Ixinandria steinbachi

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Ixinandria steinbachi
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Loricariidae
Subfamily: Loricariinae
Tribe: Loricariini
Genus: Ixinandria
Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1979
Species: I. steinbachi
Binomial name
Ixinandria steinbachi
(Regan, 1906)

Loricaria steinbachi
Regan, 1906
Canthopomus montebelloi
Fowler, 1940

Ixinandria steinbachi is the only species in the genus Ixinandria of catfish (order Siluriformes) of the family Loricariidae.[1]


Ixinandria is part of the Rineloricaria group of the Loricariini tribe within the subfamily Loricariinae.[2] The phylogenetic position of Ixinandria within the tribe Loricariini remains uncertain. It has been suggested that Ixinandria could be synonym of Rineloricaria.[2]

Previously there were two species in this genus, but it was found that I. montebelloi was a synonym of I. steinbachi.[1]


The distribution of Ixinandria includes rivers of the Atlantic slope of the Andes in Bolivia and Argentina.[2] I. steinbachi occurs in the Salado River basin.[3] I. steinbachi occurs in Salta Province in mountainous areas at high altitudes ranging from around 1000–2900 metres (3300–9500 ft) above sea level.[2]

Appearance and anatomy[edit]

Sexual dimorphism includes hypertrophied odontodes around the head margin and on the pectoral fin spines of mature males.[2] These fish reach a length of 11.3 centimetres (4.4 in) SL.[3]

Habitat ecology[edit]

I. steinbachi is a rheophilic species that lives in fast flowing and very oxygenated waters. Its color pattern reflects mimicry with stoned bottoms.[2] Fertilized eggs have been found on the hidden surface of a stone, suggesting that I. steinbachi could be a cavity spawner.[2]


  1. ^ a b Rodriguez, Mónica S.; Cramer, Christian A.; Bonatto, Sandro L.; Reis, Roberto E. (2008). "Taxonomy of Ixinandria Isbrücker & Nijssen (Loricariidae: Loricariinae) based on morphological and molecular data". Neotropical Ichthyology. 6 (3): 367–378. doi:10.1590/s1679-62252008000300010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Covain, Raphael; Fisch-Muller, Sonia (2007). "The genera of the Neotropical armored catfish subfamily Loricariinae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae): a practical key and synopsis" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1462: 1–40. 
  3. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Ixinandria steinbachi" in FishBase. December 2011 version.