Ivy Cavendish-Bentinck, Duchess of Portland
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Ivy Gordon-Lennox by Philip de László, 1915
16 June 1887
London, England, UK
|Died||3 March 1982
Welbeck Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, England, UK
|Title||Duchess of Portland|
|Spouse(s)||William Cavendish-Bentinck, 7th Duke of Portland|
|Children||Lady Anne Cavendish-Bentinck
Lady Victoria Parente
|Parent(s)||Lord Algernon Gordon-Lennox
Ivy Cavendish-Bentinck, Duchess of Portland DBE (née Gordon-Lennox; 16 June 1887 – 3 March 1982) was Duchess of Portland from 1943 – 1977 and afterwards Dowager Duchess. She initiated the Harley Foundation, "to encourage creativity".
Ivy Gordon-Lennox was born in London on 16 June 1887, the daughter of Colonel the Hon. Lord Algernon Charles Gordon-Lennox (b. 19 September 1847, London – d. 3 October 1921) and his wife, Blanche Maynard (b. 14 February 1864, London – d. 17 August 1945), who married at Easton[disambiguation needed] on 31 August 1886. Ivy was their only child.
Ivy Gordon-Lennox's parents had a country house, Broughton Castle, near Banbury, which was rented from the 18th Lord Saye and Sele, and a house in London at 7 Chesterfield Street, Mayfair. Lord Algernon was the second of the four sons of the 6th Duke of Richmond (1818–1903), and his obituary in The Times called him "a notable social figure, whose popularity it would be difficult to over-estimate". He served in the Royal Navy, the Life Guards, and the Grenadier Guards, and was twelve years aide-de-camp to HRH The Duke of Cambridge, Commander-in-chief of the British Army.
Like her mother, Lady Blanche Gordon–Lennox, who was knighted as a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 1919; Ivy would be named Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 1958, almost forty years later.
Ivy Gordon-Lennox's maternal grandfather was Colonel the Hon. Charles Maynard, a son of the 3rd Viscount Maynard, while her three Gordon-Lennox uncles included the 7th Duke of Richmond (1845–1928), Captain Lord Francis Gordon-Lennox, who died before she was born, and Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox (1865–1922), a Conservative MP.
On 1 January 1912, Ivy Gordon-Lennox was appointed a Maid of Honour to HM Queen Alexandra, the Queen Mother. In 1915, during the First World War, she was Princess Victoria's representative in connection with proposed Nurses' Clubs in France, travelling to Étaples and Abbeville.
On 12 August 1915, Ivy Gordon-Lennox married William Cavendish-Bentinck, Marquess of Titchfield (1893–1977), son of the 6th Duke of Portland and his wife Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke.
At the time of this marriage, three portraits of the bride were painted by Philip de László. The couple had two daughters, Anne (6 September 1916 – 21 December 2008), and Victoria (9 October 1918 – died 29 August 1955).
From 1922-43, Lady Titchfield was a political wife, her husband representing Newark in the House of Commons and serving as a Junior Lord of the Treasury under Stanley Baldwin and again under Ramsay Macdonald. In 1943, Ivy Titchfield became Duchess of Portland when her father-in-law died and her husband inherited his father's titles.
In 1977, the Duchess set up the Harley Foundation intended "to encourage creativity in all of us". She intended it to help artists by providing affordable work-space in quiet surroundings, to support the survival of specialist craft skills in an age of mass production, and to improve public access to the visual arts. The Foundation was granted a long lease of some properties at Welbeck and it now maintains three sets of studios there, with space for up to thirty artists and craft-workers, plus a Gallery and craft shop.
The Duchess died at Welbeck Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, on 3 March 1982, aged 94. She is buried at the traditional burial place of the Dukes of Portland in the churchyard of St Winifred's Church at Holbeck.
The first daughter remained unmarried throughout her life and was known as Lady Anne Bentinck. In April 2008, at the age of ninety-one, she was reported in The Sunday Times of London to be the 511th richest person in the United Kingdom, with a fortune estimated at £158 million, largely in art and land. She died on 21 December 2008.
The second daughter, Lady Victoria, married the Italian Don Gaetano Parente, Principe di Castel Viscardo, on 12 April 1950. She had one son, William Henry Marcello Parente (b. 1951), and she died on 29 August 1955, aged 36. The Portlands' only grandchild, William Parente, of Welbeck Abbey, was appointed High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire in 2003.
Non-engagement in 1910
In September 1910, Lady Blanche Gordon-Lennox took firm action to quell a rumour that her daughter was engaged to marry Edward Turnour, 6th Earl Winterton. A notice to this purpose appeared in the New York Times, reading:
|“||Ivy Gordon-Lennox Not Engaged. Special Cable to The New York Times. London, Sept. 24 . Lady Algernon Gordon-Lennox contradicts the report current in London, and referred to in these dispatches last week, of the engagement of her daughter, Ivy, to Earl Winterton.||”|
Winterton married the Hon. Cecilia Monica Wilson in 1924, and died childless in 1962.
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|Ancestors of Ivy Cavendish-Bentinck, Duchess of Portland|
- Profile, geni.com; accessed 7 June 2015.
- Ivy Gordon-Lennox profile, NPG.org.uk; accessed 24 March 2016.
- Ruvigny & Raineval, Marquis of, The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal: Clarence Volume p. 238 online at books.google.co.uk, accessed 24 July 2008
- Lundy, Darryl. "Hon. Ivy Gordon-Lennox". thepeerage.com. p. 962 § 9614. Retrieved 30 November 2016. cites Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. 3 (107th in 3 volumes ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books). p. 3336.
- Death of Lord Algernon Gordon-Lennox - a popular social figure, The Times, 5 October 1921, page 13.
- The London Gazette: . 9 January 1912. Retrieved 2008-07-24.:"Marlborough House, 1st January, 1912. Queen Alexandra has been graciously pleased to appoint Miss Ivy Gordon-Lennox to be one of the Maids of Honour to Her Majesty in the room of the Honourable Blanche Lascelles, resigned."
- War Diary: May 1915 from National Archives (ref. WO95/3988) at scarletfinders.co.uk, accessed 24 July 2008
- Portrait of a Lady at jssgallery.org, accessed 24 July 2008, with information Christopher Wentworth-Stanley, European Editor, The Catalogue Raisonné of Works by Philip de László
- About us - The Harley Foundation at harleygallery.co.uk, accessed 24 July 2008
- The Harley Gallery, Welbeck Workshop, Worksop, Nottinghamshire, S80 3LW at donowdo.com, accessed 24 July 2008
- The Sunday Times (London), 27 April 2008, p. 61: "Bentinck, 91, who lives on a 17,000-acre (69 km2) Nottinghamshire estate, has land and property worth £58m. The daughter of the 7th Duke of Portland also owned impressive fine art treasures."
- The London Gazette: . 21 March 2003. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- Ivy Gordon-Lennox Not Engaged, nytimes.com, 25 September 1910; accessed 24 July 2008.
- Lundy, Darryl. "Edward Turnour, 6th Earl Winterton profile". thepeerage.com. p. 2108 § 21075. Retrieved 24 March 2016. cites Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. 2 (107th in 3 volumes ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books). p. 2957.