Ivy Bottini

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Ivy Bottini (born August 15, 1926 in New York) is an American women's rights and LGBT rights activist and artist.[1][2]

Ivy Bottini speaking at Stonewall Democratic Club January 28 2019

Personal life and career[edit]

From 1944 until 1947, she attended Pratt Institute School of Art, where she earned a certificate in advertising graphic design and illustration.[2] She married Edward Bottini in 1951.[3] She was employed for sixteen years at the east coast daily newspaper Newsday, until her move to Los Angeles in 1971.[2]

Bottini realized she had same sex attractions at an early age. Her first crush was on her first grade female gym teacher. During an interview with the Lavender Effect, Bottini admitted to falling "in love with every gym teacher I ever had in my life." She also formed a close, platonic relationship with one of her seventh grade teachers, whom became a parental figure for her.[1]

Despite her attraction to women, Bottini did not pursue lesbian relationships, due to cultural norms of the time. She was engaged to several men, with each engagement lasting only a few weeks before she'd end the relationship. She married her husband of sixteen years, Eddie, on January 12, 1952.[1] Leading up to the marriage, Bottini began experiencing physical symptoms involving her ability to swallow food properly. Her doctor realized her symptoms were related to anxiety and referred her to a psychiatrist. She expressed to the psychiatrist that she felt attracted to women, but the psychiatrist told her she was not homosexual. He suggested she abandon her friends and interests and "cleave" to soon to be husband, Eddie.[1] She did as her psychiatrist instructed, but her lesbian desires did not subside.

Years later, a coworker, Delores Alexander, introduced Bottini to the National Organization for Women (NOW). Alexander had just interviewed the NOW president Betty Friedan, and felt it would be a useful organization for Bottini to join. Bottini helped found the New York chapter of NOW in 1966.[4][5] Soon after becoming president of the New York chapter of NOW in 1968 she came out as a lesbian.[3][4][5] She left her husband and moved in with a woman in New York City.[3][6]

She also studied acting at Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute and performed a one-woman show, "The Many Faces of Women", nationwide.[7]

Bottini now works as a graphic artist.[8]

Her memoir, The Liberation of Ivy Bottini: A Memoir of Love and Activism, as told to Judith V. Branzburg, was published by Bedazzled Ink Publishing Company in November, 2018.[9]

Activism[edit]

In 1966, she helped found the New York chapter of the National Organization for Women.[4][5] In 1968, she was elected the president of the New York chapter of the National Organization for Women; she came out as a lesbian later that year.[3][4][5] In 1969, she designed the logo for the National Organization for Women which is still their logo today.[10][8] Also in 1969, she held a public forum titled "Is Lesbianism a Feminist Issue?", which was the first time lesbian concerns were introduced into the National Organization for Women.[11] In 1970, she led a demonstration at the Statue of Liberty where she and others from the National Organization for Women's New York chapter draped an enormous banner over a railing which read "WOMEN OF THE WORLD UNITE!"[12][13] During her time at the National Organization for Women's New York chapter she also introduced feminist consciousness raising, which was later adapted for all chapters in the organization to participate in.[2] However, later in 1970 Betty Friedan engineered the expulsion of lesbians from the National Organization for Women's New York chapter, including Ivy Bottini.[14]

She moved to Los Angeles in 1971.[2] There she founded AIDS Network LA, the first AIDS organization in Los Angeles, and the Los Angeles Lesbian/Gay Police Advisory Board.[8][7][15] In 1977, she created and hosted the first Lesbian/Gay radio show on a mainstream network (KHJ in Los Angeles.) [8] In 1978, she was the Southern California deputy director of the successful campaign against the Briggs Initiative (No on 6), which would have banned gays and lesbians from teaching in California's public schools. She later chaired the successful No on LaRouche and No on 64 Initiative campaign.[7] The Larouche initiative (Number 64), which was not passed, might have quarantined people with AIDS.[16][17] In 1981 she was appointed by then-governor Jerry Brown as Commissioner for "California Commission on Aging", making her the first "out" lesbian or gay person to be appointed to a state board or commission.[8] In 1983 she co-founded AIDS Project Los Angeles.[18]

In 1993, she co-founded the nonprofit organization Gay & Lesbian Elder Housing, which in 2007 developed Triangle Square, the first affordable housing complex for gay and lesbian senior citizens in the country.[18] From 1998 until 1999, she co-chaired the addiction and recovery city task force, and established the ad hoc committee City of West Hollywood, to publicize the issue of lesbian and gay partner abuse.[11]

Also in 1999, she chaired the National Organization for Women's annual national conference, called Pioneer Reunion, in Beverly Hills.[11] Shortly after, she co-chaired the Lesbian and Gay Advisory Board for the City of West Hollywood from 2000 to 2010.[18] In 2001, she was part of a lesbian and gay rights coalition that formed the Alliance for Diverse Community Aging Services to help lesbian and gay seniors obtain assisted living and affordable retirement.[11] In 2011, she designed t-shirts for the Dyke March in Los Angeles.[16]

She and The Lavender Effect, an LGBT history organization, are currently advocating for a LGBT museum in Los Angeles.[19] She is also advocating for the creation of an AIDS memorial in West Hollywood.[18]

Her papers and certain audio recordings are held by ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives.[3] In 2009, the film On These Shoulders We Stand profiled Ivy Bottini as well as ten other LGBT activists from the early LGBT rights movement in Los Angeles.[20][21] She participated in an Oral History project by The Lavender Effect, which documented her personal life and work as an acvivist.[1]

Awards[edit]

In 1991, she received Drama Logues' "Best Performance Award" for Against the Rising Sea. [8]

In 1998, the Ivy Theater was established in her honor in West Hollywood.[8][22]

In 2001, in the Matthew Shepard Memorial Triangle a tree was planted in her honor, and a plaque placed at the foot of it.[8][23]

In 2007, she received the Morris Kight Lifetime Achievement Award from Christopher Street West Los Angeles LGBT Pride. [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Ivy Bottini". THE LAVENDER EFFECT®. 2014-09-14. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Artist | Activist". Ivy Bottini. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Finding aid of the Ivy Bottini Papers". Oac.cdlib.org. 1926-08-15. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  4. ^ a b c d Out For Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay Rights Movement in America - Dudley Clendinen, Adam Nagourney - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  5. ^ a b c d Patrick Range McDonald (2010-05-20). "Ivy Bottini: The Beauty of Seeking Justice - Page 1 - LA Life - Los Angeles". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  6. ^ Out For Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay Rights Movement in America - Dudley Clendinen, Adam Nagourney - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  7. ^ a b c "The Cast". Tenmoregoodyears.com. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "WeHo News". WeHo News. Archived from the original on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  9. ^ Judith V. Branzburg (22 November 2018). The Liberation of Ivy Bottini: A Memoir of Love and Activism. BEDAZZLED INK Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-945805-93-6.
  10. ^ Jeff Mackler. "Ivy Bottini Merges Activism and Art in Designing Dyke March T-Shirt | Your Olive Branch News - yobo". News.yourolivebranch.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  11. ^ a b c d Feminists Who Changed America, 1963-1975 - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  12. ^ a b "Honorees". Lapride.org. 2007-01-04. Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  13. ^ "The Feminist Chronicles, 1953-1993 - 1970 - Feminist Majority Foundation". Feminist.org. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  14. ^ Vicki Lynn Eaklor Queer America: a GLBT history of the 20th century, ABC-CLIO, 2008 ISBN 0313337497 p. 145
  15. ^ [1][dead link]
  16. ^ a b Mills, James F. (2011-06-10). "Ivy Bottini Merges Activism and Art in Designing Dyke March T-Shirt - West Hollywood, CA Patch". Westhollywood.patch.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  17. ^ "LaRouche Initiative: Prop 64 Framed for Fear - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 1986-09-21. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  18. ^ a b c d "Local Hero: Ivy Bottini | LGBT Pride Month | Local Heroes". KCET. Archived from the original on 2012-10-30. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  19. ^ Range, Patrick (2012-06-01). "Will There Be a World-Class Gay and Lesbian Museum in Los Angeles? - Los Angeles - News - The Informer". Blogs.laweekly.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  20. ^ "On These Shoulders We Stand | Impact Stories Documentary Film". Impactstories.org. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  21. ^ Jacoby, Danielle (2011-06-30). "Weho Documentary Shows How Far Gay Rights Have Come - West Hollywood, CA Patch". Westhollywood.patch.com. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  22. ^ "WeHo News". WeHo News. 2006-08-26. Archived from the original on 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  23. ^ "WeHo News". WeHo News. Archived from the original on 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2012-11-06.