Iwaizumi, Iwate

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Iwaizumi
岩泉町
Town
Iwaizumi Town Hall
Iwaizumi Town Hall
Flag of  Iwaizumi
Flag
Official seal of  Iwaizumi
Seal
Location of Iwaizumi in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Iwaizumi in Iwate Prefecture
 Iwaizumi  is located in Japan
 Iwaizumi
Iwaizumi
 
Coordinates: 39°50′35.3″N 141°47′47″E / 39.843139°N 141.79639°E / 39.843139; 141.79639Coordinates: 39°50′35.3″N 141°47′47″E / 39.843139°N 141.79639°E / 39.843139; 141.79639
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Iwate
District Shimohei
Area
 • Total 992.36 km2 (383.15 sq mi)
Population (March 31, 2017)
 • Total 9,736
 • Density 9.81/km2 (25.4/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
• Tree Japanese red pine
• Flower Kiri
• Bird Copper pheasant
Phone number 0194-22-2111 
Address Iwaizumi-aze Sohata 59-5, Iwaizumi-chō, Shimohei-gun, Iwate 027-0595
Website Official Website
Landscape in Iwaizumi

Iwaizumi (岩泉町, Iwaizumi-chō) is a town located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 March 2017, the town had an estimated population of 9,735, and a population density of 9.81 persons per km2 in 4519 households.[1] The total area of the town is 992.36 square kilometres (383.15 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Iwaizumi is in the Kitakami Mountains of northeast Iwate prefecture, east of the prefectural capital of Morioka. It has a small coastline on the Pacific Ocean to the east. The area has numerous limestone caves, including the Ryūsendō.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Iwaizumi has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Iwaizumi is 9.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1283 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around −2.0 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Iwaizumi has declined steadily over the past 40 years, and is now less than half of what it was in the year 1970.

Census year Population
1970 22,177
1980 18,267
1990 15,164
2000 12,845
2010 10,804

History[edit]

The area of present-day Iwaizumi was part of ancient Mutsu Province, dominated by the Nambu clan during the Edo period, who ruled Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. With the Meiji period establishment of the modern municipalities system, the village of Iwaizumi was created within Kitahei District on April 1, 1889. Kitahei, Nakahei and Higashihei Districts were all merged into Minamihei District on March 29, 1896.

Iwaizumi was elevated to town status on August 1, 1922. On September 30, 1956, Imaizumi annexed the neighboring villages of Akka, Ugei, Okawa and Omoto and on April 1, 1957, annexed the village of Kogawa to reach is present borders.

In August 2016, typhoon Lionrock hit the town with strong Winds and heavy Rain that caused Landslides and Flooding. 19 people died, including 9 people drowned in a nursing home after a river burst its banks.

Economy[edit]

The local economy is based on agriculture and to a lesser extent on commercial fishing.

Education[edit]

Iwaizumi has eleven public elementary schools and five public Junior High Schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

The JR East Iwaizumi Line, which connected Iwaizumi with Moichi Station on the Yamada Line, officially closed on April 1, 2014.

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

International relations[edit]

Noted people from Iwaizumi[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Iwaizumi, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons