From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ivujivik is located in Quebec
Coordinates: 62°25′00″N 77°54′30″W / 62.41667°N 77.90833°W / 62.41667; -77.90833Coordinates: 62°25′00″N 77°54′30″W / 62.41667°N 77.90833°W / 62.41667; -77.90833[1]
Settled1938 (mission)
ConstitutedJune 27, 1981
 • MayorAdamie Kalingo[2]
 • Federal ridingAbitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou
 • Prov. ridingUngava
 • Total36.98 km2 (14.28 sq mi)
 • Land35.15 km2 (13.57 sq mi)
 • Total412
 • Density11.7/km2 (30/sq mi)
 • Change (2016–21)
Decrease 0.5%
 • Dwellings
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code819
Websitewww.nvivujivik.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Ivujivik (Inuktitut: ᐃᕗᔨᕕᒃ Inuktitut pronunciation: [ivujivik], meaning "Place where ice accumulates because of strong currents", or "Sea-ice crash Area") is a northern village (Inuit community) in Nunavik, Quebec, and the northernmost settlement in any Canadian province, although there are settlements further north in the territories. Its population in the 2021 Canadian census was 412. Unlike most other northern villages in Nunavik but like Puvirnituq, it has no Inuit reserved land of the same name associated with it.

Policing for Ivujivik is provided by the Kativik Regional Police Force.[5]


Satellite image of Digges Sound with Ivujivik marked "A" (click image for full legend)

Ivujivik is located in the Nunavik region of the province, some 2,000 km (1,200 mi) north of Montreal. It is only 28 km (17 mi) south-west from Cape Wolstenholme, the northernmost tip of the Ungava Peninsula, which is in turn the northernmost part of the Labrador Peninsula. It is near Digges Sound, where Hudson Strait meets Hudson Bay. The municipal boundaries include an area of 35.21 km2 (13.59 sq mi).

The area is ice-free for 20 working days a year in the summer. There are no road links to the North American road system, nor is this (or any other) Nunavik community linked by road to any of the other villages in the region. The village is served by Ivujivik Airport.

The village itself is located on a small sandy cove between imposing cliffs that drop steeply into Digges Sound. Here the strong currents from Hudson Bay and the Hudson Strait clash, sometimes even crushing trapped animals between the ice floes. Directly north across the sound are West and East Digges Islands. Farther north in the Hudson Strait are Nottingham and Salisbury Islands.[6]


Archaeological dating estimates nearly 3000 years since the arrival in the area of Thule People, ancestors of today's Inuit, from Baffin Island. This place would have been the starting point of Inuit migration into Quebec, explaining the presence of the Inuit along the coast of Hudson Bay.[1] On nearby Digges Island was the spot of the first encounter between Europeans and the Inuit of Nunavik. This occurred in 1610 on Henry Hudson's last mission.[6]

The Hudson's Bay Company established a trading post on Erik Cove near Cape Wolstenholme in 1909. A Catholic mission was established on the village's current site in 1938. But both locations only remained seasonal camps. In 1947, the HBC post at Erik Cove closed and a new outpost was set up in Ivujivik. This marked the beginning of the modern village as nomadic Inuit finally began to settle permanently.[1] Not until the 1960s did the Government of Canada begin to deliver health and social services.[6] In 1962, the Inuit established a cooperative that has allowed the community to better structure its local economy and develop new activities such as sculpture, crafts, and tourism focusing on hunting and fishing.[1]

Ivujivik, along with Puvirnituq, was one of two Inuit villages that refused to sign the 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement. In protest, it formed the Inuuqatigiit Tunngavingat Nunamini (ITN) movement. Nonetheless, it was gradually represented by the Kativik Regional Government,[6] and it officially joined the agreement in 2015.[7]

2006 bear attack[edit]

In February 2006, the Ivujivik resident Lydia Angiyou saved her seven-year-old son and two of his friends from a polar bear attack outside the local youth centre by placing herself between the bear and the children. A local hunter, Sirqualuk Ainalik, heard the noise, ran over, and saved her by shooting the bear as it attacked. It is thought that she may have benefited from a phenomenon known as hysterical strength in fighting with the bear. The presence of a polar bear in a populated area is an unusual occurrence. Angiyou was awarded the Medal of Bravery by the Governor General for her actions.[8]


In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Ivujivik had a population of 412 living in 123 of its 136 total private dwellings, a change of -0.5% from its 2016 population of 414. With a land area of 35.15 km2 (13.57 sq mi), it had a population density of 11.7/km2 (30.4/sq mi) in 2021.[9]

In 2001, 285 of the 298 (about 96%) persons were considered aboriginal. As with many Inuit villages, there is a large youth contingent. In 2006, 42.9% of the population was below the age of fifteen. The median age was 19.1.[10]

In 2001, unemployment was at 18.2 percent. The median income for the same census was $14,624 (in Canadian dollars.) 72 percent of the workforce walked or biked to work.

Historical census populations – Ivujivik
1986 208—    
1991 263+26.4%
1996 274+4.2%
2001 298+8.8%
2006 349+17.1%
2011 370+6.0%
2016 414+11.9%
2021 412−0.5%
Source: Statistics Canada


The Kativik School Board operates the Nuvviti School.[11]


  1. ^ a b c d "Ivujivik (Municipalité de village nordique)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
  2. ^ "'We feel dirty': Ivujivik water shortage creates health, hygiene concerns". January 30, 2023. Retrieved January 11, 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Ivujivik". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation. Retrieved 2023-01-27.
  4. ^ a b "Ivujivik, Village nordique (VN) Quebec [Census subdivision]". 2021 Canadian census. Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 2022-03-17.
  5. ^ KRPF. "General Information". Home. Archived from the original on 2017-08-27. Retrieved 2017-07-03.
  6. ^ a b c d "Ivujivik". Nunavik Tourism Association. Archived from the original on 2015-05-22. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  7. ^ "Nunavik community joins James Bay treaty, 40 years later". Nunatsiaq. 21 July 2015. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  8. ^ Jane George (2006-02-17). "Polar bear no match for fearsome mother in Ivujivik". Nunatsiaq News / Nortext Publishing Corporation (Iqaluit). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  9. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Quebec". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  10. ^ "Ivujivik community profile". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 13 March 2007. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
  11. ^ "Our Schools Archived 2017-09-15 at the Wayback Machine." Kativik School Board. Retrieved on September 23, 2017.

External links[edit]