire Yeomanry on 20 April 1858[4] and was promoted lieutenant on 11 March 1867.[5]

He held the office of High Sheriff of Glamorgan in 1862 and was the mayor of Poole from 1896 to 1897.[6] In 1879 he rebuilt the real tennis court at Canford.[7] He was lampooned in Vanity Fair as "the paying Guest".[8]

From 1874 on, he stood unsuccessfully for election to the House of Commons as a Conservative, contesting Glamorganshire at the 1874 general election,[9] Poole at a by-election May 1874,[10] and Bristol at a by-election in 1878 and at the 1880 general election.[11] However, following the tariff reform by Chamberlain he seceded from the Conservative party and sat in the House of Lords as a Liberal.[12]

He was President of the Dean Close Memorial School from 1902.[13] and a Deputy Lieutenant of Dorset.

Personal life[edit]

Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill (Mabel Lee Hankey, 1905)

On 25 May 1868, Guest married Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill (1847–1927). She was the daughter of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, thus making Guest an uncle-by-marriage of Sir Winston Churchill, later the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.[6] Together, they had:

He died on 22 February 1914 at Canford Manor in Dorset[12] and was succeeded by his son, Ivor Churchill Guest, 2nd Baron Wimborne, 1st Baron Ashby St Ledgers, who was later created Viscount Wimborne. His will was probated in April 1914, provisionally at £250,000.

Residences[edit]

In 1867, Guest bought at auction "Hamilton House" located at 22 Arlington Street in the St. James's district of the City of Westminster in central London from the widow of William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton. As the house had traditionally been renamed with the title of each peer who owned it, upon receiving his title in 1880, Guest renamed the house "Wimborne House".[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lady Layard’s Journal: Background
  2. ^ "Guest, Ivor Bertie (GST852IB)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24838. p. 2725. 27 April 1880. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22130. p. 2004. 23 April 1858.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23231. p. 1793. 19 March 1867.
  6. ^ a b Profile, thePeerage.com; accessed 24 March 2016.
  7. ^ Canford Tennis Club
  8. ^ Blake, Robert; Louis, William Roger, eds. (2002). Churchill. Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-19-820626-2. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 526. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  10. ^ Craig, page 245
  11. ^ Craig, page 68
  12. ^ a b 1911encyclopedia.org
  13. ^ "Ecclesiastical intelligence". The Times (36731). London. 2 April 1902. p. 9. 
  14. ^ Chancellor, E. Beresford (1908). The Private Palaces of London Past and Present. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co Ltd. pp. 366–67. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Wimborne
1880–1914
Succeeded by
Ivor Churchill Guest
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Josiah John Guest
Baronet
(of Dowlais)
1852–1914
Succeeded by
Ivor Churchill Guest