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Ivor Herbert, 1st Baron Treowen

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The Lord Treowen

Born15 July 1851 (1851-07-15)
Died18 October 1933 (1933-10-19) (aged 82)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Commands heldOfficer Commanding the Militia of Canada
AwardsCompanion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

Major-General Ivor John Caradoc Herbert, 1st Baron Treowen, CB, CMG, KStJ (15 July 1851 – 18 October 1933), known as Sir Ivor Herbert, Bt, between 1907 and 1917, was a British Liberal politician and British Army officer in the Grenadier Guards,[1] who served as Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada from 1890 to 1895. He was made a baronet in 1907 and raised to a barony in 1917.


Herbert was born at the family seat Llanarth Court, Llanarth in Monmouthshire, the eldest son of John Arthur Edward Herbert, formerly Arthur Jones, of Llanarth (1818–1895).[2] In 1846 Ivor's father married Augusta Hall, the only surviving child and heir of Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover (1802–1867) and his wife Augusta Hall, Baroness Llanover.[3] The marriage took place on 12 November 1846[4] and two years later, the father and his brothers assumed the name of Herbert by royal licence as the senior branch of the Herbert family.[5] (Ironically, no member of this family had been known by that name, so the Jones family was actually taking the name of a junior and more well-known branch, the Herbert earls of Powis descended from an ancient Welsh Catholic family).[6]

His mother was the Honourable Augusta Charlotte Elizabeth Hall, the only surviving daughter and sole heiress of Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover and his wife Augusta Waddington, better known as the Welsh cultural nationalist Lady Llanover, heiress of the considerable Llanover estate in Monmouthshire.[7][8] He had two younger brothers, Edward Bleiddyn[citation needed] and Arthur (whose descendants still own Llanover today).[9]

Military career[edit]

Herbert was a British Army officer. In 1870 he purchased a commission as ensign in the Grenadier Guards, with the rank of lieutenant in the Army,[10] and in 1874 he was promoted to lieutenant, ranking as a captain.[11] In February 1882 he was seconded for service on the staff,[12] serving as brigade-major of the Home District[13] until August that year,[14] when he was appointed brigade-major of the 1st Brigade in the 1st Division of the Expeditionary Force sent to Egypt.[15] For his service in the 1882 Egyptian Campaign he was mentioned in despatches by Sir Garnet Wolseley,[16] was awarded the fourth class of the Order of the Medjidie by the Khedive of Egypt,[17] and received the brevet rank of major.[18] He then again served as brigade-major of the Home District from November 1882[19] to 1883.[20]

In 1883 Herbert was promoted to captain in the Grenadier Guards, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Army.[21] He was again seconded to serve as military attaché at St Petersburg in 1886,[22] was granted the brevet rank of colonel in 1889[23] and promoted to major in the Grenadier Guards in 1890.[24] Later in 1890 he was granted the local rank of major-general while commanding the Canadian Militia,[25] serving until 1895. In 1897 he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in the Grenadier Guards,[26] and commanded the Colonial Contingent during the 1897 Diamond Jubilee celebrations.[27] His regimental service ended when he went on half-pay in 1898.[28] He was promoted to substantive colonel and was assistant adjutant-general on the Home District staff from 1898[29] until he went to South Africa in 1899,[30] serving in the Second Boer War as assistant adjutant-general in the South African Field Force[31] with responsibility for foreign representatives in the country. In 1901 he vacated his staff appointment and was placed on half-pay,[32] and he retired from the Army in 1908.[33] In 1909 he was appointed honorary colonel of the 3rd Battalion, Monmouthshire Regiment,[34] and in 1912 he was granted the honorary rank of major-general.[35]

Political career[edit]

Herbert was Member of Parliament (MP) for South Monmouthshire from 1906 until 1917.[36] In 1907 he was created a Baronet, of Llanarth and Treowen in the county of Monmouth.[37] On 20 June 1917 he was further honoured when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Treowen, of Treowen and Llanarth in the County of Monmouth.[38]

As a Catholic, he made efforts to remove Cromwell's Statue from Westminster.[39]


Lord Treowen was married on 31 July 1873 in London to the Honourable Albertina Agnes Mary Denison (22 September 1854 – 20 October 1929 London),[40] youngest daughter of the Albert Denison, 1st Baron Londesborough (himself a son of Henry Conyngham, 1st Marquess Conyngham and his wife, a mistress of George IV) and his second and younger daughter by his second wife, the former Ursula Bridgeman (later Lady Otho FitzGerald; she died 1883).

Lady Treowen founded and was the first President of the Ottawa Decorative Art Society. She was President of the Woman's Humane Society, and the first President of the Humane Society of Ottawa, and, had cabmen's shelters erected in Ottawa. As a member of the Band of Mercy Union, in 1892, she championed a resolution protesting against the use of the check-rein, and agreeing not to use or hire horses that were check-reined. She urged the erection of a national monument to Laura Secord. She was the honorary Secretary to an organization that raised a fund by the women of Canada to present a wedding gift to the Prince and Princess of Wales.[41] Lord and Lady Treowen had two children.

The estate Llanarth, near Llanover (also owned by the Herbert family) is still owned privately. According to the estate's site, the estates are all near Abergavenny. Both Llanarth and Llanover are privately owned estate villages within a conservation area. For maps, see[46][47] The baronetcy and barony became extinct on Lord Treowen's death.



  1. ^ His name is given as "Colonel Ivor Herbert, of the Grenadier Guards" in 1896 in an article about his grandmother's death."Marw". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.. Retrieved 10 August 2007
  2. ^ Lady Llanover's son-in-law is so named by the National Library of Wales website. Retrieved 10 August 2007 [1]. The Gwent Record Offices say that "John Jones's son, John Arthur Jones (1818-1895), obtained a royal licence in 1848 for himself and his brothers and sisters to assume the surname of Herbert in lieu of Jones, being the senior existing branch of the house of Herbert.
  3. ^ Archives Network Wales - Llanarth Court MSS
  4. ^ The National Library of Wales :: Dictionary of Welsh Biography at yba.llgc.org.uk
  5. ^ "No. 20902". The London Gazette. 3 October 1848. p. 3585.
  6. ^ John Arthur Edward Herbert was grandson of John Jones of Llanarth Court (1760-1828) by his wife and cousin Mary Lee. The Jones/Herbert family were intermarried with other Catholic recusant families such as the Vaughans of Courtfield near Ross-on-Wye, the Berkeleys of Spetchley and now of Berkeley Castle, and the Scropes of Danby, the head of whom married in 1821 Mary, daughter of John Jones and Mary Leei.
  7. ^ Leo van der Pas. "Descendants of Mary Tudor, Princess of England (gen 14-475 to 14-504 of 19 generations)" on worldroots.com. Retrieved 10 August 2007. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Augusta Hall (1802-1896) biography available in English
  9. ^ Sir Arthur James Herbert, of the Diplomatic Service, was first British ambassador to Oslo, Norway, and owned Coldbrook, in Abergavenny,[2] and he or more likely, his son inherited Llanover at some point (Lundy, Darryl. "Sir Arthur Herbert". The Peerage.[unreliable source]). His son was Colonel Sir John Arthur Herbert, of Llanover, GCIE(1895-11 December] 1943) and was Governor-General of Bengal till that year. He married in 1924 a daughter of the 6th Earl of Ilchester and had issue (Lundy, Darryl. "Colonel Sir John Arthur Herbert". The Peerage.[unreliable source]; Clarence 8). The names of the three brothers are available with their professions in 1896 in an article about their grandmother's death."Marw". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.. Retrieved 10 August 2007
  10. ^ "No. 23675". The London Gazette. 4 November 1870. p. 4734.
  11. ^ "No. 24162". The London Gazette. 15 December 1874. p. 6225.
  12. ^ "No. 25087". The London Gazette. 24 March 1882. p. 1333.
  13. ^ "No. 25075". The London Gazette. 24 February 1882. p. 771.
  14. ^ "No. 25140". The London Gazette. 22 August 1882. p. 3919.
  15. ^ "No. 25134". The London Gazette. 1 August 1882. p. 3581.
  16. ^ "No. 25162". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 November 1882. p. 4880.
  17. ^ "No. 25169". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 November 1882. p. 5169.
  18. ^ "No. 25169". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 November 1882. p. 5174.
  19. ^ "No. 25171". The London Gazette. 24 November 1882. p. 5320.
  20. ^ "No. 25290". The London Gazette. 23 November 1883. p. 5622.
  21. ^ "No. 25241". The London Gazette. 12 June 1883. p. 3038.
  22. ^ "No. 25615". The London Gazette. 10 August 1886. p. 3856.
  23. ^ "No. 25966". The London Gazette. 20 August 1889. p. 4526.
  24. ^ "No. 26010". The London Gazette. 3 January 1890. p. 7.
  25. ^ "No. 26111". The London Gazette. 2 December 1890. p. 6802.
  26. ^ "No. 26903". The London Gazette. 26 October 1897. p. 5869.
  27. ^ "No. 26947". The London Gazette. 14 March 1898.
  28. ^ "No. 26984". The London Gazette. 5 July 1898. p. 4065.
  29. ^ "No. 26992". The London Gazette. 2 August 1898. p. 4653.
  30. ^ "No. 27135". The London Gazette. 14 November 1899. p. 6815.
  31. ^ "No. 27204". The London Gazette. 22 June 1900. p. 3893.
  32. ^ "No. 27310". The London Gazette. 3 May 1901. p. 3036.
  33. ^ "No. 28158". The London Gazette. 14 July 1908. p. 5135.
  34. ^ "No. 28260". The London Gazette. 15 June 1909. p. 4575.
  35. ^ "No. 28602". The London Gazette. 26 April 1912. p. 2988.
  36. ^ Leigh Rayment. An incomplete list of MPs for South Monmouthshire is available.[3][usurped] Retrieved 10 August 2007
  37. ^ "No. 28040". The London Gazette. 16 July 1907. p. 4858.
  38. ^ "No. 30150". The London Gazette. 26 June 1917. p. 6286.
  39. ^ Ireland The Times 26 September 1906
  40. ^ Leo van der Pas. Ibid.
  41. ^ Morgan, Henry James, ed. (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 156.
  42. ^ "Coflein Mapping". Map.coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  43. ^ "V.A.D. Revival". Brecon County Times. Brecon, Wales. 30 October 1924. p. 2.
  44. ^ Private genealogical website. Ancestry for Elydir Herbert. Retrieved 10 August 2007. [4]
  45. ^ "HERBERT, The Hon. ELIDYR JOHN BERNARD". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  46. ^ Llanover Llanarth and Coldbrook Estates at llanover.com
  47. ^ Llanover Llanarth and Coldbrook Estates
  48. ^ "No. 26082". The London Gazette. 26 August 1890. p. 4666.
  49. ^ "No. 26651". The London Gazette. 9 August 1895. p. 4478.
  50. ^ "The War". The Times. No. 36632. London. 7 December 1901. p. 10.
  51. ^ "Court Circular". The Times. No. 36924. London. 13 November 1902. p. 10.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for South Monmouthshire
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Monmouthshire
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Treowen
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Llanarth)