Ivor Philipps

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Major General
Sir Ivor Philipps
KCB, DSO
Ivor Philipps MP.jpg
Ivor Philipps, circa 1905
Member of Parliament for Southampton
In office
12 January 1906 – 15 November 1922
Serving with William Dudley Ward
Preceded by Sir John Simeon, 4th Baronet
Succeeded by Edwin King Perkins
Personal details
Born (1861-09-09)9 September 1861
Warminster, Wiltshire
Died 15 August 1940(1940-08-15) (aged 78)
Vincent Square, London
Nationality British
Political party Liberal Party
Military service
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
British Indian Army
Years of service 1881–1916
Rank Major General
Commands 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division (1915–16)
115th Brigade (1914–15)
Pembroke Yeomanry (1908–12)
Battles/wars Third Anglo-Burmese War
North-West Frontier
Tirah Campaign
Boxer Rebellion
First World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches

Major General Sir Ivor Philipps, KCB, DSO (9 September 1861 – 15 August 1940)[1] was a British officer in the British Indian Army and a Liberal Party politician. He held a seat in the House of Commons from 1906 to 1922.[1]

Early life[edit]

Philipps was the son of Rev. Sir J. E. Philipps, Bt.[2] and his wife Mary Margaret, daughter of Rev. Samuel Best and sister of George Best, 5th Baron Wynford.[3] His older brother John Philipps (1860–1938) was a Liberal Party politician who became Baron St Davids in 1908 and Viscount St Davids in 1918;[4] his younger brothers include Lord Kylsant and Lord Milford.

Philipps was educated at Felsted School,[2] and served in the British Army from 1881 to 1883.[2]

Military career[edit]

Sir Ivor Philipps

Philipps joined the Indian Army in 1883 as a lieutenant,[2] and was promoted to major in 1901.[2] He fought in the Third Anglo-Burmese War from 1885 to 1889, in the Miranzai Expedition in 1891, the Isazai Expedition in 1892, with the Tirah Field Force from 1897 to 1898. He was appointed to a staff position at Indian army head quarters on 28 November 1899, as Deputy Assistant Quartermaster-General for Mobilization. With the outbreak of the Boxer Rebellion in China the following summer he was temporary attached to the China Field Force from June 1900,[5] and served in China until 1901 as Quartermaster-General.[3] He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in November 1900, in recognition of services during the Boxer Rebellion.[6]

He retired from the army in 1903, and joined the Pembroke Yeomanry as second-in-command, becoming commander from 1908 to 1912.[4]

On the outbreak of the First World War, he initially served in the War Office, and in November 1914 he was promoted to Brigadier-General in command of the 115th Brigade.[4] In January 1916 he took command of the 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division, bringing the division to France, and after a break while he held ministerial office in London he led the division during the first assault on Mametz Wood, at the Battle of the Somme in 1916.[4]

Politics[edit]

At the 1906 general election, Philipps was elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Southampton.[7] At each of the previous two general elections, the city's two parliamentary seats had been won a Conservative and a Liberal Unionist; in 1906 the Liberals won both seats. Philipps was re-elected in Southampton at both the January 1910 and December 1910 general elections,[7] along with his fellow Liberal William Dudley Ward. He served in 1915 as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Munitions,[3] and was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1917.[3]

During the 1918 general election, both Philipps and Ward were re-elected as Coalition Liberals,[8] i.e. as holders of the "coalition coupon", a sent to parliamentary candidates at the 1918 election endorsing them as official representatives of the Coalition Government. However, Philipps and Ward were both defeated at the 1922 general election by Conservative Party candidates,[8] and neither stood again.

Personal life[edit]

In 1891 he married Marian Isobel, a daughter of James Buchan Mirrlees, of Glasgow.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)
  2. ^ a b c d e The Times House of Commons 1910 (2nd ed.). London: Methuen. 2010 [1910]. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-84275-034-6. 
  3. ^ a b c d Hesilridge, Arthur G. M. (1922). Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1922. London: Dean & Son. pp. 127–8. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Obituary: Major-General Sir Ivor Philips". The Times. London. 16 August 1940. pp. 7, col E. 
  5. ^ "No. 27469". The London Gazette. 29 August 1902. p. 5610. 
  6. ^ "No. 27337". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 July 1901. p. 4915. 
  7. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 189–90. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  8. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 243. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Tankerville Chamberlayne
Sir John Simeon, Bt
Member of Parliament for Southampton
19061922
With: William Dudley Ward
Succeeded by
Edwin King Perkins
Lord Apsley